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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Date: September 16, 1987
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report discusses the reduction of federal budget deficit and the effect on the rise of interest rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

Date: January 22, 1988
Creator: Roth, Dennis M
Description: This report provides discussion over the nature of job growth, the labor market of the 1980s, and the skill and pay ladder.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

Date: January 22, 1988
Creator: Roth, Dennis M
Description: This report provides discussion over the nature of job growth, the labor market of the 1980s, and the skill and pay ladder.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Date: June 26, 1989
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: Japan has made considerable progress in opening its economy to imports, but significant obstacles remain. This report analyzes the underlying causes of Japan's market protection and assesses the prospects for Japan moving in the direction of greater market openness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Prospects After Tiananmen Square: Current Conditions, Future Scenarios, and a Survey of Expert Opinion

China's Prospects After Tiananmen Square: Current Conditions, Future Scenarios, and a Survey of Expert Opinion

Date: January 15, 1991
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry; Kan, Shirley A & Sutter, Robert G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Delaney Clause: The Dilemma of Regulating Health Risk for Pesticide Residues

The Delaney Clause: The Dilemma of Regulating Health Risk for Pesticide Residues

Date: November 9, 1992
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: Under the authority of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for establishing tolerances for pesticide residues in or on foods and feeds. Tolerances are legal limits to the amount of pesticide residues that can be found on a raw agricultural commodity at the farm gate or in a processed food. The FFDCA has two sections, 408 and 409, which set up different and inconsistent criteria for setting tolerances for pesticide residues in foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Living Standards Compared to Those of Six Other Industrialized Nations

U.S. Living Standards Compared to Those of Six Other Industrialized Nations

Date: March 2, 1993
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Delaney Dilemma: Regulating Pesticide Residues in Foods -- Seminar Proceedings, March 16, 1993

The Delaney Dilemma: Regulating Pesticide Residues in Foods -- Seminar Proceedings, March 16, 1993

Date: May 19, 1993
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: A provision in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Delaney Clause, appears to lower risks in the setting of tolerances for pesticide residues. It prohibits any substance from being added to processed foods if it induces cancer in man or animals. In reality, the provision created a dilemma because the zero-risk statute makes it difficult to regulate pesticides. Because of the prescription of Delaney, tolerances (legal limits) are established differently for carcinogens and non-carcinogens and in raw and processed foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade, Competitiveness, and International Economic Policy: A Bibliography of CRS Products

Trade, Competitiveness, and International Economic Policy: A Bibliography of CRS Products

Date: June 15, 1993
Creator: Howe, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA: A Broad Economic Perspective

NAFTA: A Broad Economic Perspective

Date: November 9, 1993
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China in Transition: Changing Conditions and Implications for U.S. Interests

China in Transition: Changing Conditions and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: December 20, 1993
Creator: Sutter, Robert G; Kan, Shirley A & Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Economy: From Bubble to Bust

Japan's Economy: From Bubble to Bust

Date: March 8, 1994
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Budget: Role in Economic Policymaking

Japan's Budget: Role in Economic Policymaking

Date: March 29, 1994
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Competitiveness: Economic Issue or Illusion?

Competitiveness: Economic Issue or Illusion?

Date: May 5, 1994
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Korea's Economy and Trade

South Korea's Economy and Trade

Date: July 15, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Looming Bank Crisis: A Half Trillion Dollars in Non-Performing Loans?

Japan's Looming Bank Crisis: A Half Trillion Dollars in Non-Performing Loans?

Date: August 19, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Aid: Implementing the Assistance Program, 1992-1994

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Aid: Implementing the Assistance Program, 1992-1994

Date: January 18, 1995
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: In fiscal year 1994, the new states of the former Soviet Union became collectively the second largest recipient of U.S. foreign assistance made available from all sources. Whether and how the assistance program is helping to bring about democratic systems and free market economies is increasingly a question of interest to Congress and the public at large.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-Benefit Analysis: Issues in Its Use in Regulation

Cost-Benefit Analysis: Issues in Its Use in Regulation

Date: June 28, 1995
Creator: Moore, John L
Description: This report sketches issues underlying broader use of cost-benefit analysis. It focuses on cost-benefit as one of several related frameworks for assessing regulatory actions or policies. Cost-benefit is the broadest of these frameworks, which also include impact assessment, risk assessment, and cost-effectiveness. Which analytical framework is appropriate depends on the regulatory context.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Additive Regulations: A Chronology

Food Additive Regulations: A Chronology

Date: September 13, 1995
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Date: June 4, 1997
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Mad Cow Disease" or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: Scientific and Regulatory Issues

"Mad Cow Disease" or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: Scientific and Regulatory Issues

Date: July 9, 1997
Creator: Johnson, Judith A & Vogt, Donna U
Description: This report discusses the regulatory issues regarding cattle disease, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), and a rare, fatal human illness, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nitrogen Oxides and Electric Utilities: Revising the NSPS

Nitrogen Oxides and Electric Utilities: Revising the NSPS

Date: July 25, 1997
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and TMDLs

Clean Water Act and TMDLs

Date: September 11, 1997
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation of this provision has been dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. The TMDL issue has become controversial, in part because of requirements and costs now facing states to implement a 25-year-old provision of the law. Congressional activity to reauthorize the Act, a possibility in the 2nd Session of the 105th Congress, could include TMDL issues, but the direction for any such action is unclear at this time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managed Health Care: Federal and State Regulation

Managed Health Care: Federal and State Regulation

Date: October 8, 1997
Creator: Fuchs, Beth C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department