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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: June 22, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deflation: Economic Significance, Current Risk, and Policy Responses

Deflation: Economic Significance, Current Risk, and Policy Responses

Date: August 30, 2010
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: Despite the severity of the recent financial crisis and recession, the U.S. economy has so far avoided falling into a deflationary spiral. This report discusses the current risk of deflation in the U.S. and relevant policy responses.
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The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

Date: November 5, 2014
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report discusses the G-20, an international forum for discussing and coordinating economic policies among major advanced and emerging economies. Previous summits have, for example, focused on financial regulatory reform, global imbalances, funding for the International Monetary Fund (IMF), voting power of emerging economies in international financial institutions, and fossil fuel subsidies.
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The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

Date: August 4, 2010
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report describes the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Emergency Contingency Fund (ECF) as well as proposals to extend and modify TANF emergency funding.
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Financial Regulatory Reform: Consumer Financial Protection Proposals

Financial Regulatory Reform: Consumer Financial Protection Proposals

Date: May 26, 2010
Creator: Carpenter, David H. & Jickling, Mark
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009 (the CFPA Act or the Act) and delineates some of the substantive differences between it and H.R. 4173, Title IV, as it passed the House, and S. 3217, Title X, as it passed the Senate. It then analyzes some of the policy implications of the proposal, focusing on the separation of safety and soundness regulation from consumer protection, financial innovation, and the scope of regulation. The report then raises some questions regarding state law preemption, sources of funding, and rulemaking procedures that the Act does not fully answer.
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U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

Date: July 13, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: This report discusses the U.S. trade deficit in light of the 2008 global financial crisis, with emphasis on international trade and U.S. trade policy, most recent developments in trade of goods and service, trade forecasts for the future, and how issues such as the U.S. trade deficit and international trade, particularly with China, are commonly perceived.
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China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: January 7, 2011
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.- China economic relations, surveys major trade disputes, and lists bills introduced in Congress that could affect bilateral commercial ties.
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China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: May 21, 2012
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the U.S.-China economic relationship and China's rapid expansion as a global economic market, both with respect to the current global economic crisis. It also examines major U.S.-China trade issues and related legislation.
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The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

Date: December 22, 2010
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report discusses the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which created an Emergency Contingency Fund (ECF) within the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. The fund expired on September 30, 2010. It helped states, Indian tribes, and territories pay for additional costs of providing economic aid to families during the current economic downturn for FY2009 and FY2010. This report describes the TANF ECF as well as proposals offered in 2010 to extend and modify TANF emergency funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Date: September 16, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses the merit of various business tax incentives and their effectiveness in providing fiscal stimulus during the recession. The two most common measures to provide business tax incentives for new investment are investment tax credits and accelerated deductions for depreciation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department