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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Legal Analysis and Background on the EPA's Proposed Rules for Regulating Mercury Emissions from Electric Utilities

Legal Analysis and Background on the EPA's Proposed Rules for Regulating Mercury Emissions from Electric Utilities

Date: May 10, 2004
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Economic and Security Changes

Japan's Economic and Security Changes

Date: October 16, 2002
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report provides a snapshot of U.S.-Japan relations, current economic and security challenges facing Japan, and policies being adopted or considered to deal with them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air and New Source Review: Defining Routine Maintenance

Clean Air and New Source Review: Defining Routine Maintenance

Date: January 14, 2004
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) final rule on clarifying the definition of routine maintenance under its New Source Review (NSR) process exempts industrial facilities from undergoing NSR if they are replacing safety, reliability, and efficiency rated components with new, functionally equivalent equipment and if the cost of the replacement components is under 20 percent of the replacement value of the process unit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: A Policy and Legal Analysis

FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: A Policy and Legal Analysis

Date: December 3, 2004
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Feder, Jody
Description: This report examines the legislative debate over giving FDA the authority to regulate tobacco products and provides some analysis of S. 2461/H.R. 4433. It begins with an overview of the FDA’s 1996 tobacco rule that includes a summary of the agency’s arguments for asserting jurisdiction over tobacco products. That is followed by an analysis of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in FDA v. Brown & Williamson, which overturned the FDA tobacco rule. The report then reviews the 1997 proposed national tobacco settlement, which would have codified the FDA rule and given the agency explicit authority to regulate tobacco products as medical devices. It includes a discussion of the FDA provisions in the McCain tobacco bill, which was introduced and debated in the 105th Congress in an attempt to implement the proposed settlement. The final section of the report summarizes the provisions in S. 2461/H.R. 4433 and discusses some of the key issues, including preemption and the regulation of reduced-risk products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Rise of China and Its Effect on Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea: U.S. Policy Choices

The Rise of China and Its Effect on Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea: U.S. Policy Choices

Date: January 13, 2006
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Plan Colombia: A Progress Report

Plan Colombia: A Progress Report

Date: January 11, 2006
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Interest Rates: Causes and Effects

High Interest Rates: Causes and Effects

Date: June 30, 1980
Creator: Leisenring, Carol
Description: This report describes the major market and policy forces that determine the general level of interest rates. The discussion is related to the recent economic experience of high interest rates and inflation, but may be generally applied to any economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development of National Urban Growth and Rural Development Policy: Legislative and Executive Actions in 1970 and 1971

Development of National Urban Growth and Rural Development Policy: Legislative and Executive Actions in 1970 and 1971

Date: March 23, 1972
Creator: Congressional Research Service
Description: The 1970 Acts require the executive branch to submit the reports on the further development of urban growth policy, the location of Federal facilities, acceleration of the availability of government services and financial assistance (among other subjects) in support of rural community development. This report should assist in the evaluation of these submissions received from the President and executive departments and agencies. The report's basic purpose is to place individual legislative actions in the larger context of interrelated national urban and rural development objectives set forth by the Congress. The basic content of this report consists of three major components. The first summarizes 1970 legislative developments at both the State and Federal levels of government concerning contributions being made toward the development of a balanced national growth policy for the United States. The second component describes the actions taken by Congressional committees and the Congress in the first session of the 92nd Congress (1971). The final component is a detailed annotated summary of the published literature of urban and rural development made available in 1971.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Broadcast Indecency: Background and Legal Analysis

Regulation of Broadcast Indecency: Background and Legal Analysis

Date: December 2, 2005
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: May 25, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Effects of Raising National Saving

The Economic Effects of Raising National Saving

Date: October 4, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: Raising the share of income we save is a frequent aim of public policy. That may be particularly apparent in debates about the size of the federal budget deficit, but concerns about the low household saving rate have also prompted policymakers to consider ways to encourage individuals to save more. How much individuals save will directly affect their future economic well-being, but from a macroeconomic perspective, the source of saving — be it households, business, or government — makes no difference. This report presents standard economic analysis of the macroeconomic effects of raising saving.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Topics in Aging: Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2004

Topics in Aging: Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2004

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Whitman, Debra B & Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Conditions

China's Economic Conditions

Date: December 14, 2004
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: China’s economy remained relatively healthy in 2002, despite economic slowdowns in other parts of the world. Foreign investment continued to pour into China, and the Chinese government effectively used public spending to boost the economy. However, painful economic reforms will be necessary to keep the economic strong in 2003 and beyond. The recent outbreak in early 2003 of a very contagious virus called SevereAcuteRespiratory Syndrome (SARS) in China appears to have had a short-term negative impact on the Chinese economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease):  Agricultural Issues for Congress

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease): Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report presents the background and analysis of BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, including the definition. It also discusses the BSE economic and trade implications as well as selected issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: June 14, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

Date: October 5, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: The 9/11 attacks were part of Al Qaeda’s strategy to disrupt Western economies and impose both direct and secondary costs on the United States and other nations. The immediate costs were the physical damage, loss of lives and earnings, slower world economic growth, and capital losses on stock markets. Indirect costs include higher insurance and shipping fees, diversion of time and resources away from enhancing productivity to protecting and insuring property, public loss of confidence, and reduced demand for travel and tourism. In a broader sense, the 9/11 attacks led to the invasions and occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq (and the Global War on Terrorism) and perhaps emboldened terrorists to attack in Bali, Spain, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia. A policy question for Congress is how to evaluate the costs and benefits of further spending to counter terrorism and its economic impact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydropower Licenses and Alternative Licensing Conditions in H.R. 6, 109th Congress

Hydropower Licenses and Alternative Licensing Conditions in H.R. 6, 109th Congress

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Powers, Kyna
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit Union Regulatory Improvements Act of 2005 (CURIA)

Credit Union Regulatory Improvements Act of 2005 (CURIA)

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Smale, Pauline
Description: On May 12, 2005, regulatory modernization legislation for credit unions was introduced as H.R. 2317. The three titles of the Credit Union Regulatory Improvements Act (CURIA) would provide regulatory changes requested by credit union industry advocates. These changes would provide supervisory flexibility to the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), the federal regulator for the credit union industry, enhance the ability of credit unions to provide loans to their members, and ease credit union regulatory burdens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limiting Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Portfolio Size

Limiting Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Portfolio Size

Date: October 21, 2005
Creator: Weiss, Eric
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Term Growth of the U.S. Economy: Significance, Determinants, and Policy

Long-Term Growth of the U.S. Economy: Significance, Determinants, and Policy

Date: June 27, 2005
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Macroeconomic Effects of Hurricane Katrina

The Macroeconomic Effects of Hurricane Katrina

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy

U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy

Date: September 15, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Price Increases in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina: Authority to Limit Price Gouging

Price Increases in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina: Authority to Limit Price Gouging

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Flynn, Aaron M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department