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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

Date: November 7, 2013
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report discusses the G-20, an international forum for discussing and coordinating economic policies among major advanced and emerging economies. Previous summits have, for example, focused on financial regulatory reform, global imbalances, funding for the International Monetary Fund (IMF), voting power of emerging economies in international financial institutions, and fossil fuel subsidies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: January 7, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses how the Federal Reserve (Fed) handles monetary policy, including background information about the execution of monetary policy, the recent and current stance of monetary policy, and current legislation and Congressional oversight that would affect the Fed's practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: December 20, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and Pollutant Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

Clean Water Act and Pollutant Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

Date: January 17, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the total maximum daily load (TMDL) program which regulates pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained; section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. The report focuses on new challenges facing the TMDL program, including more complex TMDLs, larger scale impairments, and nonpoint sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Unconventional Monetary Policy Options

Federal Reserve: Unconventional Monetary Policy Options

Date: February 6, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the Federal Reserve (Fed) unconventional policies in an attempt to reduced the federal funds rate and revive the economy. The Fed has also changed its communication policies since rates reached the zero bound.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides background on China's economic rise, describes its current economic structure, identifies the challenges China faces to maintain economic growth, and discusses the challenges, opportunities, and implications for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report provides a brief outline of the programs created under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), changes made by Congress, and a summary of the current status and estimated costs of the program. It also provides an Appendix that contains detailed discussions of the individual TARP programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the open economy and society of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), provides a general description of the UAE's government and political structure, and outlines the effects of the recent global economic downturn on the UAE in general and on the city of Dubai in particular. It also describes U.S. concern over the proliferation of advanced technology in relation to a recently-signed U.S.-UAE civilian nuclear agreement, due to the UAE economy and the UAE's lax export controls.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: February 10, 2014
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the U.S.-China economic relationship and China's rapid expansion as a global economic market, both with respect to the current global economic crisis. It also examines major U.S.-China trade issues and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options

U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options

Date: February 18, 2014
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report discusses issues regarding U.S.-Japan economic relations, since the economic condition of each nation can affect the world economy and a U.S.-Japan bilateral economic relationship could influence economic conditions in other countries. U.S. and Japanese leaders have several options on how to manage their relationship, including stronger reliance on the World Trade Organization; special bilateral negotiating frameworks and agreements; or a free trade agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bonus Depreciation: Economic and Budgetary Issues

Bonus Depreciation: Economic and Budgetary Issues

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses bonus depreciation as either a temporary stimulus provision or a permanent part of the tax code.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Cooper, William H.; Manyin, Mark E. & Rinehart, Ian E.
Description: This report discusses issues regarding U.S.-Japan economic relations, since the economic condition of each nation can affect the world economy and a U.S.-Japan bilateral economic relationship could influence economic conditions in other countries. U.S. and Japanese leaders have several options on how to manage their relationship, including stronger reliance on the World Trade Organization; special bilateral negotiating frameworks and agreements; or a free trade agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class

The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class

Date: March 10, 2014
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the distribution of household income in the United States and a discussion of "the middle class" in terms of absolute and relative income.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Expensing Allowances: Current Law, Legislative Proposals in the 113th Congress, and Economic Effects

Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Expensing Allowances: Current Law, Legislative Proposals in the 113th Congress, and Economic Effects

Date: April 9, 2014
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines the current status, legislative history, and main economic effects (including their efficacy as an economic stimulus tool) of the Section 179 and bonus depreciation allowances. It also identifies legislative initiatives in the 113th Congress to modify either allowance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Date: April 15, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: The report discusses recently-enacted legislation and legislation introduced in the 113th Congress related to the Federal Reserve (Fed). It also provides information about the potential impact of greater oversight and disclosure on the Fed's independence and its ability to achieve its macroeconomic and financial stability goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report reviews the provisions of S. 2262, highlights the most controversial bill provision, and identifies potential amendments to the bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: April 8, 2014
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. It also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: July 1, 2014
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. It also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: June 1, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses how the Federal Reserve (Fed) handles monetary policy, including background information about the execution of monetary policy, the recent and current stance of monetary policy, and current legislation and Congressional oversight that would affect the Fed's practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment: Issues in the 113th Congress

Unemployment: Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: December 31, 2013
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report addresses three policy issues: whether to take additional measures to increase jobs (or avoid contractionary policies), what measures might be most effective, and how job creation proposals should be financed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Rates and Economic Growth

Tax Rates and Economic Growth

Date: January 2, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report summarizes the evidence on the relationship between tax rates and economic growth, referring in a number of cases to more-detailed CRS reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Chained Consumer Price Index: What Is It and Would It Be Appropriate for Cost-of-Living Adjustments?

The Chained Consumer Price Index: What Is It and Would It Be Appropriate for Cost-of-Living Adjustments?

Date: May 8, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report provides technical and logistical information on how the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) is constructed and reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 3, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report presents the means through which the total debt of the federal government can increase, gives a historical overview of debt limits, and discusses how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department