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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

Date: June 14, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides background on China's economic rise; describes its current economic structure; identifies the challenges China faces to maintain economic growth; and discusses the challenges, opportunities, and implications of China's economic rise for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: June 11, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations

Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: May 20, 2015
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses various domestic issues in Honduras, including current political, economic and security conditions. The report also examines the implications for U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Date: March 20, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report briefly discusses congressional concerns regarding the Financial Stability Oversight Council's (FSOC) authorization to designate certain non-bank entities as Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFI).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: March 17, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: Economic and trade reforms begun in 1979 have helped transform China into one of the world's fastest-growing economies. This report provides an overview of U.S.-China commercial relations, including major trade disputes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: March 11, 2015
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: March 9, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-China commercial relations, including major trade disputes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: February 9, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of monetary policy and recent developments. It discusses issues for Congress, including transparency and proposals to change the Fed's mandate, and ends with a brief overview of the Fed's regulatory responsibilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Guide to Describing the Income Distribution

A Guide to Describing the Income Distribution

Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: Donovan, Sarah A.
Description: This report provides descriptive analysis of the U.S. income distribution to illustrate various concepts. First, it examines the complexities of income measurement and important definitional and data considerations to bear in mind when using and interpreting income statistics. Next, it describes two popular data sources used to study the U.S. income distribution, followed by sections on statistics commonly used to provide point-in-time analysis and to compare U.S. income across groups, time, and location. The report concludes with an explanation of the Gini index.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China as the World’s “Largest Economy”

China as the World’s “Largest Economy”

Date: January 29, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: Various media have recently reported that China has overtaken the United States to become the world’s largest economy (a position the United States had held at least since 1913), based on estimates of purchasing power parity (PPP) measurements and projections made by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). This report examines the data and its policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Assistance for GMAC/Ally Financial: Unwinding the Government Stake

Government Assistance for GMAC/Ally Financial: Unwinding the Government Stake

Date: January 26, 2015
Creator: Webel, Baird & Canis, Bill
Description: This report discusses government support given to Ally Financial, formerly known as General Motors Acceptance Corporation (GMAC), which provides auto financing, insurance, online banking, and mortgage and commercial financing. This report looks at how -- or even if -- GMAC will be able to pay back the government for Trouble Asset Relief Program (TARP) funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Crisis in Russia

Economic Crisis in Russia

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report briefly examines the economic climate in Russia, providing background information and examining key trends. The report also briefly discusses possible next steps for the Kremlin and potential spillover effects for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance Legislation: Issue Summary and Side-by-Side Analysis

Terrorism Risk Insurance Legislation: Issue Summary and Side-by-Side Analysis

Date: December 11, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: After the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, Congress responded to the disruption in the insurance market by passing the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (TRIA; P.L. 107-297). TRIA created a temporary program, to calm the insurance markets through a government reinsurance backstop sharing in terrorism losses. The current TRIA program expires at the end of 2014. This report briefly outlines the issues involved with terrorism insurance, summarizes the extension legislation, and includes a side-by-side of the current TRIA law and the bills that have been passed by the Senate (S. 2244), reported by the House Committee on Financial Services (H.R. 4871), and passed by the House (S. 2244 with a substitute amendment).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: December 5, 2014
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the U.S.-China economic relationship and China's rapid expansion as a global economic market, both with respect to the current global economic crisis. It also examines major U.S.-China trade issues and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Living Wills": The Legal Regime for Constructing Resolution Plans for Certain Financial Institutions

"Living Wills": The Legal Regime for Constructing Resolution Plans for Certain Financial Institutions

Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Description: One of the chief objectives of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (DFA) is to promote financial stability within the United States, without the need for emergency governmental assistance to troubled firms. To achieve this goal, the DFA establishes a heightened regulatory regime for certain, generally large "covered financial institutions." A pillar of this heightened regulatory regime is that each covered financial institution must submit "credible" plans to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRB) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) detailing how the firm could be quickly resolved in an orderly fashion under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code or other applicable insolvency regime "in the event of a material financial distress or failure." These resolution plans are commonly referred to as "living wills." This report reviews the legal structure of the DFA's living will requirements, pursuant to both DFA Section 165(d) and the regulations and guidance issued jointly by the FRB and FDIC, and explains the August 2014 joint announcement of the FRB and FDIC regarding the inadequacies of the 2013 living wills filed by the 11 largest, most complex financial institutions in the country. This report also examines some of the steps ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the Current State of the Economic Recovery?

What Is the Current State of the Economic Recovery?

Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. economy's recovery from the 2007-2009 recession.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

Date: November 5, 2014
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report discusses the G-20, an international forum for discussing and coordinating economic policies among major advanced and emerging economies. Previous summits have, for example, focused on financial regulatory reform, global imbalances, funding for the International Monetary Fund (IMF), voting power of emerging economies in international financial institutions, and fossil fuel subsidies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

Date: October 9, 2014
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report surveys the rise of China's economy, describes major economic challenges facing China, and discusses the implications of China's economic rise for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: September 25, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the open economy and society of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), provides a general description of the UAE's government and political structure, and outlines the effects of the recent global economic downturn on the UAE in general and on the city of Dubai in particular. It also describes U.S. concern over the proliferation of advanced technology in relation to a recently-signed U.S.-UAE civilian nuclear agreement, due to the UAE economy and the UAE's lax export controls.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: September 24, 2014
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Manyin, Mark E.; Rinehart, Ian E.; Nelson, Rebecca M. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report discusses issues regarding U.S.-Japan economic relations, since the economic condition of each nation can affect the world economy and a U.S.-Japan bilateral economic relationship could influence economic conditions in other countries. U.S. and Japanese leaders have several options on how to manage their relationship, including stronger reliance on the World Trade Organization; special bilateral negotiating frameworks and agreements; or a free trade agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Date: September 19, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of existing Fed oversight and disclosure practices. The report also considers the potential impact of greater oversight and disclosure on the Fed's independence and its ability to achieve its macroeconomic and financial stability goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Systemically Important or "Too Big to Fail" Financial Institutions

Systemically Important or "Too Big to Fail" Financial Institutions

Date: September 19, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the economic issues raised by "too big to fail" (TBTF), the historical experience with TBTF before and during the financial crisis of the 2000s, broad policy options, and policy changes made by the relevant Dodd-Frank provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mongolia: Issues for Congress

Mongolia: Issues for Congress

Date: September 3, 2014
Creator: Lawrence, Susan V.
Description: This report examines current economic and political issues in Mongolia, including the country's democratic development, investment climate, military engagement and foreign relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses congressional concerns regarding the Financial Stability Oversight Council's (FSOC) authorization to designate certain non-bank entities as Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFI).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department