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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Date: May 10, 2004
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Average Farm Subsidy Payments, by State, 2002

Average Farm Subsidy Payments, by State, 2002

Date: September 16, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The U.S. Department of Agriculture makes direct subsidy payments through the Commodity Credit Corporation to farmers for commodity price and income support, certain conservation and environmental activities, and some disaster losses. In 2002, these direct farm subsidy payments amounted to $12.151 billion. This report examines the distribution of these payments among states, calculates the average size of payments going to recipient farms in each state, and distinguishes between payments received by farm operators and landlords. This information is intended to aid in policy debates about subsidizing some farms but not others, changing per-person payment limits, and the altering eligibility rules for landlords to receive payments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Access: Background and Issues

Date: January 21, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: From a public policy perspective, the goals are to ensure that broadband deployment is timely, that industry competes fairly, and that service is provided to all sectors and geographical locations of American society. The federal government -- through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) -- is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it. While the FCC's position is not to intervene at this time, some assert that legislation is necessary to ensure fair competition and timely broadband deployment. One proposal would ease certain legal restrictions and requirements, imposed by the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on incumbent telephone companies who provide high speed data (broadband) access. Another proposal would compel cable companies to provide "open access" to competing Internet service providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Analysis and Background on the EPA's Proposed Rules for Regulating Mercury Emissions from Electric Utilities

Legal Analysis and Background on the EPA's Proposed Rules for Regulating Mercury Emissions from Electric Utilities

Date: May 10, 2004
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air and New Source Review: Defining Routine Maintenance

Clean Air and New Source Review: Defining Routine Maintenance

Date: January 14, 2004
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) final rule on clarifying the definition of routine maintenance under its New Source Review (NSR) process exempts industrial facilities from undergoing NSR if they are replacing safety, reliability, and efficiency rated components with new, functionally equivalent equipment and if the cost of the replacement components is under 20 percent of the replacement value of the process unit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: A Policy and Legal Analysis

FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: A Policy and Legal Analysis

Date: December 3, 2004
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Conditions

China's Economic Conditions

Date: December 14, 2004
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: China’s economy remained relatively healthy in 2002, despite economic slowdowns in other parts of the world. Foreign investment continued to pour into China, and the Chinese government effectively used public spending to boost the economy. However, painful economic reforms will be necessary to keep the economic strong in 2003 and beyond. The recent outbreak in early 2003 of a very contagious virus called SevereAcuteRespiratory Syndrome (SARS) in China appears to have had a short-term negative impact on the Chinese economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

Date: October 5, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: The 9/11 attacks were part of Al Qaeda’s strategy to disrupt Western economies and impose both direct and secondary costs on the United States and other nations. The immediate costs were the physical damage, loss of lives and earnings, slower world economic growth, and capital losses on stock markets. Indirect costs include higher insurance and shipping fees, diversion of time and resources away from enhancing productivity to protecting and insuring property, public loss of confidence, and reduced demand for travel and tourism. In a broader sense, the 9/11 attacks led to the invasions and occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq (and the Global War on Terrorism) and perhaps emboldened terrorists to attack in Bali, Spain, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia. A policy question for Congress is how to evaluate the costs and benefits of further spending to counter terrorism and its economic impact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy

U.S. Terms of Trade: Significance, Trends, and Policy

Date: September 15, 2004
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Markets in Transition: Implications for U.S. Supply and Price

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Markets in Transition: Implications for U.S. Supply and Price

Date: June 24, 2004
Creator: Pirog, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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