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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Depreciating Dollar: Economic Effects and Policy Response

The Depreciating Dollar: Economic Effects and Policy Response

Date: July 17, 2008
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: This report addresses the concern about the health of the U.S. economy regarding the depreciation of the dollar and examines the likely reasons for the dollar's fall, the effects the depreciating currency could have on the economy, and possible policy responses that could be considered to attempt to alter the dollar's path if needed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: February 26, 2013
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (TRIA). TRIA created a temporary three-year Terrorism Insurance Program in which the government would share some of the losses with private insurers should a foreign terrorist attack occur.
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A Guide to Describing the Income Distribution

A Guide to Describing the Income Distribution

Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: Donovan, Sarah A.
Description: This report provides descriptive analysis of the U.S. income distribution to illustrate various concepts. First, it examines the complexities of income measurement and important definitional and data considerations to bear in mind when using and interpreting income statistics. Next, it describes two popular data sources used to study the U.S. income distribution, followed by sections on statistics commonly used to provide point-in-time analysis and to compare U.S. income across groups, time, and location. The report concludes with an explanation of the Gini index.
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The Future of U.S. Trade Policy: An Analysis of Issues and Options for the 111th Congress

The Future of U.S. Trade Policy: An Analysis of Issues and Options for the 111th Congress

Date: March 24, 2010
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report provides analysis of U.S. trade policy including factors that make up the current economic and political climate, grade issues, the depate over U.S. trade policy. It concludes with an examination of some of the options available to Congress and the pros and cons of each.
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An Analysis of the Distribution of Wealth Across Households, 1989-2010

An Analysis of the Distribution of Wealth Across Households, 1989-2010

Date: July 17, 2012
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The distribution of wealth (net worth) across households has been an underlying consideration in congressional deliberations on various issues, including taxation and social welfare. This report analyzes the change over time in the concentration of net worth (assets minus liabilities) to help inform those policy deliberations.
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The American Community Survey: Development, Implementation, and Issues for Congress

The American Community Survey: Development, Implementation, and Issues for Congress

Date: July 17, 2013
Creator: Williams, Jennifer D.
Description: Report that discusses the American Community Survey (ACS) and the gathering of detailed socioeconomic and housing data from a representative population sample in conjunction with the once-a-decade count of the population of the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2013 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: June 6, 2012
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The legislative branch appropriations bill provides funding for the Senate; House of Representatives; Joint Items; Capitol Police; Office of Compliance; Congressional Budget Office; Architect of the Capitol; Library of Congress, including the Congressional Research Service; Government Printing Office; Government Accountability Office; and Open World Leadership Center. The legislative branch FY2013 budget request of $4.512 billion, which is submitted to the President by the legislative branch agencies and entities and included in the budget without change, was submitted to Congress on February 13, 2012. The request represents an increase of $205.5 million over the $4.307 billion in discretionary funding provided in Division G of the FY2012 Consolidated Appropriations Act, which was enacted on December 23, 2011.
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American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5): Title V, Medicaid Provisions

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5): Title V, Medicaid Provisions

Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: Binder, Cliff; Baumrucker, Evelyne P.; Grady, April & Herz, Elicia J.
Description: In addition to reducing some taxes and funding infrastructure projects, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) provisions were designed to provide: temporary support to families and individuals by increasing unemployment compensation benefits; financial assistance for individuals to maintain their health coverage under provisions in the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA); temporary increases in Medicaid matching rates; and increases in disproportionate share hospital allotments. This report is a summary of ARRA's Medicaid provisions.
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High Interest Rates: Causes, Consequences, and Issues

High Interest Rates: Causes, Consequences, and Issues

Date: January 30, 1984
Creator: Dernburg, Thomas F
Description: This paper reviews the causes of the steep interest rate escalation since 1978 and the persistence of high rates during the recent recession and revival.
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High Interest Rates: Causes and Effects

High Interest Rates: Causes and Effects

Date: June 30, 1980
Creator: Leisenring, Carol
Description: This report describes the major market and policy forces that determine the general level of interest rates. The discussion is related to the recent economic experience of high interest rates and inflation, but may be generally applied to any economic environment.
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Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: June 28, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
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Negative Interest Rates

Negative Interest Rates

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: In a few foreign economies, including the euro area, Switzerland, and Japan, central banks have purposely set some short-term interest rates used to carry out monetary policy at negative levels. This report briefly discusses the reasons behind this phenomenon.
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Federal Reserve: Unconventional Monetary Policy Options

Federal Reserve: Unconventional Monetary Policy Options

Date: February 6, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the Federal Reserve (Fed) unconventional policies in an attempt to reduced the federal funds rate and revive the economy. The Fed has also changed its communication policies since rates reached the zero bound.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides background on China's economic rise, describes its current economic structure, identifies the challenges China faces to maintain economic growth, and discusses the challenges, opportunities, and implications for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Expensing Allowances: Current Law, Legislative Proposals in the 113th Congress, and Economic Effects

Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Expensing Allowances: Current Law, Legislative Proposals in the 113th Congress, and Economic Effects

Date: April 9, 2014
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines the current status, legislative history, and main economic effects (including their efficacy as an economic stimulus tool) of the Section 179 and bonus depreciation allowances. It also identifies legislative initiatives in the 113th Congress to modify either allowance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Date: April 15, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: The report discusses recently-enacted legislation and legislation introduced in the 113th Congress related to the Federal Reserve (Fed). It also provides information about the potential impact of greater oversight and disclosure on the Fed's independence and its ability to achieve its macroeconomic and financial stability goals.
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S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report reviews the provisions of S. 2262, highlights the most controversial bill provision, and identifies potential amendments to the bill.
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Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: April 8, 2014
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. It also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
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Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: July 1, 2014
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. It also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment: Issues in the 113th Congress

Unemployment: Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: December 31, 2013
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report addresses three policy issues: whether to take additional measures to increase jobs (or avoid contractionary policies), what measures might be most effective, and how job creation proposals should be financed.
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Tax Rates and Economic Growth

Tax Rates and Economic Growth

Date: January 2, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report summarizes the evidence on the relationship between tax rates and economic growth, referring in a number of cases to more-detailed CRS reports.
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The Chained Consumer Price Index: What Is It and Would It Be Appropriate for Cost-of-Living Adjustments?

The Chained Consumer Price Index: What Is It and Would It Be Appropriate for Cost-of-Living Adjustments?

Date: May 8, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report provides technical and logistical information on how the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) is constructed and reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
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The U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options

The U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options

Date: July 12, 2010
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: The first part of this report explains the fundamental macroeconomic forces that cause a trade imbalance (deficit or surplus). In light of those fundamental forces, the report then evaluates the most common economic concerns about trade deficits. Finally, the report examines the efficacy of alternative policy responses to trade imbalances and the economic forces that generate them.
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Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Date: July 22, 2010
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: This report looks at how Congress has been proactive in helping the economy recover after the 2008-2009 recession, as well as how it can help to keep recessions at bay in the future. Issues include typical post-war recessions, insufficient pace of private spending, and the long-term debt problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department