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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

Date: October 5, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: The 9/11 attacks were part of Al Qaeda’s strategy to disrupt Western economies and impose both direct and secondary costs on the United States and other nations. The immediate costs were the physical damage, loss of lives and earnings, slower world economic growth, and capital losses on stock markets. Indirect costs include higher insurance and shipping fees, diversion of time and resources away from enhancing productivity to protecting and insuring property, public loss of confidence, and reduced demand for travel and tourism. In a broader sense, the 9/11 attacks led to the invasions and occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq (and the Global War on Terrorism) and perhaps emboldened terrorists to attack in Bali, Spain, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia. A policy question for Congress is how to evaluate the costs and benefits of further spending to counter terrorism and its economic impact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2001 and 2003 Bush Tax Cuts and Deficit Reduction

The 2001 and 2003 Bush Tax Cuts and Deficit Reduction

Date: July 18, 2012
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report uses the context of the current and long-term economic environment to examine the tax cuts implemented by the George W. Bush Administration, including the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report reviews the provisions of S. 2262, highlights the most controversial bill provision, and identifies potential amendments to the bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Date: September 2, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The extent to which emissions from motor vehicles and the amount of sulfur in commercial gasoline should be regulated has become a controversial issue. The EPA is proposing national limits on gasoline sulfur levels which would become effective in 2004. This report provides background information on the regulation of vehicle emissions in the United States, analyzes key elements of the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Tier 2 proposal, summarizes major views on the proposal that have been expressed by the automobile industry, the oil refining industry, and some environmental organizations, and discusses relevant legislative activity in the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues

Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues

Date: January 4, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: This report provides background information on federal emission standards for motor vehicles under the Clean Air Act and stricter standards originally developed to address the severity of air quality problems in California, explains the low emission standards and flexible compliance mechanisms to which states and manufacturers have voluntarily agreed under the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program, discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) estimates of the program's air quality benefits and costs, and examines regulatory issues related to its implementation including sulfur levels in gasoline and the relative stringency of emission standards for light trucks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Algeria: Current Issues

Algeria: Current Issues

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report examines the current state of Algeria, including the country's associations with terrorism, despite steady decreases of domestic terrorism; the lessening in power of the Algerian military; and growing oil revenues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Community Survey: Development, Implementation, and Issues for Congress

The American Community Survey: Development, Implementation, and Issues for Congress

Date: July 17, 2013
Creator: Williams, Jennifer D.
Description: Report that discusses the American Community Survey (ACS) and the gathering of detailed socioeconomic and housing data from a representative population sample in conjunction with the once-a-decade count of the population of the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America's Growing Current Account Deficit: Its Cause and What It Means for the Economy

America's Growing Current Account Deficit: Its Cause and What It Means for the Economy

Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report discusses the reasons for the U.S. current account deficit, popularly known as the trade deficit, and which is on the rise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America's Growing Current Account Deficit: Its Cause and What It Means for the Economy

America's Growing Current Account Deficit: Its Cause and What It Means for the Economy

Date: April 19, 2001
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report discusses the reasons for the U.S. current account deficit, popularly known as the trade deficit, and which is on the rise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America's Growing Current Account Deficit: Its Cause and What It Means for the Economy

America's Growing Current Account Deficit: Its Cause and What It Means for the Economy

Date: December 27, 2002
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report discusses the reasons for the U.S. current account deficit, popularly known as the trade deficit, and which is on the rise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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