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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2005
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or "Mad Cow Disease") in North America: A Chronology of Selected Events

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or "Mad Cow Disease") in North America: A Chronology of Selected Events

Date: November 8, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report provides a chronology of selected events leading up to and following the discoveries of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or “mad cow disease”) in North America. These are primarily regulatory, legal, and congressional developments that are frequently referenced in the ongoing policy debate. The chronology does not contain entries for the introduction of the many BSE-related bills introduced into this or previous Congresses, except for those in recent years where committee or floor action has occurred. This report, which will be updated if significant developments ensue, is intended to be used alongside other CRS reports that provide more background and context for the BSE policy debate, and that cover many specific legislative proposals.
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Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease):  Agricultural Issues for Congress

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease): Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report presents the background and analysis of BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, including the definition. It also discusses the BSE economic and trade implications as well as selected issues for Congress.
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Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
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Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: June 14, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
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Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: May 25, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: June 28, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
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Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or "Mad Cow Disease"): Current and Proposed Safeguards

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or "Mad Cow Disease"): Current and Proposed Safeguards

Date: October 13, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Lister, Sarah A
Description: This report presents an overview of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or “mad cow disease”) in the United States. Shortly after the first case of BSE was announced, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and other officials announced measures to improve existing safeguards against the introduction and spread of BSE. This report discusses trade restrictions, the live-stock “feed ban”, as well as the BSE surveillance and testing in cattle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Effects of Raising National Saving

The Economic Effects of Raising National Saving

Date: October 4, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: Raising the share of income we save is a frequent aim of public policy. That may be particularly apparent in debates about the size of the federal budget deficit, but concerns about the low household saving rate have also prompted policymakers to consider ways to encourage individuals to save more. How much individuals save will directly affect their future economic well-being, but from a macroeconomic perspective, the source of saving — be it households, business, or government — makes no difference. This report presents standard economic analysis of the macroeconomic effects of raising saving.
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The Macroeconomic Effects of Hurricane Katrina

The Macroeconomic Effects of Hurricane Katrina

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: None
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Nationwide Permits for Wetlands Projects: Issues and Regulatory Developments

Nationwide Permits for Wetlands Projects: Issues and Regulatory Developments

Date: February 2, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
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California's San Joaquin Valley: A Region in Transition

California's San Joaquin Valley: A Region in Transition

Date: December 12, 2005
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report analyzes the San Joaquin Valley (SJV) counties and statistically documents the basis of current socioeconomic conditions. The report further explores the extent to which the SJV shares similarities with and differs from the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) area and a 68- county Central Appalachian subregion which contains some of the most economically distressed counties in Appalachia. The report also examines the role of federal expenditures in the cities and counties of the SJV. In addition to examining socioeconomic conditions in the SJV, the report provides analysis of water supply and quality issues especially those concerning agriculture, air quality concerns, and rail and shipping issues.
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Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces researchers to selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. Printed, telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest.
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Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report introduces selected basic sources that are useful in obtaining background information or specific facts on the status of federal legislative or regulatory initiatives. It includes telephone, online, and media sources are included, as well as pertinent directories, such as those of organizations that track areas of interest. Annotations describing each source's contents and organization are included so that researchers can select those that most closely fit their needs. Internet addresses usually provide information about the items, rather than access to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Outsourcing: Economic Implications and Policy Responses

Foreign Outsourcing: Economic Implications and Policy Responses

Date: June 21, 2005
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
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Long-Term Growth of the U.S. Economy: Significance, Determinants, and Policy

Long-Term Growth of the U.S. Economy: Significance, Determinants, and Policy

Date: June 27, 2005
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
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Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Date: January 27, 2005
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
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Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
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Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Trade, Trade Barriers, and Trade Deficits: Implications for U.S. Economic Welfare

Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the economics of international trade that may be helpful for consideration of many recurring international economic policy issues. It is intended as a general explanation of mainstream economic principles that may be considered in gauging the economic significance of trade issues as well as the trade-offs inherent in many policy choices. This report provides a brief interview of the economic arguments for free trade, common arguments for trade barriers, and the cause and economic significance of persistent large trade deficits.
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Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: April 4, 2005
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
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Social Security and Medicare: The Economic Implications of Current Policy

Social Security and Medicare: The Economic Implications of Current Policy

Date: January 28, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
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Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: June 20, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: None
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The Budget Deficit and the Trade Deficit: What Is Their Relationship?

The Budget Deficit and the Trade Deficit: What Is Their Relationship?

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc & makinen, gail
Description: During the last half of the 1990s, real gross domestic investment rose as a fraction of real GDP. This resulted from the rise in U.S. productivity and the related rise in the real yield on U.S. assets. This drew additional private capital from abroad. If the twin deficits theory is correct, it has an adverse implication for the efficacy of fiscal policy as a stimulus tool. It suggests that in an environment of highly mobile international capital flows the effect of policy induced increases in the structural budget deficit (e.g., tax cuts) on short-run economic growth would be largely offset by increases in the trade deficit. The experience during both the 1980s and 1990s demonstrates that a large and growing trade deficit need not be an impediment to overall job creation even though it may have had an effect on the type of jobs that were created since it affected the composition of U.S. output.
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Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: August 22, 2005
Creator: Makinen, Gail
Description: This report contains information regarding the Current Economic Conditions, Recent Macroeconomic Developments, Posture of Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Summary of Current Developments, Sources of GDP Growth, Economic Forecasts 2001, and Promotion of Economic Growth. The report also presents statistics regarding the Growth Rate of Real GDP v. Final Sales, Civilian Unemployment Rate, Rate of Change in the Consumer Price Index, Rate of Change in the GDP Deflators, Rate of Change in Labor Costs, U.S. Foreign Trade Deficit, Alternative Measures of Fiscal Policy, The Growth Rates of the Monetary Aggregates, etc.
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