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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Economic Development Administration: Reauthorization and Funding Issues in the 111th Congress

Economic Development Administration: Reauthorization and Funding Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: April 2, 2010
Creator: Gonzales, Oscar R. & Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report discusses the economic development program re-authorization issues and appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Financial Services Regulatory Consolidation: Structural Response to the 2007-2009 Financial Crisis

Federal Financial Services Regulatory Consolidation: Structural Response to the 2007-2009 Financial Crisis

Date: April 12, 2010
Creator: Eubanks, Walter W.
Description: This report provides a brief history and overview of the U.S. federal financial services regulatory structure and examines the regulatory structural changes the three major federal government proposals would make to remedy the causes of the financial crisis. It concludes with a discussion of some possible implications of reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses Germany's recent trends in economic performance and trade relations with the U.S. This report elaborates on these themes in three parts: historical economic performance; reform challenges facing German political leaders; and selected U.S.-German economic policy differences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses the merit of various business tax incentives and their effectiveness in providing fiscal stimulus during the recession. The two most common measures to provide business tax incentives for new investment are investment tax credits and accelerated deductions for depreciation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Downturns and Crime

Economic Downturns and Crime

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report examines the relationships between selected variables of economic strength and crime. It begins with an overview of crime rates during times of economic recession in the United States. It then reviews the existing literature in the field analyzing various data sets that examine whether the unemployment rate and foreclosures can be related to increases in the national crime rate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Term Unemployment and Recessions

Long-Term Unemployment and Recessions

Date: April 14, 2010
Creator: Mayer, Gerald & Levine, Linda
Description: This report analyzes the trend in long-term unemployment over the postwar period and offers explanations for its unusually high incidence during the most recent recession. It compares the individual, job, and household characteristics of the long-term unemployed during the latest recession (2007-2009) with the long-term unemployed at the end of the two previous recessions (1990-1991 and 2001).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Inflation: Causes, Costs, and Current Status

Inflation: Causes, Costs, and Current Status

Date: March 29, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses inflation including its causes and effect on the economy. In particular, it brings together broad knowledge from economists to discuss the real costs of inflation on the economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: March 11, 2015
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: A Possible Role for Congress

Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: A Possible Role for Congress

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morelli, Vincent
Description: This report focuses on the creation of the Transatlantic Economic Council; the role of legislatures in the regulatory process; and the Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue and its new role as an advisor to transatlantic regulatory efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

Date: April 6, 2010
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Weiss, Martin A. & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report analyzes Africa's vulnerability to the global crisis and potential implications for economic growth, poverty alleviation, fiscal balances, and political stability. The report describes channels through which the crisis is affecting Africa, and provides information on international efforts to address the impact, including U.S. policies and those of multilateral institutions in which the United States plays a major role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authoritative Resources on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)

Authoritative Resources on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)

Date: April 5, 2010
Creator: Klarman, Kim W. & Jennings, Julie
Description: List containing authoritative resources to assist in responding to a broad range of questions and concerns about the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), P.L. 111-5. It includes links to the full text of the act, Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates, White House fact sheets, and federal, state, and municipal government websites are included, along with other useful information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Creation Programs of the Great Depression: the WPA and the CCC

Job Creation Programs of the Great Depression: the WPA and the CCC

Date: January 14, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report first describes the social policy environment in which the 1930s job creation programs were developed and examines the reasons for their shortcomings then and as models for current-day countercyclical employment measures. It then provides a brief overview of the two job creation programs of the Depression-era that Members of Congress have asked about most frequently: the Works Progress or Projects Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Date: March 13, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses a number of implementation issues surrounding an inflation target. These include what rate of inflation to target, what inflation measure to use, whether to set a point target or range, and what penalties to impose if a target is missed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Date: February 25, 2011
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses a number of implementation issues surrounding an economic inflation target. These include what rate of inflation to target, what inflation measure to use, whether to set a point target or range, and what penalties to impose if a target is missed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. It has five sections which discuss: [1] background information on unemployment compensation (UC) benefits, [2] a definition of a recession and the process of declaring a recession, [3] a summary of the legislative history of federal extensions of unemployment benefits, [4] figures examining the statistics of recessions, and [5] previous methods for financing temporary recession programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Date: January 26, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: President Obama has requested $147.911 billion for research and development (R&D) in FY2012, a $772 million (0.5%) increase from the FY2010 actual R&D funding level of $147.139 billion. Congress will play a central role in defining the nation's R&D priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues: the extent to which the federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. Low or negative growth in the overall R&D investment may require movement of resources across disciplines, programs, or agencies to address priorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evaluating the Current Stance of Monetary Policy Using a Taylor Rule

Evaluating the Current Stance of Monetary Policy Using a Taylor Rule

Date: January 30, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: Oversight of the Federal Reserve's (Fed's) monetary policy decisions rests with Congress. But oversight is encumbered by the absence of a straightforward relationship between interest rates and economic performance. Further, the Fed's policy decisions are discretionary, meaning there is no objective, transparent “yardstick” for evaluating their decisions. A simple rule of thumb guide to monetary policy decisions called a “Taylor rule” is an intuitive way to judge actual policy against some objective, albeit simplistic, ideal. Taylor rules prescribe a federal funds target based on inflation and the output gap (i.e., the difference between actual gross domestic product [GDP] and potential GDP) and can be adjusted to reflect a variety of policy goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts

The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts

Date: September 5, 2012
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: Report regarding the fiscal cliff, which is a set of tax increases and spending cuts that would substantially reduce the deficit in 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. This report also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: May 3, 2011
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. This report also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: May 3, 2011
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. This report also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Term Unemployment and Recessions

Long-Term Unemployment and Recessions

Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: Mayer, Gerald & Levine, Linda
Description: This report discusses the recession that began in the United States in December 2007 and officially ended in June 2009 and how this recession affected employment rates. This report analyzes the trend in long-term unemployment over the postwar period and offers explanations for its unusually high incidence during the most recent postwar recession. It compares the individual, job, and household characteristics of the long-term unemployed during the latest recession (2007-2009) with the long-term unemployed at the end of the two previous recessions (1990-1991 and 2001).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: July 6, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses economic effects of the Federal Reserve's monetary policy, monetary policy vs. fiscal policy, the current stance of monetary policy given the financial crisis, and Congressional oversight and disclosure on the issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Derivatives Regulation in the 111th Congress

Derivatives Regulation in the 111th Congress

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Jickling, Mark & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report summarizes derivatives legislation that was considered but not enacted by the 111th Congress, and it provides background on the derivatives market.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department