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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Date: June 14, 2006
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses broadband Internet, examining what it is and the various technologies that allow for its transmission. Broadband or high-speed Internet access is provided by technologies that give users the ability to send and receive data at volumes and speeds far greater than access over traditional telephone lines; it also provides a continuous, "always on" connection (no need to dial-up) and a "twoway" capability, that is, the ability to both receive (download) and transmit (upload) data at high speeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: March 20, 2006
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report various sides of the debate related to domestic launch services, such as satellite export issues, the development of new launch vehicles by the private sector, and whether tax incentives or loan guarantees should be created for companies attempting to develop lower-cost launch vehicles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: March 2, 2004
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. It includes telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest. Annotations describing each source's contents and organization are included so that researchers can select those that most closely fit their needs. Internet addresses usually provide information about the items, rather than access to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Economy: Past, Present, Future

Iraq's Economy: Past, Present, Future

Date: June 3, 2003
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report discusses the government of Iraq and its active role in stimulating and directing the Iraqi economy.This report identifies issues to be addressed before Iraq can participate normally in the world economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces researchers to selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. Printed, telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: February 15, 2000
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. It includes telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest. Annotations describing each source's contents and organization are included so that researchers can select those that most closely fit their needs. Internet addresses usually provide information about the items, rather than access to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: April 12, 2002
Creator: unknown
Description: This report introduces selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. It includes telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest. Annotations describing each source's contents and organization are included so that researchers can select those that most closely fit their needs. Internet addresses usually provide information about the items, rather than access to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: February 13, 2003
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. It includes telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest. Annotations describing each source's contents and organization are included so that researchers can select those that most closely fit their needs. Internet addresses usually provide information about the items, rather than access to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: August 4, 2003
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. It includes telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest. Annotations describing each source's contents and organization are included so that researchers can select those that most closely fit their needs. Internet addresses usually provide information about the items, rather than access to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Slowdown: Issues and Policies

Economic Slowdown: Issues and Policies

Date: September 5, 2008
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Hungerford, Thomas L.; Labonte, Marc; Weiss, N. E. & Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report first discusses the current state of the economy, including measures that have already been taken by the monetary authorities, and assesses the need for and potential consequences of fiscal stimulus. The second part of the report reviews the proposals discussed during debate on the recently enacted fiscal stimulus, both those adopted and those considered but not adopted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ERISA’s Impact on Medical Malpractice and Negligence Claims Against Managed Care Plans

ERISA’s Impact on Medical Malpractice and Negligence Claims Against Managed Care Plans

Date: February 21, 2008
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report examines the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), which provides a comprehensive federal scheme for the regulation of employee pension and welfare benefit plans offered by employers. While ERISA does not require an employer to offer pension and welfare benefits, it does mandate compliance with its provisions if such benefits are offered. Congress enacted ERISA to eliminate the conflicting and inconsistent regulation of pension and employee welfare benefit plans by state laws. The provisions at issue in the preemption debate are sections 502(a) and 514(a) of ERISA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: Economic Sanctions

North Korea: Economic Sanctions

Date: January 12, 2007
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: U.S. economic sanctions are imposed against North Korea for five primary reasons: (1) North Korea is seen as posing a threat to U.S. national security; (2) North Korea is designated by the Secretary of State as a state sponsor or supporter of international terrorism; (3) North Korea is a Marxist-Leninist state, with a Communist government; (4) North Korea has been found by the State Department to have engaged in proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; and (5) North Korea has been found by the President to have detonated a nuclear explosive device. This paper explains the U.S. economic sanctions currently in place, and summarizes recent events as they relate to the potential application of additional restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. A. & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Date: May 29, 2007
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses broadband Internet, examining what it is and the various technologies that allow for its transmission. Broadband or high-speed Internet access is provided by technologies that give users the ability to send and receive data at volumes and speeds far greater than access over traditional telephone lines; it also provides a continuous, "always on" connection (no need to dial-up) and a "two-way" capability, that is, the ability to both receive (download) and transmit (upload) data at high speeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: November 26, 2002
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions or regulations on lobbying activities of non-profit organizations. Public charities, social welfare organizations, religious groups, and other non-profit, tax-exempt organizations are not generally prohibited from engaging in all lobbying or public policy advocacy merely because of their tax-exempt status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions or regulations on lobbying activities of non-profit organizations. Public charities, social welfare organizations, religious groups, and other non-profit, tax-exempt organizations are not generally prohibited from engaging in all lobbying or public policy advocacy merely because of their tax-exempt status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: April 30, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail E.
Description: Monetary policy can be defined as any policy relating to the supply of money. Since the agency concerned with the supply of money is the nation’s central bank, the Federal Reserve, monetary policy can also be defined in terms of the directives, policies, statements, and actions of the Federal Reserve, particularly those from its Board of Governors that have an effect on national spending. This report discusses current issues regarding monetary policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: July 21, 2004
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: This report discusses monetary policy, which can also be defined in terms of the directives, policies, statements, and actions of the Federal Reserve, particularly those from its Board of Governors that have an effect on aggregate demand or national spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or “Mad Cow Disease”): Current and Proposed Safeguards

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or “Mad Cow Disease”): Current and Proposed Safeguards

Date: September 20, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A & Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report presents an overview of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or “mad cow disease”) in the United States. Shortly after the first case of BSE was announced, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and other officials announced measures to improve existing safeguards against the introduction and spread of BSE. This report discusses trade restrictions, the live-stock “feed ban”, as well as the BSE surveillance and testing in cattle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Rule

Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Rule

Date: February 4, 2005
Creator: Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report discuses the HIPAA privacy rule, which gives patients the right of access to their medical information and prohibits health plans and health care providers from using or disclosing individually identifiable health information without a patient’s written authorization except as expressly permitted or required by the rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Date: July 31, 2007
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A. & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: This is one part in the series of reports that provide a background and analysis, and most recent developments regarding broadband or high-speed Internet access. The report starts out by answering questions; what is broadband and why is it important? This report also discusses broadband technologies, the status of broadband deployment and the related policy issues, as well as the legislation in congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Economic Stabilization Act: Preliminary Analysis of Oversight Provisions

Emergency Economic Stabilization Act: Preliminary Analysis of Oversight Provisions

Date: October 31, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report discusses the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, which provides authority for the Secretary of the Treasury to purchase and insure "troubled assets" to provide stability and prevent disruption in the economy and financial system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkmenistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Turkmenistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 13, 2004
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report examines Turkmenistan's halting economic and political reforms under the authoritarian leadership of President Saparmurad Niyazov. It discusses U.S. policy and assistance, including support for grassroots democratization and advocacy for human rights, and provides basic facts and biographical information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reporting Requirements in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008

Reporting Requirements in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008

Date: November 13, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report describes the various reporting requirements in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA) and is organized according to the entities required to prepare and submit the reports. The report also provides some concluding observations regarding those requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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