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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Authority of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to Fix Electricity Rates and Charges and to Require Refund Payments by a Public Utility

Authority of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to Fix Electricity Rates and Charges and to Require Refund Payments by a Public Utility

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V
Description: Sections 205 and 206 of the Federal Power Act concern rates and charges collected by a public utility in transmitting or selling electric energy in interstate commerce. These rates and charges are required to be just and reasonable. States retain jurisdiction over facilities for generation, distribution, or transmission of electric energy in intrastate commerce. The Commission has the authority to determine that an existing rate is unjust or unreasonable and set a new rate. In certain situations Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) may have authority to refund amounts paid in excess of just and reasonable rates. Case law is useful in determining when such a situation may exist.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Gilroy, Angele A
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rising Oil Prices: What Dangers Do They Pose for the Economy?

Rising Oil Prices: What Dangers Do They Pose for the Economy?

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Trade Deficit in 1999: Recent Trends and Policy Options

The U.S. Trade Deficit in 1999: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D; McCarthy, James E; Fischer, John W; Segarra, Alejandro E & Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Protection and Managed Care: Legislation in the 106th Congress

Patient Protection and Managed Care: Legislation in the 106th Congress

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: Improper ergonomic design of jobs is one of the leading causes of work-related illness, accounting for perhaps a third of employers’ costs under state workers’ compensation laws. Due to the wide variety of circumstances, however, any comprehensive standard would probably have to be complex and costly, while scientific understanding of the problem is not complete.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Development Administration: Overview and Issues

Economic Development Administration: Overview and Issues

Date: January 17, 2001
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K
Description: The Economic Development Administration (EDA), targeted for elimination or major “reinvention” early in the 104th Congress, gained a new lease on life in the waning days of the 105th. Having been kept alive via appropriations bills since its last authorizing legislation expired in 1982, P.L. 105-393 reauthorized the EDA and its programs for 5 years. On October 27, Congress approved a conference agreement recommending $286.7 million for EDAP and $28 million for S&E, for a totalFY2001 appropriation of$411.9 million for EDA. It became part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act (H.R. 4942, P.L. 106-553) signed into law on December 21, 2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department