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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Commodity Futures Modernization Act (P.L. 106-554)

The Commodity Futures Modernization Act (P.L. 106-554)

Date: February 3, 2003
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: The Commodity Futures Modernization Act of 2000 (CFMA) enacted the most sweeping amendments to derivatives law since the creation of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) in 1974. Provisions included major changes in the Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) regarding the regulation of exchange-traded futures contracts, over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives, and “security futures,” contracts based on individual stocks (which were previously prohibited).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: February 3, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Deficit and the Trade Deficit: What Is Their Relationship?

The Budget Deficit and the Trade Deficit: What Is Their Relationship?

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: During the last half of the 1990s, real gross domestic investment rose as a fraction of real GDP. This resulted from the rise in U.S. productivity and the related rise in the real yield on U.S. assets. This drew additional private capital from abroad. If the twin deficits theory is correct, it has an adverse implication for the efficacy of fiscal policy as a stimulus tool. It suggests that in an environment of highly mobile international capital flows the effect of policy induced increases in the structural budget deficit (e.g., tax cuts) on short-run economic growth would be largely offset by increases in the trade deficit. The experience during both the 1980s and 1990s demonstrates that a large and growing trade deficit need not be an impediment to overall job creation even though it may have had an effect on the type of jobs that were created since it affected the composition of U.S. output.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Cuts and Economic Stimulus: How Effective Are the Alternatives?

Tax Cuts and Economic Stimulus: How Effective Are the Alternatives?

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Conditions

China's Economic Conditions

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: China’s economy remained relatively healthy in 2002, despite economic slowdowns in other parts of the world. Foreign investment continued to pour into China, and the Chinese government effectively used public spending to boost the economy. However, painful economic reforms will be necessary to keep the economic strong in 2003 and beyond. The recent outbreak in early 2003 of a very contagious virus called SevereAcuteRespiratory Syndrome (SARS) in China appears to have had a short-term negative impact on the Chinese economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Spending or Tax Reduction: Which Might Add More Stimulus to the Economy?

Government Spending or Tax Reduction: Which Might Add More Stimulus to the Economy?

Date: January 28, 2003
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insurance Regulation and Competition: Background and Issues

Insurance Regulation and Competition: Background and Issues

Date: January 28, 2003
Creator: Cobb, Carolyn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Date: January 23, 2003
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: Improper ergonomic design of jobs is one of the leading causes of work-related illness, accounting for perhaps a third of employers’ costs under state workers’ compensation laws. Due to the wide variety of circumstances, however, any comprehensive standard would probably have to be complex and costly, while scientific understanding of the problem is not complete.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts

Date: January 23, 2003
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Lum, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Noise Abatement and Control: An Overview of Federal Standards and Regulations

Noise Abatement and Control: An Overview of Federal Standards and Regulations

Date: January 13, 2003
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department