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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2010
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Contested Election Cases in the House of Representatives: 1933 to 2009

Contested Election Cases in the House of Representatives: 1933 to 2009

Date: November 2, 2010
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: From 1933 to 2009 (the 73rd Congress through the 111th Congress), the U.S. House of Representatives considered 107 contested election cases. The summaries of contested election cases contained in this report focus primarily on the nature of the contest and the disposition of the case. For more detailed information regarding each contest, it is important to consult relevant House records. This report examines only cases considered by the House of Representatives involving the question of whether a Member-elect was duly elected.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electoral College Reform: 111th Congress Proposals and Other Current Developments

Electoral College Reform: 111th Congress Proposals and Other Current Developments

Date: September 13, 2010
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report examines and analyzes alternative proposals for change within the electoral college, presents pro and con arguments, and identifies and analyzes 111th Congress proposals and contemporary alternative reform developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Procedures for Contested Election Cases in the House of Representatives

Procedures for Contested Election Cases in the House of Representatives

Date: November 4, 2010
Creator: Maskell, Jack & Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: Under the U.S. Constitution, each House of Congress has the express authority to be the judge of the "elections and returns" of its own Members. Although initial challenges and recounts for the House are conducted at the state level, under the state's authority to administer federal elections, continuing contests may be presented to the House, which, as the final arbiter, may make a conclusive determination of a claim to the seat. This report describes these procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Beginning and End of the Terms of United States Senators Chosen to Fill Senate Vacancies

Beginning and End of the Terms of United States Senators Chosen to Fill Senate Vacancies

Date: September 28, 2010
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the procedures for when a Senator is chosen to fill a Senate vacancy during a session of Congress, i.e., when the appointed Senator can begin his or her term of office, and how long the Senator remains in office (until the new "Senator-elect" is sworn in and seated by the Senate).
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The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: May 12, 2010
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) of 1986, which was enacted to improve absentee registration and voting for this group of voters and to consolidate existing laws.
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The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues

Date: May 25, 2010
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) of 1986, which was enacted to improve absentee registration and voting for this group of voters and to consolidate existing laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automated Political Telephone Calls ("Robo Calls") in Federal Campaigns: Overview and Policy Options

Automated Political Telephone Calls ("Robo Calls") in Federal Campaigns: Overview and Policy Options

Date: March 22, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. S. & Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report provides an overview of how automated political calls are used in federal campaigns, including attention to recent spending estimates and polling data regarding these calls. The report also discusses legislation that would affect the calls, with descriptions of various policy options and how the options or their regulation may be related to campaign finance law and to the First Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Kenya, which has long been an important ally of the United States. The report focuses particularly on the December 2007 elections, which many international observers have declared as rigged and deeply flawed. The report also discusses violence that erupted once election results were announced, as well as U.S. efforts to urge Kenya toward election reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Average Years of Service for Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, 1st - 111th Congresses

Average Years of Service for Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, 1st - 111th Congresses

Date: November 2, 2010
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric & Hemlin, Erin
Description: The average tenure of Members of the Senate and House of Representatives at the beginning of each Congress has varied substantially since 1789. The purpose of this report is to provide a Congress-by-Congress summary of the average years of service for Senators and Representatives for the First through the 111th Congresses. The report contains a brief summary of some of the explanations by political scientists and others for the various changes in the average years of service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige; Lunder, Erika K.; Manuel, Kate M.; Maskell, Jack & Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: In Citizens United v. FEC, the Supreme Court invalidated two provisions of the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA), finding that they were unconstitutional under the First Amendment. In response to the Supreme Court's ruling, various proposals have been discussed and legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress. This report provides an analysis of the constitutional and legal issues raised by several proposals, organized by regulatory topic: increasing disclaimer requirements, increasing disclosure for tax-exempt organizations, requiring shareholder notification and approval, restricting U.S. subsidiaries of foreign corporations, restricting political expenditures by government contractors and grantees, taxing corporate independent expenditures, and providing public financing for congressional campaigns. The report also addresses amending the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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