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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Zimbabwe: The Power Sharing Agreement and Implications for U.S. Policy

Zimbabwe: The Power Sharing Agreement and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: October 27, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides an overview of Zimbabwe's March 2008 elections. The report discusses the power-sharing agreement, the transitional government, cholera outbreak, international reactions, and U.S. policy on Zimbabwe.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electoral College Reform: 111th Congress Proposals and Other Current Developments

Electoral College Reform: 111th Congress Proposals and Other Current Developments

Date: November 4, 2009
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report examines and analyzes alternative proposals for change to the electoral college system, presents pro and con arguments, and identifies and analyzes 111th Congress proposals and contemporary alternative reform developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: November 4, 2009
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) of 1986, which was enacted to improve absentee registration and voting for this group of voters and to consolidate existing laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: The 2012 Election Reforms

Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: The 2012 Election Reforms

Date: December 10, 2009
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report covers the importance of the democratization of Hong Kong to U.S. foreign policy as well as to Hong Kong itself. It specifically looks at two recent election changes which indicate the Hong Kong government's willingness to press for democratic reforms and also give more power to current government officials over incumbent officials.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Policy After Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: Issues and Options for Congress

Campaign Finance Policy After Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of selected campaign finance policy options that may be relevant to the ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. It also briefly comments on how Citizens United might affect political advertising. A complete understanding of how Citizens United will affect the campaign and policy environments is likely to be unavailable until at least the conclusion of the 2010 election cycle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides background on events leading up to and surrounding Zimbabwe's most recent elections, in March and June 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Kenya, which has long been an important ally of the United States. The report focuses particularly on the December 2007 elections, which many international observers have declared as rigged and deeply flawed. The report also discusses violence that erupted once election results were announced, as well as U.S. efforts to urge Kenya toward election reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe: The Power Sharing Agreement and Implications for U.S. Policy

Zimbabwe: The Power Sharing Agreement and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: February 24, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides an overview of Zimbabwe's March 2008 elections. The report discusses the power-sharing agreement, the transitional government, cholera outbreak, international reactions, and U.S. policy on Zimbabwe.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automated Political Telephone Calls ("Robo Calls") in Federal Campaigns: Overview and Policy Options

Automated Political Telephone Calls ("Robo Calls") in Federal Campaigns: Overview and Policy Options

Date: March 22, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. S. & Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report provides an overview of how automated political calls are used in federal campaigns, including attention to recent spending estimates and polling data regarding these calls. The report also discusses legislation that would affect the calls, with descriptions of various policy options and how the options or their regulation may be related to campaign finance law and to the First Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Burma's 2010 Elections: Implications of the New Constitution and Election Laws

Burma's 2010 Elections: Implications of the New Constitution and Election Laws

Date: April 29, 2010
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the November 7, 2010 parliamentary elections in Burma, which have long been controversial, mainly due to election fraud concerns. The report discusses debates about U.S. policy toward Burma, which has been sparked by the elections and the issues surrounding them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: May 12, 2010
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) of 1986, which was enacted to improve absentee registration and voting for this group of voters and to consolidate existing laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: May 25, 2010
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) of 1986, which was enacted to improve absentee registration and voting for this group of voters and to consolidate existing laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: The 2012 Election Reforms

Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: The 2012 Election Reforms

Date: June 18, 2010
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report covers the importance of the democratization of Hong Kong to U.S. foreign policy as well as to Hong Kong itself. It specifically looks at two recent election changes which indicate the Hong Kong government's willingness to press for democratic reforms and also give more power to current government officials over incumbent officials.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe: Background

Zimbabwe: Background

Date: July 8, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides background on events leading up to and surrounding the country's most recent elections, in March and June 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige; Lunder, Erika K.; Manuel, Kate M.; Maskell, Jack & Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: In Citizens United v. FEC, the Supreme Court invalidated two provisions of the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA), finding that they were unconstitutional under the First Amendment. In response to the Supreme Court's ruling, various proposals have been discussed and legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress. This report provides an analysis of the constitutional and legal issues raised by several proposals, organized by regulatory topic: increasing disclaimer requirements, increasing disclosure for tax-exempt organizations, requiring shareholder notification and approval, restricting U.S. subsidiaries of foreign corporations, restricting political expenditures by government contractors and grantees, taxing corporate independent expenditures, and providing public financing for congressional campaigns. The report also addresses amending the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Date: July 29, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Kenya, which has long been an important ally of the United States. The report focuses particularly on the December 2007 elections, which many international observers have declared as rigged and deeply flawed. The report also discusses violence that erupted once election results were announced, as well as U.S. efforts to urge Kenya toward election reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: August 11, 2010
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA), under which members of the uniformed services and U.S. citizens who live abroad are eligible to register and vote absentee in federal elections. The report discusses recent improvements to UOCAVA, necessary as the result of controversy surrounding ballots received in Florida from absentee voters in the 2000 presidential election. The report also discusses related legislation, such as the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2010, which provided for a major overhaul of UOCAVA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electoral College Reform: 111th Congress Proposals and Other Current Developments

Electoral College Reform: 111th Congress Proposals and Other Current Developments

Date: September 13, 2010
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report examines and analyzes alternative proposals for change within the electoral college, presents pro and con arguments, and identifies and analyzes 111th Congress proposals and contemporary alternative reform developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Beginning and End of the Terms of United States Senators Chosen to Fill Senate Vacancies

Beginning and End of the Terms of United States Senators Chosen to Fill Senate Vacancies

Date: September 28, 2010
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the procedures for when a Senator is chosen to fill a Senate vacancy during a session of Congress, i.e., when the appointed Senator can begin his or her term of office, and how long the Senator remains in office (until the new "Senator-elect" is sworn in and seated by the Senate).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Burma's 2010 Election Campaign: Issues for Congress

Burma's 2010 Election Campaign: Issues for Congress

Date: October 6, 2010
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the November 7, 2010 parliamentary elections in Burma, which have long been controversial, mainly due to election fraud concerns. The report discusses debates about U.S. policy toward Burma, which has been sparked by the elections and the issues surrounding them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Date: October 6, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Kenya, which has long been an important ally of the United States. The report focuses particularly on the December 2007 elections, which many international observers have declared as rigged and deeply flawed. The report also discusses violence that erupted once election results were announced, as well as U.S. efforts to urge Kenya toward election reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: October 6, 2010
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA), under which members of the uniformed services and U.S. citizens who live abroad are eligible to register and vote absentee in federal elections. The report discusses recent improvements to UOCAVA, necessary as teh result of controversy surrounding ballots received in Florida from absentee voters in the 2000 presidential election. The report also discusses related legislation, such as the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2010, which provided for a major overhaul of UOCAVA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Date: October 13, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, as well as the Afghan government. This report also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai, to address corruption within the Afghan government. The report also includes discussion of election fraud and corruption in Afghanistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: October 27, 2010
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA), under which members of the uniformed services and U.S. citizens who live abroad are eligible to register and vote absentee in federal elections. The report discusses recent improvements to UOCAVA, necessary as teh result of controversy surrounding ballots received in Florida from absentee voters in the 2000 presidential election. The report also discusses related legislation, such as the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2010, which provided for a major overhaul of UOCAVA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department