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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Coordinated Party Expenditures in Federal Elections: An Overview

Coordinated Party Expenditures in Federal Elections: An Overview

Date: May 15, 2014
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report examines campaign finance law in the context of political party committee expenditures. It discusses relevant Supreme Court precedent and recent legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige; Lunder, Erika K.; Manuel, Kate M.; Maskell, Jack & Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: In Citizens United v. FEC, the Supreme Court invalidated two provisions of the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA), finding that they were unconstitutional under the First Amendment. In response to the Supreme Court's ruling, various proposals have been discussed and legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress. This report provides an analysis of the constitutional and legal issues raised by several proposals, organized by regulatory topic: increasing disclaimer requirements, increasing disclosure for tax-exempt organizations, requiring shareholder notification and approval, restricting U.S. subsidiaries of foreign corporations, restricting political expenditures by government contractors and grantees, taxing corporate independent expenditures, and providing public financing for congressional campaigns. The report also addresses amending the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil's October 2014 Presidential Election

Brazil's October 2014 Presidential Election

Date: October 22, 2014
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly discusses the results of Brazil's recent elections and potential policy shifts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe: Background

Zimbabwe: Background

Date: July 8, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides background on events leading up to and surrounding the country's most recent elections, in March and June 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Leaders Quash Hong Kong's Hopes for Democratic Election Reforms

China's Leaders Quash Hong Kong's Hopes for Democratic Election Reforms

Date: September 5, 2014
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report briefly discusses a recent decision by China's National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) that places strict conditions on any possible electoral reforms in Hong Kong. The report covers the decision, Hong Kong's response, and options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hugo Chavez's Death: Implications for Venezuela and U.S. Relations

Hugo Chavez's Death: Implications for Venezuela and U.S. Relations

Date: April 9, 2013
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the death of Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, and the implications for U.S.-Venezuelan relations. The report also briefly covers Venezuela's constitutional provisions for presidential oath and absences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Policy After Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: Issues and Options for Congress

Campaign Finance Policy After Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of selected campaign finance policy options that may be relevant to the ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. It also briefly comments on how Citizens United might affect political advertising. A complete understanding of how Citizens United will affect the campaign and policy environments is likely to be unavailable until at least the conclusion of the 2010 election cycle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel After the 2015 Elections: What Does Netanyahu's Victory Mean for U.S. Policy?

Israel After the 2015 Elections: What Does Netanyahu's Victory Mean for U.S. Policy?

Date: March 24, 2015
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report briefly discusses the implications of recent elections in Israel, which has leading candidates that openly differed on how to manage disagreements with the United States and the international community on various matters
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals to Eliminate Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns

Proposals to Eliminate Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns

Date: March 3, 2015
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: Congress is faced with determining whether it wants public financing of presidential campaigns to continue and, if so, how. Proposals to curtail the presidential public financing program have been a consistent theme in recent Congresses. This report provides a brief policy overview and raises potential issues for congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Average Years of Service for Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, 1st - 111th Congresses

Average Years of Service for Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, 1st - 111th Congresses

Date: November 2, 2010
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric & Hemlin, Erin
Description: The average tenure of Members of the Senate and House of Representatives at the beginning of each Congress has varied substantially since 1789. The purpose of this report is to provide a Congress-by-Congress summary of the average years of service for Senators and Representatives for the First through the 111th Congresses. The report contains a brief summary of some of the explanations by political scientists and others for the various changes in the average years of service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department