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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige; Lunder, Erika K.; Manuel, Kate M.; Maskell, Jack & Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: In Citizens United v. FEC, the Supreme Court invalidated two provisions of the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA), finding that they were unconstitutional under the First Amendment. In response to the Supreme Court's ruling, various proposals have been discussed and legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress. This report provides an analysis of the constitutional and legal issues raised by several proposals, organized by regulatory topic: increasing disclaimer requirements, increasing disclosure for tax-exempt organizations, requiring shareholder notification and approval, restricting U.S. subsidiaries of foreign corporations, restricting political expenditures by government contractors and grantees, taxing corporate independent expenditures, and providing public financing for congressional campaigns. The report also addresses amending the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil's October 2014 Presidential Election

Brazil's October 2014 Presidential Election

Date: October 22, 2014
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly discusses the results of Brazil's recent elections and potential policy shifts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe: Background

Zimbabwe: Background

Date: July 8, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides background on events leading up to and surrounding the country's most recent elections, in March and June 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues

The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues

Date: December 5, 2014
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: The deadlocked November 2000 presidential election focused national attention on previously obscure details of election administration. Even before the U.S. Supreme Court had resolved the election in December, numerous bills to address the failings of the election system were introduced in Congress and state legislatures. The response at the federal level was the Help America Vote Act (HAVA; P.L. 107-252), enacted in 2002. HAVA created the Election Assistance Commission (EAC), established a set of election administration requirements, and provided federal funding, but did not supplant state and local control over election administration. Several issues have arisen or persisted in the years since HAVA was enacted. This report provides background information about HAVA and its provisions, the EAC, funding for the agency and for state programs to improve elections, and a number of enduring election administration issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: August 11, 2010
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA), under which members of the uniformed services and U.S. citizens who live abroad are eligible to register and vote absentee in federal elections. The report discusses recent improvements to UOCAVA, necessary as the result of controversy surrounding ballots received in Florida from absentee voters in the 2000 presidential election. The report also discusses related legislation, such as the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2010, which provided for a major overhaul of UOCAVA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns: Overview and Analysis

Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns: Overview and Analysis

Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam
Description: This report discusses current controversies and arguments for and against public financing of presidential campaigns; legislative history; elements of the program; taxpayer and candidate participation; financial status of the program; recent legislation; and analysis of various policy proposals. If Congress chooses to alter the program, consensus will be necessary in what has historically been a particularly complex and contentious area of campaign finance policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals to Eliminate Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns

Proposals to Eliminate Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns

Date: January 8, 2014
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report discusses Presidential campaign funding and provides a brief policy overview and raises potential issues for congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals to Eliminate Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns

Proposals to Eliminate Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns

Date: May 10, 2013
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report discusses Presidential campaign funding and provides a brief policy overview and raises potential issues for congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding of Presidential Nominating Conventions: Overview and Policy Options

Federal Funding of Presidential Nominating Conventions: Overview and Policy Options

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam & Reese, Shawn
Description: This report provides an overview and analysis of two recurring questions surrounding the federal government's role in financing presidential nominating conventions. First, how much public funding supports presidential nominating conventions? Second, what options exist for changing that amount if Congress chooses to do so?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues

The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues

Date: September 10, 2014
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: This report discusses the Help America Vote Act (HAVA; P.L. 107-252) enacted in 2002. It provides background information about HAVA and its provisions, the Election Assistance Commission (EAC), funding for the agency and for state programs to improve elections, and a number of enduring election administration issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department