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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Tobacco Legislation in the 105th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of S. 1415, S. 1530, S. 1638, S. 1889, H.R. 3474, and H.R. 3868
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs516/
Tobacco Control: Enforcement and Effectiveness of Federal and State Youth Access Laws
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs515/
Nitrogen Oxides and Electric Utilities: Revising the NSPS
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs381/
Air Quality and Vehicle Emission Standards: An Overview of the National Low Emission Vehicle Program and Related Issues
This report provides background information on federal emission standards for motor vehicles under the Clean Air Act and stricter standards originally developed to address the severity of air quality problems in California, explains the low emission standards and flexible compliance mechanisms to which states and manufacturers have voluntarily agreed under the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program, discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) estimates of the program's air quality benefits and costs, and examines regulatory issues related to its implementation including sulfur levels in gasoline and the relative stringency of emission standards for light trucks. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs845/
Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards
The extent to which emissions from motor vehicles and the amount of sulfur in commercial gasoline should be regulated has become a controversial issue. The EPA is proposing national limits on gasoline sulfur levels which would become effective in 2004. This report provides background information on the regulation of vehicle emissions in the United States, analyzes key elements of the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Tier 2 proposal, summarizes major views on the proposal that have been expressed by the automobile industry, the oil refining industry, and some environmental organizations, and discusses relevant legislative activity in the 106th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs849/
"Mad Cow Disease" or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: Scientific and Regulatory Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs385/
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5737/
The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus
Fiscal 1998 marked the first year that total receipts exceeded outlays in the federal budget since 1969. Since then, the budget has been in surplus and official projections expect the budget to remain in surplus for the foreseeable future. Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline projections indicate that the budget surpluses are expected to grow steadily over the next 10 years. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1428/
What if the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences
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What if the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences
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What if the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences
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Projecting the Surplus: A Discussion of Issues
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Argentina's Sovereign Debt Restructuring
The U.S. Congress has held numerous hearings to evaluate the causes and ongoing repercussions of Argentina’s financial crisis. This report analyzes Argentina’s debt situation in support of this interest and will be updated periodically. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5743/
Paying Off the National Debt: Some Intergenerational Consequences
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Competitiveness: Economic Issue or Illusion?
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E-Commerce Statistics: Explanation and Sources
Congress will play a vital role in many e-commerce policy issues, including Internet taxation, encryption and electronic authentication (i.e., digital signatures), intellectual property protection (i.e., patent or copyright infringement), computer network security, and privacy safeguards for individuals and organizations, as well as consideration of how European Union (EU) and World Trade Organization (WTO) policies may affect U.S. e-commerce activities. This report addresses the complexities of measuring e-commerce growth, and provides background information on government and private firms’ methods for estimating it. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2227/
E-Commerce Statistics: Explanation and Sources
Congress will play a vital role in many e-commerce policy issues, including Internet taxation, encryption and electronic authentication (i.e., digital signatures), intellectual property protection (i.e., patent or copyright infringement), computer network security, and privacy safeguards for individuals and organizations, as well as consideration of how European Union (EU) and World Trade Organization (WTO) policies may affect U.S. e-commerce activities. This report addresses the complexities of measuring e-commerce growth, and provides background information on government and private firms’ methods for estimating it. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3880/
Steel: Legislative and Oversight Issues
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Steel: Legislative and Oversight Issues
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Steel: Legislative and Oversight Issues
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Federal Regulatory Structure for Egg Safety: Fact Sheet
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Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1458/
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2251/
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3928/
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3929/
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5751/
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3942/
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3943/
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs592/
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1114/
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2268/
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3972/
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3973/
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6152/
U.S. Living Standards Compared to Those of Six Other Industrialized Nations
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Prescription Drug Importation and Internet Sales: A Legal Overview
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Clean Water Act and TMDLs
Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation of this provision has been dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. The TMDL issue has become controversial, in part because of requirements and costs now facing states to implement a 25-year-old provision of the law. Congressional activity to reauthorize the Act, a possibility in the 2nd Session of the 105th Congress, could include TMDL issues, but the direction for any such action is unclear at this time. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs417/
Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants
Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation was dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1524/
Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants
Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation was dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2340/
Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants
Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation was dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4077/
NAFTA: A Broad Economic Perspective
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs54/
Japan's Economy: From Bubble to Bust
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs104/
Japan's Budget: Role in Economic Policymaking
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs106/
South Korea's Economy and Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs107/
Japan's Looming Bank Crisis: A Half Trillion Dollars in Non-Performing Loans?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs108/
Cost-Benefit Analysis: Issues in Its Use in Regulation
This report sketches issues underlying broader use of cost-benefit analysis. It focuses on cost-benefit as one of several related frameworks for assessing regulatory actions or policies. Cost-benefit is the broadest of these frameworks, which also include impact assessment, risk assessment, and cost-effectiveness. Which analytical framework is appropriate depends on the regulatory context. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs188/
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts
This report begins with a comprehensive presentation of current economic conditions focusing on income growth, unemployment, and inflation. The posture of monetary and fiscal policy is surveyed as are the forecasts of economic activity. It concludes with data on the factors important for economic growth. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs623/
Environmental Reauthorizations and Regulatory Reform: From the 104th Congress to the 106th
The 104th Congress pursued efforts to reform environmental regulations on several fronts: (1) revising regulatory decision making processes; (2) attaching specific reforms to funding bills; (3) establishing a House corrections day calendar of bills addressing specific regulatory problems; and (4) incorporating regulatory reforms into individual program reauthorization bills. The 105th Congress has pursued regulatory reform in four primary directions: (1) proposals to establish a comprehensive cost-benefit/risk analysis framework for regulatory programs, (2) private property “takings” initiatives, (3) amendments and reforms directed at individual environmental statutes, and (4) oversight of environmental programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs953/
The New Economic Paradigm: Is It New and Is It a Paradigm?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1607/
Federal Regulatory Reform: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1608/
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