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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Government Assistance for GMAC/Ally Financial: Unwinding the Government Stake

Government Assistance for GMAC/Ally Financial: Unwinding the Government Stake

Date: January 26, 2015
Creator: Webel, Baird & Canis, Bill
Description: This report discusses government support given to Ally Financial, formerly known as General Motors Acceptance Corporation (GMAC), which provides auto financing, insurance, online banking, and mortgage and commercial financing. This report looks at how -- or even if -- GMAC will be able to pay back the government for Trouble Asset Relief Program (TARP) funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: February 5, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Direct Investment: Current Issues

Foreign Direct Investment: Current Issues

Date: February 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report presents an overview of current issues related to foreign direct investment in the economy and the development of U.S. policy toward inward and outward direct investment. This report also assesses the role of foreign direct investment in the economy and the costs and benefits of direct investment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: February 9, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of monetary policy and recent developments. It discusses issues for Congress, including transparency and proposals to change the Fed's mandate, and ends with a brief overview of the Fed's regulatory responsibilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Accelerated Vehicle Retirement for Fuel Economy: "Cash for Clunkers"

Accelerated Vehicle Retirement for Fuel Economy: "Cash for Clunkers"

Date: March 3, 2010
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Canis, Bill
Description: This report outlines the key provisions of the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save (CARS) program established by P.L. 111-32, which provide rebates to prospective purchasers toward the purchase of new, fuel-efficient vehicles, provided the trade-in vehicles are scrapped. It discusses the impact of the program on the economy and also summarizes similar programs in other industrial countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Cost of Living Adjustments: Some Economic and Practical Considerations

Automatic Cost of Living Adjustments: Some Economic and Practical Considerations

Date: January 11, 2010
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: This report looks at how automatic cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) influence the budget and identifies major programs that have indexing provisions. It also explains what price indexes attempt to measure and discusses some of their weaknesses. Finally, it points out some practical things to keep in mind when establishing an indexing provision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Interventions in Response to Financial Turmoil

Government Interventions in Response to Financial Turmoil

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Webel, Baird & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report reviews new programs introduced and other actions taken by the Treasury, Federal Reserve, and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in response to the recent financial crisis. It does not cover longstanding programs such as the Fed's discount window and FDIC receivership of failed banks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Date: March 20, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report briefly discusses congressional concerns regarding the Financial Stability Oversight Council's (FSOC) authorization to designate certain non-bank entities as Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFI).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Date: February 8, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides a background of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), financial crisis, and related issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report provides a historical account and analysis of the crisis through January 2010. While business contraction appears to have abated, unemployment is shown to be on the rise and many businesses and countries are still facing difficulties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: March 31, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses two of the four major responsibilities of the Federal Reserve (Fed) as the nation's central bank: execution of monetary policy and ensuring financial stability through the lender of last resort function. This report provides an overview of these mandates and activities, recent developments, and the role of Congressional oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Vladivostok, Russia: Postscript

The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Vladivostok, Russia: Postscript

Date: November 19, 2012
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: Report that examines the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation's (APEC) week-long series of senior-level meetings in Vladivostok on September 2-9, 2012, as well as the role of Congress with respect to APEC, including appropriations necessary to finance APEC's secretariat and U.S. support of APEC activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Date: August 12, 2013
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses a number of implementation issues surrounding an inflation target. These include what rate of inflation to target, what inflation measure to use, whether to set a point target or range, and what penalties to impose if a target is missed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Debt: An Analysis of Movements from World War II to the Present

The Federal Debt: An Analysis of Movements from World War II to the Present

Date: September 17, 2010
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report will define the measures of debt, discuss the reasons why debt levels change, and use historical examples to illustrate the factors causing debt movements over the last seven decades. Recent policies that have affected the budgetary outlook and the debt will also be discussed. Finally, this report will examine the long-term U.S. debt outlook and implications of rising federal debt levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Growth During the Recovery

Job Growth During the Recovery

Date: September 30, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: Congress in recent years passed a number of bills intended in part to jump-start a recovery in the labor market from the recession that began in December 2007. Policymakers are interested in how employment has responded to stimulus measures to determine how effective the legislation has been and to decide whether additional job creation legislation is warranted. This report discusses this topic in brief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Growth During the Recovery

Job Growth During the Recovery

Date: October 16, 2012
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report analyzes employment data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics from December 2007 to September 2012, including characteristics of job loss and gain within several industries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: March 7, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: The U.S. merchandise trade deficit is a part of the overall U.S. balance of payments, a summary statement of all economic transactions between the residents of the United States and the rest of the world, during a given period of time. Some Members of Congress and other observers have grown concerned over the magnitude of the U.S. merchandise trade deficit and the associated increase in U.S. dollar-denominated assets owned by foreigners. This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Date: July 10, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the higher education tax benefits that are currently available to students and their families. The report contrasts higher education tax benefits with traditional student aid, presents a brief history of higher education tax policy over the past 60 years, summarizes key features of the available tax benefits, and provides JCT estimates of revenue losses resulting from individual tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Date: September 25, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the higher education tax benefits that are currently available to students and their families. The report contrasts higher education tax benefits with traditional student aid, presents a brief history of higher education tax policy over the past 60 years, summarizes key features of the available tax benefits, and provides JCT estimates of revenue losses resulting from individual tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: July 6, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses how the Federal Reserve (Fed) handles monetary policy, including background information about the execution of monetary policy, the recent and current stance of monetary policy, and current legislation and Congressional oversight that would affect the Fed's practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: January 30, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: The Federal Reserve (Fed) defines monetary policy as the actions it undertakes to influence the availability and cost of money and credit. Since the expectations of market participants play an important role in determining prices and growth, monetary policy can also be defined to include the directives, policies, statements, and actions of the Fed that influence how the future is perceived. In addition, the Fed acts as a “lender of last resort” to the nation's financial system, meaning that it ensures continued smooth functioning of financial intermediation by providing financial markets with adequate liquidity. This role has become of great importance following the onset of the recent financial crisis. Congress has delegated responsibility for monetary policy to the Fed, but retains oversight responsibilities to ensure that the Fed is adhering to its statutory mandate “maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates.” This report looks at the background and influences of current legislation that would affect the Fed's practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Double-Dip Recession: Previous Experience and Current Prospect

Double-Dip Recession: Previous Experience and Current Prospect

Date: June 19, 2012
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: This report discusses factors suggesting an increased risk of a double-dip recession. A double-dip or W-shaped recession occurs when the economy emerges from a recession, has a short period of growth, but then, still well short of a full recovery, falls back into recession. It also discusses other factors that suggest economic recovery will continue. It presents the U.S. historical experience with double-dip recessions. It examines the role of deleveraging by households and businesses in the aftermath of the recent financial crisis in shaping the likely pace of economic recovery. The report concludes with a look at current economic projections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: December 8, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: The George W. Bush Administration enacted a series of tax cuts through the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. This report examines these tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: The George W. Bush Administration enacted a series of tax cuts through the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. This report examines these tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department