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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Haiti: Developments and U.S. Policy Since 1991 and Current Congressional Concerns

Haiti: Developments and U.S. Policy Since 1991 and Current Congressional Concerns

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: Following elections that were widely heralded as the first free and fair elections in Haiti's then-186-year history, Jean-Bertrand Aristide first became Haitian President in February 1991. Elections held under Aristide and his successor, Rene Preval (1996-2000), including the one in which Aristide was reelected in 2000, were marred by alleged irregularities, low voter turnout, and opposition boycotts. Congressional concerns regarding Haiti include fostering stability and democratic development, the cost and effectiveness of U.S. assistance, protection of human rights, improvement of security conditions, combating narcotics trafficking, addressing Haitian migration, and alleviating poverty.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Elections, Constitution, and Government

Afghanistan: Elections, Constitution, and Government

Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: In 2004 and 2005, Afghanistan adopted a permanent constitution and elected a president and a parliament. The parliament is emerging as a significant force in Afghan politics, as shown in debate over a new cabinet proposed in March 2006. However, insurgent violence continues to threaten Afghan stability. See CRS Report RL30588, Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy, by Kenneth Katzman.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peru: 2006 Elections and Issues for Congress

Peru: 2006 Elections and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
527 Political Organizations: Legislation in the 109th Congress

527 Political Organizations: Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: March 31, 2006
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Description: The 109th Congress is examining the role of groups organized under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) that are involved in federal elections but are not operating under the requirements and restrictions of federal election law. Although such groups only recently emerged into public awareness, in 2004, they were widely seen as major players in the presidential election, with more than $400 million spent seeking to influence the outcome. Strictly speaking, the term “527” refers to a section of the Internal Revenue Code, which was added in 1975 to provide tax-exempt status to federal, state, and local political organizations, as defined in that statute. The controversy over these 527 groups arises from two factors: the different definitions used in federal election law and tax law as to what constitutes election-related activity and, further, the lack of certainty as to what election law itself regulates or may permissibly regulate. This report discusses these groups in detail, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Date: March 30, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fatah and Hamas: the New Palestinian Factional Reality

Fatah and Hamas: the New Palestinian Factional Reality

Date: March 3, 2006
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Elections

Palestinian Elections

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: Pina, Aaron D.
Description: Fair and transparent elections are seen by experts and policymakers as a necessary step in Palestinian democratization and for the peace process. Palestinian political reform is an important element in the U.S. policy of promoting democracy, civil society, and good governance in the Middle East. It remains unclear how U.S. policy toward the Palestinian will change now that a designated terrorist organization -- Hamas -- is set to head the government. Some in Congress support restricting or ending economic assistance to the Palestinians so that U.S. aid does not benefit a foreign terrorist organization. Others are wary of initiatives that may weaken Palestinian President Abbas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Elections

Palestinian Elections

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Elections

Palestinian Elections

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Elections

Palestinian Elections

Date: February 9, 2006
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department