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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Bankruptcy and Business Failure Data

Bankruptcy and Business Failure Data

Date: August 20, 1982
Creator: Scott, Oscar
Description: The purpose of this report is to provide statistical data on the actual number of businesses that are filing for bankruptcy or ceasing operations. Tabular data of both a historical and current nature concerning business failures and bankruptcies is provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Large and Continuing Deficits: Their Influence on Macroeconomic Performance

Large and Continuing Deficits: Their Influence on Macroeconomic Performance

Date: August 1, 1983
Creator: Woodward, G. Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Interest Rates: Causes, Consequences, and Issues

High Interest Rates: Causes, Consequences, and Issues

Date: January 30, 1984
Creator: Dernburg, Thomas F
Description: This paper reviews the causes of the steep interest rate escalation since 1978 and the persistence of high rates during the recent recession and revival.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Solar Energy: The Federal Program and Congressional Interest

Solar Energy: The Federal Program and Congressional Interest

Date: February 16, 1984
Creator: Moore, J. Glen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Should the Federal Government Sponsor a National Lottery?: Some Preliminary Considerations

Should the Federal Government Sponsor a National Lottery?: Some Preliminary Considerations

Date: March 11, 1985
Creator: Shorter, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Date: July 15, 1985
Creator: Grinnell, David & Cox, William A
Description: In 1981 Congress enacted extensive changes in taxing and spending policies that supporters of these changes expected to generate sufficient revenues, despite a series of tax rate cuts, to balance the budget by FY84. After the onset of recession in early 1982, however, the Reagan Administration's projections showed widening budget deficits, which culminated in an actual FY83 deficit of $195.4 billion. Despite enactment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982, and, more recently, the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984, large deficits are expected to persist, even under continued favorable economic conditions, unless Federal taxing and spending policies are altered dramatically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Balanced Budget Proposal: Some Macroeconomic Implications

The Balanced Budget Proposal: Some Macroeconomic Implications

Date: July 29, 1985
Creator: Henderson, John B
Description: This brief report outlines some possible macroeconomic implications of observing a statutory or constitutional commitment to balance the Federal budget. It does not address the legal questions about the proposal or their implementation, nor the economic and political questions related to decisions about the level of Federal revenues or expenditures. On the latter, its analysis refers to revenue and expenditure levels, in relation to total national product, typical of recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Compatibility for Federal White-Collar Workers

Pay Compatibility for Federal White-Collar Workers

Date: August 7, 1985
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exchange Rates: The Dollar in International Markets

Exchange Rates: The Dollar in International Markets

Date: April 17, 1987
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: Mainstream economic theory suggests that U.S. budget deficit was the main cause of the dollar appreciation between 1980 and early 1985. The high budget deficit forced the U.S. Government to compete against the private sector for available savings, raising interest rates in the United States. In response, net capital inflows to the United States increased, the demand for dollars on the foreign exchange market went up, and the dollar appreciated. Restrictive budgets and loose monetary policies abroad, both of which kept interest rates low abroad, also contributed to the dollar’s appreciation on over this period.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bank Failures: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Bank Failures: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Date: July 14, 1987
Creator: Smale, Pauline
Description: During the 1980s the U.S. banking industry has experienced a rapidly growing number of failures. Many factors have contributed to this trend including deregulation, technology, individual bank management, and economic conditions. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) handles insured bank failures. Congress has been monitoring the recent trend and is concerned with the FDIC’s ability to continue to perform its supervisory and insurance operations. The present situation, information on key factors affecting the banking industry, and the FDIC’s role when a bank fails is discussed in this report. The reference section of this issue brief contains a list of CRS products providing background on the FDIC and legislative issues relevant to the agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Date: September 16, 1987
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report discusses the reduction of federal budget deficit and the effect on the rise of interest rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

Date: January 22, 1988
Creator: Roth, Dennis M
Description: This report provides discussion over the nature of job growth, the labor market of the 1980s, and the skill and pay ladder.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

Date: January 22, 1988
Creator: Roth, Dennis M
Description: This report provides discussion over the nature of job growth, the labor market of the 1980s, and the skill and pay ladder.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Date: June 26, 1989
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: Japan has made considerable progress in opening its economy to imports, but significant obstacles remain. This report analyzes the underlying causes of Japan's market protection and assesses the prospects for Japan moving in the direction of greater market openness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Prospects After Tiananmen Square: Current Conditions, Future Scenarios, and a Survey of Expert Opinion

China's Prospects After Tiananmen Square: Current Conditions, Future Scenarios, and a Survey of Expert Opinion

Date: January 15, 1991
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry; Kan, Shirley A & Sutter, Robert G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Delaney Clause: The Dilemma of Regulating Health Risk for Pesticide Residues

The Delaney Clause: The Dilemma of Regulating Health Risk for Pesticide Residues

Date: November 9, 1992
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: Under the authority of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for establishing tolerances for pesticide residues in or on foods and feeds. Tolerances are legal limits to the amount of pesticide residues that can be found on a raw agricultural commodity at the farm gate or in a processed food. The FFDCA has two sections, 408 and 409, which set up different and inconsistent criteria for setting tolerances for pesticide residues in foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Living Standards Compared to Those of Six Other Industrialized Nations

U.S. Living Standards Compared to Those of Six Other Industrialized Nations

Date: March 2, 1993
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Delaney Dilemma: Regulating Pesticide Residues in Foods -- Seminar Proceedings, March 16, 1993

The Delaney Dilemma: Regulating Pesticide Residues in Foods -- Seminar Proceedings, March 16, 1993

Date: May 19, 1993
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: A provision in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Delaney Clause, appears to lower risks in the setting of tolerances for pesticide residues. It prohibits any substance from being added to processed foods if it induces cancer in man or animals. In reality, the provision created a dilemma because the zero-risk statute makes it difficult to regulate pesticides. Because of the prescription of Delaney, tolerances (legal limits) are established differently for carcinogens and non-carcinogens and in raw and processed foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade, Competitiveness, and International Economic Policy: A Bibliography of CRS Products

Trade, Competitiveness, and International Economic Policy: A Bibliography of CRS Products

Date: June 15, 1993
Creator: Howe, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA: A Broad Economic Perspective

NAFTA: A Broad Economic Perspective

Date: November 9, 1993
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China in Transition: Changing Conditions and Implications for U.S. Interests

China in Transition: Changing Conditions and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: December 20, 1993
Creator: Sutter, Robert G; Kan, Shirley A & Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Economy: From Bubble to Bust

Japan's Economy: From Bubble to Bust

Date: March 8, 1994
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Budget: Role in Economic Policymaking

Japan's Budget: Role in Economic Policymaking

Date: March 29, 1994
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Competitiveness: Economic Issue or Illusion?

Competitiveness: Economic Issue or Illusion?

Date: May 5, 1994
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department