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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Regulatory Structure for Egg Safety: Fact Sheet

Federal Regulatory Structure for Egg Safety: Fact Sheet

Date: September 21, 1999
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: This report discusses the federal role in regulating egg safety. Although the egg industry is primarily responsible for ensuring the safety of its products, four federal agencies hold statutory responsibilities for egg safety.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: The Federal Communications Commission adopted an order on June 2, 2003 that modified five of its media ownership rules and retained two others.1 The new rules will go into effect on September 4, 2003 – thirty days after their appearance in the Federal Register. Because of the potential that changes in these rules – which set limits on national television ownership, newspaper-broadcast and radio-television cross-ownership in a market, and ownership of multiple television or radio stations in a market – could have far-reaching effects, a number of bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress that reflect a range of positions on these issues. This report analyzes each of the areas that have changed as a result of the FCC action or may change as a result of congressional action. The various positions in the debate also are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: The Federal Communications Commission adopted an order on June 2, 2003 that modified five of its media ownership rules and retained two others. The new rules were scheduled to go into effect on September 4, 2003, but the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit stayed implementation of the new rules pending adjudication of claims that the rules are unlawful. (Prometheus Radio Project v. FCC, 3rd Cir., No 03-3388, stay issued 9/3/03). Because of the potential that changes in these rules – which set limits on national television ownership, newspaper-broadcast and radio-television cross-ownership in a market, and ownership of multiple television or radio stations in a market – could have far-reaching effects, a number of bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress that reflect a range of positions on these issues. This report analyzes each of the areas that have changed as a result of the FCC action or may change as a result of congressional action. The various positions in the debate also are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve Membership and Monetary Control

Federal Reserve Membership and Monetary Control

Date: January 12, 1981
Creator: White, Roger
Description: This report discusses the current state of monetary policy. Questions about the continued capability of the Federal Reserve System (FRS) to exercise effective monetary control were raised in connection with several developments over recent years that diminished, in relative terms, the deposit component of the stock of money over which the FRS maintained reserve requirement controls. The Monetary Control Act, Title 1 of P.L. 96-221 was designed to ensure that the FRS as ability to conduct monetary policy is not diminished. This Act, signed into law on Mar. 31, 1980, is one of the few major amendments to the original Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: January 31, 2006
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Sensitivity of Small Businesses to Interest Rates: A Cross-Sectional View

The Sensitivity of Small Businesses to Interest Rates: A Cross-Sectional View

Date: May 26, 1982
Creator: McCalip, Bernevia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
TARP Assistance for the U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Unwinding the Government Stake in GMAC

TARP Assistance for the U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Unwinding the Government Stake in GMAC

Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Webel, Baird & Canis, Bill
Description: This report discusses government support given to Ally Financial, formerly known as General Motors Acceptance Corporation (GMAC), which provides auto financing, insurance, online banking, and mortgage and commercial financing. This report looks at how or even it GMAC will be able to pay back the government for Trouble Asset Relief Program (TARP) funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Date: May 18, 2012
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: The Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) was created by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act1 (EESA) enacted on October 3, 2008, to address the ongoing financial crisis. This report provides a brief outline of the programs created under TARP, recent changes made by Congress, and a summary of the current status and estimated costs of the program. It also provides an Appendix that contains detailed discussions of the individual TARP programs. This report will be updated as warranted by market and legislative events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: The Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) was created by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act (EESA) enacted on October 3, 2008 to address the ongoing financial crisis. This report provides a brief outline of the programs created under TARP, recent changes made by Congress, and a summary of the current status and estimated costs of the program. It also provides an Appendix that contains detailed discussions of the individual TARP programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Date: March 4, 2011
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: The Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) was created by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act1 (EESA) enacted on October 3, 2008, to address the ongoing financial crisis. This report provides a brief outline of the programs created under TARP, recent changes made by Congress, and a summary of the current status and estimated costs of the program. It also provides an Appendix that contains detailed discussions of the individual TARP programs. This report will be updated as warranted by market and legislative events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Export Promotion: Overview and Issues for Congress

U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Export Promotion: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: November 19, 2010
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah; Hanrahan, Charles E. & Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of the federal agencies that participate in U.S. export promotion efforts and the issues that they raise for Congress. It proceeds first by discussing the coordination, budgets, and functions of federal government agencies involved in promoting exports. Next, the report provides an overview of the missions and activities of key federal government agencies that support exports. The last section of the report discusses agency-related issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rio+20: The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, June 2012

Rio+20: The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, June 2012

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Leggett, Jane A. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report discusses the purpose of the June 2012 United Nations (U.N.) Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD or “Rio+20”) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It looks at issues that could be addressed during the conference as well as how this conference may differ from the last U.N. Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio in 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rebuilding Household Wealth: Implications for Economic Recovery

Rebuilding Household Wealth: Implications for Economic Recovery

Date: September 13, 2013
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: Report regarding the slower than normal pace of the ongoing economic recovery and the likely role in that of weak consumer spending forced by a sharp loss of household net worth during the recession and the subsequent need to rebuild that lost wealth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Public Works Infrastructure in Economic Stimulus

The Role of Public Works Infrastructure in Economic Stimulus

Date: January 6, 2009
Creator: Copeland, Claudia; Levine, Linda; Mallett, William J. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: Interest in using federal government spending to stimulate U.S. economic recovery has intensified recently in response to indicators showing significant deterioration of the economy. Some policymakers favor using traditional monetary and fiscal policies. Others, however, favor making accelerated investments in the nation's public infrastructure in order to create jobs while also meeting infrastructure needs. This report is an overview of policy issues associated with the approach of using infrastructure as a mechanism for economic stimulus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Saving Rates in the United States: Calculation and Comparison

Saving Rates in the United States: Calculation and Comparison

Date: September 14, 2010
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: The amount of money saved has important economic consequences. Nationally, the amount of saving affects how much can be invested and ultimately the size of the capital stock. This report explains how national saving is measured, presents recent estimates of saving rates in the United States, and, for comparison, provides those of other major industrial countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Broadcast Indecency: Background and Legal Analysis

Regulation of Broadcast Indecency: Background and Legal Analysis

Date: December 2, 2005
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Date: May 25, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides a background of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), financial crisis and the issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nitrogen Oxides and Electric Utilities: Revising the NSPS

Nitrogen Oxides and Electric Utilities: Revising the NSPS

Date: July 25, 1997
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Size and Role of Government: Economic Issues

The Size and Role of Government: Economic Issues

Date: March 5, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses some of the arguments surrounding the proper size of government that are economic in nature, including the questions of what role the state plays in economic activity and how the economy is affected by government intervention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Date: May 27, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A. & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: This is one part in the series of reports that provide a background and analysis, and most recent developments regarding broadband or high-speed Internet access. The report starts out by answering questions; what is broadband and why is it important? This report also discusses broadband technologies, the status of broadband deployment and the related policy issues, as well as the legislation in congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: May 20, 2008
Creator: Gail E. Makinen
Description: This report contains information regarding the Current Economic Conditions, Recent Macroeconomic Developments, Posture of Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Summary of Current Developments, Sources of GDP Growth, Economic Forecasts 2001, and Promotion of Economic Growth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: Lessons from Japan's Lost Decade of the 1990s

The Global Financial Crisis: Lessons from Japan's Lost Decade of the 1990s

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report reviews the major actions by the Japanese government in dealing with its financial crisis and highlights some of the lessons learned from their experience in the 1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve Interest Rate Changes: 2001-2008

Federal Reserve Interest Rate Changes: 2001-2008

Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail E.
Description: The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) decided at its scheduled meeting held on October 29 to lower the target rate for federal funds to 1% from 1½% set at its unscheduled meeting of October 8, 2008. In making its decision to reduce the target, the FOMC stressed the following factors: (1) the pace of economic growth appears to have slowed markedly owing importantly to a softening of consumer spending; (2) business equipment spending and industrial production have weakened; (3) economic slowdowns abroad have dampened the prospects for U.S. exports; (4) intensified strains in financial markets are also likely to further reduce spending; and (5) inflation prospects have improved due to declines in energy and other commodity prices. The next schedule meeting of the FOMC is set for December 11, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Who Are the "Middle Class"?

Who Are the "Middle Class"?

Date: October 22, 2008
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: There is no consensus definition of "middle class," neither is there an official government definition. What constitutes the middle class is relative, subjective, and not easily defined. The mid-point in the distribution is the median, and in 2007 the median household income was $50,233. How far above and below that amount the middle stretches remains an open question. This report explores the various definitions of the middle class and what salary ranges those definitions encompass, as well as related statistics and surveys that support this information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department