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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs
The 9/11 attacks were part of Al Qaeda’s strategy to disrupt Western economies and impose both direct and secondary costs on the United States and other nations. The immediate costs were the physical damage, loss of lives and earnings, slower world economic growth, and capital losses on stock markets. Indirect costs include higher insurance and shipping fees, diversion of time and resources away from enhancing productivity to protecting and insuring property, public loss of confidence, and reduced demand for travel and tourism. In a broader sense, the 9/11 attacks led to the invasions and occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq (and the Global War on Terrorism) and perhaps emboldened terrorists to attack in Bali, Spain, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia. A policy question for Congress is how to evaluate the costs and benefits of further spending to counter terrorism and its economic impact. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7725/
Hydropower Licenses and Alternative Licensing Conditions in H.R. 6, 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7787/
Credit Union Regulatory Improvements Act of 2005 (CURIA)
On May 12, 2005, regulatory modernization legislation for credit unions was introduced as H.R. 2317. The three titles of the Credit Union Regulatory Improvements Act (CURIA) would provide regulatory changes requested by credit union industry advocates. These changes would provide supervisory flexibility to the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), the federal regulator for the credit union industry, enhance the ability of credit unions to provide loans to their members, and ease credit union regulatory burdens. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7754/
Limiting Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Portfolio Size
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Long-Term Growth of the U.S. Economy: Significance, Determinants, and Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7691/
The Macroeconomic Effects of Hurricane Katrina
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7648/
U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7584/
Price Increases in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina: Authority to Limit Price Gouging
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7555/
Price Increases in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina: Authority to Limit Price Gouging
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7554/
Social Security and Medicare: The Economic Implications of Current Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7546/
Foreign Outsourcing: Economic Implications and Policy Responses
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Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Markets in Transition: Implications for U.S. Supply and Price
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7381/
Structure and Functions of the Federal Reserve System
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7311/
Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7271/
The “Jobless Recovery” From the 2001 Recession: A Comparison to Earlier Recoveries and Possible Explanations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7067/
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts
This report contains information regarding the Current Economic Conditions, Recent Macroeconomic Developments, Posture of Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Summary of Current Developments, Sources of GDP Growth, Economic Forecasts 2001, and Promotion of Economic Growth. The report also presents statistics regarding the Growth Rate of Real GDP v. Final Sales, Civilian Unemployment Rate, Rate of Change in the Consumer Price Index, Rate of Change in the GDP Deflators, Rate of Change in Labor Costs, U.S. Foreign Trade Deficit, Alternative Measures of Fiscal Policy, The Growth Rates of the Monetary Aggregates, etc. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7253/
The Budget Deficit and the Trade Deficit: What Is Their Relationship?
During the last half of the 1990s, real gross domestic investment rose as a fraction of real GDP. This resulted from the rise in U.S. productivity and the related rise in the real yield on U.S. assets. This drew additional private capital from abroad. If the twin deficits theory is correct, it has an adverse implication for the efficacy of fiscal policy as a stimulus tool. It suggests that in an environment of highly mobile international capital flows the effect of policy induced increases in the structural budget deficit (e.g., tax cuts) on short-run economic growth would be largely offset by increases in the trade deficit. The experience during both the 1980s and 1990s demonstrates that a large and growing trade deficit need not be an impediment to overall job creation even though it may have had an effect on the type of jobs that were created since it affected the composition of U.S. output. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7215/
The Budget Deficit and the Trade Deficit: What Is Their Relationship?
During the last half of the 1990s, real gross domestic investment rose as a fraction of real GDP. This resulted from the rise in U.S. productivity and the related rise in the real yield on U.S. assets. This drew additional private capital from abroad. If the twin deficits theory is correct, it has an adverse implication for the efficacy of fiscal policy as a stimulus tool. It suggests that in an environment of highly mobile international capital flows the effect of policy induced increases in the structural budget deficit (e.g., tax cuts) on short-run economic growth would be largely offset by increases in the trade deficit. The experience during both the 1980s and 1990s demonstrates that a large and growing trade deficit need not be an impediment to overall job creation even though it may have had an effect on the type of jobs that were created since it affected the composition of U.S. output. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7056/
Plan Colombia: A Progress Report
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7183/
Plan Colombia: A Progress Report
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7182/
Plan Colombia: A Progress Report
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U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7135/
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7134/
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7083/
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7082/
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7047/
Honduras: Political and Economic Situation and U.S. Relations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6951/
Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6918/
China's Economic Conditions
China’s economy continues to be a concern to U.S. policymakers. On the one hand, China’s economic growth presents huge opportunities for U.S. exporters. On the other hand, the surge in Chinese exports to the United States has put competitive pressures on many U.S. industries. Many U.S. policymakers have argued that greater efforts should be made to pressure China to fully implement its WTO commitments and to change various economic policies deemed harmful to U.S. economic interests, such as its currency peg and its use of subsidies to support its SOEs. In addition, recent bids by Chinese state-owned firms to purchase various U.S. firms have raised concerns among Members over the impact such acquisitions could have on U.S. national and economic security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6903/
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6901/
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6883/
Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6534/
Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6666/
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts
This report begins with a comprehensive presentation of current economic conditions focusing on income growth, unemployment, and inflation. The posture of monetary and fiscal policy is surveyed as are the forecasts of economic activity. It concludes with data on the factors important for economic growth. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6665/
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts
This report begins with a comprehensive presentation of current economic conditions focusing on income growth, unemployment, and inflation. The posture of monetary and fiscal policy is surveyed as are the forecasts of economic activity. It concludes with data on the factors important for economic growth. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6556/
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts
This report begins with a comprehensive presentation of current economic conditions focusing on income growth, unemployment, and inflation. The posture of monetary and fiscal policy is surveyed as are the forecasts of economic activity. It concludes with data on the factors important for economic growth. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6533/
China's Economic Conditions
China’s economy continues to be a concern to U.S. policymakers. On the one hand, China’s economic growth presents huge opportunities for U.S. exporters. On the other hand, the surge in Chinese exports to the United States has put competitive pressures on many U.S. industries. Many U.S. policymakers have argued that greater efforts should be made to pressure China to fully implement its WTO commitments and to change various economic policies deemed harmful to U.S. economic interests, such as its currency peg and its use of subsidies to support its SOEs. In addition, recent bids by Chinese state-owned firms to purchase various U.S. firms have raised concerns among Members over the impact such acquisitions could have on U.S. national and economic security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6660/
Honduras: Political and Economic Situation and U.S. Relations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6494/
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6406/
Overtime Pay: The Department of Labor Initiative and Congressional Response (2003-2004)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6134/
The Supreme Court Addresses Corps of Engineers Jurisdiction Over "Isolated Waters": The SWANCC Decision
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2045/
Wetlands Regulation and the Law of Property Rights "Takings"
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1350/
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5637/
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5636/
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3605/
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3604/
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs500/
Nationwide Permits for Wetlands Projects: Permit 26 and Other Issues and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1042/
Maritime Economic Deregulation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs818/
Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6319/