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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: History, Perspectives, and Issues

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: History, Perspectives, and Issues

Date: April 3, 2006
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pattern of Interest Rates in 2006: Could It Signal an Impending Recession?

The Pattern of Interest Rates in 2006: Could It Signal an Impending Recession?

Date: February 2, 2006
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

Date: January 22, 1988
Creator: Roth, Dennis M
Description: This report provides discussion over the nature of job growth, the labor market of the 1980s, and the skill and pay ladder.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Effects of Government Expenditures and Revenues on the Economy and Economic Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis

The Effects of Government Expenditures and Revenues on the Economy and Economic Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis

Date: April 5, 2006
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L
Description: Congress passed and the President signed a reconciliation bill (P.L. 109-171) to reduce mandatory spending by $39 billion between FY2006 and FY2010. A revenue reduction reconciliation bill (H.R. 4297) has not been enacted as of the date of this report. Many argue that tax and spending reductions will stimulate economic growth, whereas many others argue that tax cuts will lead to a larger deficit with adverse economic effects and that spending cuts will reduce critical government services. This report examines the effects of government spending and taxation on economic growth and economic well-being by comparing the United States with 20 other industrial Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduras: Political and Economic Situation and U.S. Relations

Honduras: Political and Economic Situation and U.S. Relations

Date: October 13, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: This report discusses the relationship of United States with Honduras, characterized by significant foreign assistance, an important trade partnership, a U.S. military presence in the country, and cooperation on a range of transnational issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: September 22, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Conditions

China's Economic Conditions

Date: July 12, 2006
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: China’s economy continues to be a concern to U.S. policymakers. On the one hand, China’s economic growth presents huge opportunities for U.S. exporters. On the other hand, the surge in Chinese exports to the United States has put competitive pressures on many U.S. industries. Many U.S. policymakers have argued that greater efforts should be made to pressure China to fully implement its WTO commitments and to change various economic policies deemed harmful to U.S. economic interests, such as its currency peg and its use of subsidies to support its SOEs. In addition, recent bids by Chinese state-owned firms to purchase various U.S. firms have raised concerns among Members over the impact such acquisitions could have on U.S. national and economic security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: August 21, 2006
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report discusses monetary policy, which can also be defined in terms of the directives, policies, statements, and actions of the Federal Reserve, particularly those from its Board of Governors that have an effect on aggregate demand or national spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: August 21, 2006
Creator: Makinen, Gail
Description: This report contains information regarding the Current Economic Conditions, Recent Macroeconomic Developments, Posture of Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Summary of Current Developments, Sources of GDP Growth, Economic Forecasts 2001, and Promotion of Economic Growth. The report also presents statistics regarding the Growth Rate of Real GDP v. Final Sales, Civilian Unemployment Rate, Rate of Change in the Consumer Price Index, Rate of Change in the GDP Deflators, Rate of Change in Labor Costs, U.S. Foreign Trade Deficit, Alternative Measures of Fiscal Policy, The Growth Rates of the Monetary Aggregates, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report discusses monetary policy, which can also be defined in terms of the directives, policies, statements, and actions of the Federal Reserve, particularly those from its Board of Governors that have an effect on aggregate demand or national spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Makinen, Gail
Description: This report begins with a comprehensive presentation of current economic conditions focusing on income growth, unemployment, and inflation. The posture of monetary and fiscal policy is surveyed as are the forecasts of economic activity. It concludes with data on the factors important for economic growth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Commodity Futures Modernization Act (P.L. 106-554)

The Commodity Futures Modernization Act (P.L. 106-554)

Date: February 3, 2003
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: The Commodity Futures Modernization Act of 2000 (CFMA) enacted the most sweeping amendments to derivatives law since the creation of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) in 1974. Provisions included major changes in the Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) regarding the regulation of exchange-traded futures contracts, over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives, and “security futures,” contracts based on individual stocks (which were previously prohibited).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Date: September 2, 2003
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Date: May 22, 2006
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: May 24, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is China a Threat to the U.S. Economy?

Is China a Threat to the U.S. Economy?

Date: August 10, 2006
Creator: Elwell, Craig K; Labonte, Marc & Morrison, Wayne M
Description: This report examines the implications (both challenges and opportunities) for the U.S. economy from China’s rapid economic growth and its emergence as a major economic power. It also describes congressional approaches for dealing with various Chinese economic policies deemed damaging to various U.S. economic sectors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Conditions

China's Economic Conditions

Date: July 12, 2006
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: China’s economy continues to be a concern to U.S. policymakers. On the one hand, China’s economic growth presents huge opportunities for U.S. exporters. On the other hand, the surge in Chinese exports to the United States has put competitive pressures on many U.S. industries. Many U.S. policymakers have argued that greater efforts should be made to pressure China to fully implement its WTO commitments and to change various economic policies deemed harmful to U.S. economic interests, such as its currency peg and its use of subsidies to support its SOEs. In addition, recent bids by Chinese state-owned firms to purchase various U.S. firms have raised concerns among Members over the impact such acquisitions could have on U.S. national and economic security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
East Asian Regional Architecture: New Economic and Security Arrangements and U.S. Policy

East Asian Regional Architecture: New Economic and Security Arrangements and U.S. Policy

Date: September 18, 2006
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: The end of the Cold War, the rise of China, globalization, free trade agreements, the war on terror, and an institutional approach to keeping the peace is causing dramatic shifts in relationships among countries in East Asia. A new regional architecture in the form of trade, financial, and political arrangements among countries of East Asia is developing that has significant implications for U.S. interests and policy. This report examines this regional architecture with a focus on China, South Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia. The types of arrangements include bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs), regional trade pacts, currency and monetary arrangements, and political and security arrangements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options

U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options

Date: August 30, 2006
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bolivia: Political and Economic Developments and Relations with the United States

Bolivia: Political and Economic Developments and Relations with the United States

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report includes background information on Bolivia’s political unrest, economic situation, and relations with the United States. In the past few years, Bolivia has experienced extreme political unrest resulting in the country having six presidents since 2001. Under policies of recently-elected leftist-leaning President Evo Morales, Bolivia's relations with neighboring countries, foreign investors, and the United States have been complicated. For some 20 years, U.S. interest in Bolivia has centered on its role as a coca producer and its relationship to Colombia and Peru, the two other major coca- and cocaine-producing countries in the Andes. U.S.-Bolivian relations have become tense in 2006 in the wake of the Morales government's questionable commitment to combating illegal drugs, increasing ties with Venezuela and Cuba, and the nationalization measure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Belarus: Background and U.S. Policy Concerns

Belarus: Background and U.S. Policy Concerns

Date: August 10, 2006
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report discusses the Belarus: Background and U.S. Policy Concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Steel: Price and Policy Issues

Steel: Price and Policy Issues

Date: August 31, 2006
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: August 21, 2006
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report discusses monetary policy, which can also be defined in terms of the directives, policies, statements, and actions of the Federal Reserve, particularly those from its Board of Governors that have an effect on aggregate demand or national spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department