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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Low Power FM Radio Service: Regulatory and Congressional Issues

Low Power FM Radio Service: Regulatory and Congressional Issues

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Bass, Gwenell L & Nunno, Richard M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authority of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to Fix Electricity Rates and Charges and to Require Refund Payments by a Public Utility

Authority of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to Fix Electricity Rates and Charges and to Require Refund Payments by a Public Utility

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V
Description: Sections 205 and 206 of the Federal Power Act concern rates and charges collected by a public utility in transmitting or selling electric energy in interstate commerce. These rates and charges are required to be just and reasonable. States retain jurisdiction over facilities for generation, distribution, or transmission of electric energy in intrastate commerce. The Commission has the authority to determine that an existing rate is unjust or unreasonable and set a new rate. In certain situations Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) may have authority to refund amounts paid in excess of just and reasonable rates. Case law is useful in determining when such a situation may exist.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Gilroy, Angele A
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rising Oil Prices: What Dangers Do They Pose for the Economy?

Rising Oil Prices: What Dangers Do They Pose for the Economy?

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Trade Deficit in 1999: Recent Trends and Policy Options

The U.S. Trade Deficit in 1999: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D; McCarthy, James E; Fischer, John W; Segarra, Alejandro E & Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Protection and Managed Care: Legislation in the 106th Congress

Patient Protection and Managed Care: Legislation in the 106th Congress

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: Improper ergonomic design of jobs is one of the leading causes of work-related illness, accounting for perhaps a third of employers’ costs under state workers’ compensation laws. Due to the wide variety of circumstances, however, any comprehensive standard would probably have to be complex and costly, while scientific understanding of the problem is not complete.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Development Administration: Overview and Issues

Economic Development Administration: Overview and Issues

Date: January 17, 2001
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K
Description: The Economic Development Administration (EDA), targeted for elimination or major “reinvention” early in the 104th Congress, gained a new lease on life in the waning days of the 105th. Having been kept alive via appropriations bills since its last authorizing legislation expired in 1982, P.L. 105-393 reauthorized the EDA and its programs for 5 years. On October 27, Congress approved a conference agreement recommending $286.7 million for EDAP and $28 million for S&E, for a totalFY2001 appropriation of$411.9 million for EDA. It became part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act (H.R. 4942, P.L. 106-553) signed into law on December 21, 2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Long-Term Growth Rate: Has it Increased?

The U.S. Long-Term Growth Rate: Has it Increased?

Date: January 18, 2001
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The New Economic Paradigm: Is It New and Is It a Paradigm?

The New Economic Paradigm: Is It New and Is It a Paradigm?

Date: January 19, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Regulatory Reform: An Overview

Federal Regulatory Reform: An Overview

Date: January 24, 2001
Creator: Garcia, Rogelio
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Does the U.S. Serve as the World Economy's Engine of Growth?

Does the U.S. Serve as the World Economy's Engine of Growth?

Date: February 14, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report examines three fundamental points implicit in the "engine of growth" argument. First, it questions whether the current account deficit is caused by strong U.S. growth and weak foreign growth. Second, it examines whether foreign growth is dependent on U.S. imports and the maintenance of a large U.S. current account deficit. Finally, it reviews the proposition that a U.S. recession would cause a world recession by lowering U.S. import demand. The report concludes that to make the final argument persuasive, other factors need to come into play, such as deteriorating expectations, financial crisis, or slow economic adjustment. These other factors seem unlikely to occur in the context of slowing U.S. growth, but they are possible in a recession.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uncertainty in Budget Projections

Uncertainty in Budget Projections

Date: February 14, 2001
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Supreme Court Addresses Corps of Engineers Jurisdiction Over "Isolated Waters": The SWANCC Decision

The Supreme Court Addresses Corps of Engineers Jurisdiction Over "Isolated Waters": The SWANCC Decision

Date: February 16, 2001
Creator: Meltz, Robert & Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking: A Brief Overview and Assessment After Five Years

Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking: A Brief Overview and Assessment After Five Years

Date: March 6, 2001
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton
Description: This report will provide a brief explanation of how the review scheme was expected to operate and describe how it has in fact been utilized. The possible reasons for the limited use of the formal review mechanism thus far are assessed and congressional remedial proposals and other options are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 19, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Development Administration: Overview and Issues

Economic Development Administration: Overview and Issues

Date: March 23, 2001
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K
Description: The Economic Development Administration (EDA), targeted for elimination or major "reinvention" early in the 104th Congress, gained a new lease on life in the waning days of the 105th. Having been kept alive via appropriations bills since its last authorizing legislation expired in 1982, P.L. 105-393 reauthorized the EDA and its programs for 5 years
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Projecting the Surplus: A Discussion of Issues

Projecting the Surplus: A Discussion of Issues

Date: March 26, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Winters, Philip D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Supreme Court Upholds EPA Standard-Setting Under the Clean Air Act:

The Supreme Court Upholds EPA Standard-Setting Under the Clean Air Act:

Date: March 28, 2001
Creator: Meltz, Robert & McCarthy, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: Fiscal 1998 marked the first year that total receipts exceeded outlays in the federal budget since 1969. Since then, the budget has been in surplus and official projections expect the budget to remain in surplus for the foreseeable future. Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline projections indicate that the budget surpluses are expected to grow steadily over the next 10 years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: Fiscal 1998 marked the first year that total receipts exceeded outlays in the federal budget since 1969. Since then, the budget has been in surplus and official projections expect the budget to remain in surplus for the foreseeable future. Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline projections indicate that the budget surpluses are expected to grow steadily over the next 10 years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department