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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Projecting the Surplus: A Discussion of Issues

Projecting the Surplus: A Discussion of Issues

Date: March 26, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Winters, Philip D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Supreme Court Upholds EPA Standard-Setting Under the Clean Air Act:

The Supreme Court Upholds EPA Standard-Setting Under the Clean Air Act:

Date: March 28, 2001
Creator: Meltz, Robert & McCarthy, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: Fiscal 1998 marked the first year that total receipts exceeded outlays in the federal budget since 1969. Since then, the budget has been in surplus and official projections expect the budget to remain in surplus for the foreseeable future. Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline projections indicate that the budget surpluses are expected to grow steadily over the next 10 years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: Fiscal 1998 marked the first year that total receipts exceeded outlays in the federal budget since 1969. Since then, the budget has been in surplus and official projections expect the budget to remain in surplus for the foreseeable future. Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline projections indicate that the budget surpluses are expected to grow steadily over the next 10 years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What if the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences

What if the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences

Date: April 12, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America's Growing Current Account Deficit: Its Cause and What It Means for the Economy

America's Growing Current Account Deficit: Its Cause and What It Means for the Economy

Date: April 19, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report discusses the reasons for the U.S. current account deficit, popularly known as the trade deficit, and which is on the rise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: April 27, 2001
Creator: Makinen, Gail
Description: This report contains information regarding the Current Economic Conditions, Recent Macroeconomic Developments, Posture of Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Summary of Current Developments, Sources of GDP Growth, Economic Forecasts 2001, and Promotion of Economic Growth. The report also presents statistics regarding the Growth Rate of Real GDP v. Final Sales, Civilian Unemployment Rate, Rate of Change in the Consumer Price Index, Rate of Change in the GDP Deflators, Rate of Change in Labor Costs, U.S. Foreign Trade Deficit, Alternative Measures of Fiscal Policy, The Growth Rates of the Monetary Aggregates, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Date: May 1, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D; McCarthy, James E; Fischer, John W; Segarra, Alejandro E & Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: May 18, 2001
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Gilroy, Angele A
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

Date: May 18, 2001
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?

A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?

Date: May 18, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The largest, traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there are too few RNs available today to meet employers’ needs, that is, there is a shortage of nurses at the present time. It also has been estimated that there could well be a shortage of RNs in the not-too-distant future. This report will analyze the labor market conditions facing RNs and their employers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Regulatory Reform: An Overview

Federal Regulatory Reform: An Overview

Date: May 22, 2001
Creator: Garcia, Rogelio
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: May 23, 2001
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insurance Exclusion Clauses: Excluding War Risks and Terror Risks from Insurance Contracts

Insurance Exclusion Clauses: Excluding War Risks and Terror Risks from Insurance Contracts

Date: June 14, 2001
Creator: Jennings, Christopher Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: July 20, 2001
Creator: Makinen, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Banking's Proposed "Know Your Customer" Rules

Banking's Proposed "Know Your Customer" Rules

Date: August 31, 2001
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: On December 7, 1998, federal banking regulators proposed regulations that would have required banks and thrifts to develop formal policies and procedures to identify unusual transactions in customers’ accounts to report as suspicious activity in conjunction with the federal laws outlawing money laundering. Although there were varied proposals before the 106th Congress on the issue, no legislation was enacted. The issue likeliest to command attention in the 107th Congress is international money laundering. There have been recent instances in which banking regulators imposed corrective action, comparable to the Know Your Customer requirements, on several international banking institutions after unearthing potential money laundering activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: September 7, 2001
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule

Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule

Date: September 10, 2001
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report discusses the issue facing Congress on whether to continue to support the executive branch’s prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with marijuana’s status as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medical use of botanical cannabis products by seriously ill persons, especially in states that have created medical marijuana programs under state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants

Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants

Date: October 30, 2001
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation was dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Effects of Spending on Homeland Security

The Economic Effects of Spending on Homeland Security

Date: November 27, 2001
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: One direct result of the terrorist attacks of September 11 is that the cost of domestic security has risen. That increased cost is likely to be in the form of increased outlays on the military, as well as increases in spending for domestic law enforcement, public safety, and private security services. This report briefly discusses the economic effects of this increased cost looks into how security affects GDP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: December 7, 2001
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Conditions

China's Economic Conditions

Date: December 27, 2001
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: Currently, China’s short-term economic outlook is unclear. Economic slowdowns in Asia and the United States in the beginning of 2001 have hurt China’s export industries, and the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks against the United States will likely further dampen foreign demand for Chinese products and could reduce the level of planned foreign investment in China. The Chinese government has used public spending in recent years to boost the economy, and it is likely that it will continue to maintain such policies until the global economy begins to recover.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Current Economic Recession: How Long, How Deep, and How Different From the Past?

The Current Economic Recession: How Long, How Deep, and How Different From the Past?

Date: January 10, 2002
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report examines the current recession and recessions of the previous three decades in detail. It gives a brief overview of the other post-war recessions. It outlines the fiscal and monetary policy response to each recession. It also looks at theories of why recessions occur. The report concludes by asking the question that many commentators in the news have asked recently: is this recession different from the past?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Date: January 10, 2002
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department