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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Globalized Supply Chains and U.S. Policy

Globalized Supply Chains and U.S. Policy

Date: January 16, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report discusses the challenges and opportunities raised by the globalized world of business, in which production becomes fragmented into discrete activities that can be spread geographically within and across national borders while remaining integrated organizationally within a multinational company or network of companies. Such globalized production networks are called supply chains or value-added networks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Date: July 7, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses the current state of Puerto Rico's public finances. Puerto Rico faces several fiscal hurdles in 2015. Concerns regarding the sustainability of Puerto Rico's public finances have intensified over the past year, despite several measures taken by the island's government to reduce spending, increase revenues, and restructure its obligations.
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Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report provides information and analysis on Moldova, including its political and economic situation, foreign policy, and on U.S. policy toward Moldova.
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How Would Medicare Part B Premiums Be Affected If There Is No Social Security COLA?

How Would Medicare Part B Premiums Be Affected If There Is No Social Security COLA?

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Romig, Kathleen & Hahn, Jim
Description: This report outlines how Medicare Part B premiums and Social Security cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) are calculated, and how the COLA affects Part B premiums. The report also examines a scenario in which Medicare Part B premiums rise but Social Security benefits do not.
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The Global Financial Crisis: Increasing IMF Resources and the Role of Congress

The Global Financial Crisis: Increasing IMF Resources and the Role of Congress

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report provides information on the role the IMF has played in the financial crisis, international agreement to increase the financial resources of the IMF, and the role of Congress in increasing the Fund's resources. As will be discussed in detail at the end of the report, congressional authorization, and perhaps appropriation, would be required to increase U.S. contributions to the IMF.
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The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
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Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: March 26, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in the country of Panama, which has made notable political and economic progress since the 1989 U.S. military intervention that ousted the regime of General Manuel Noriega from power. The United States has close relations with Panama, stemming in large part from the extensive linkages developed when the canal was under U.S. control. This report describes the U.S.-Panama relationship at length, including trade relations.
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The Global Financial Crisis: Foreign and Trade Policy Effects

The Global Financial Crisis: Foreign and Trade Policy Effects

Date: April 7, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the major non-financial effects of the global crisis of 2008.
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Proposals for a Congressional Commission on the Financial Crisis: A Comparative Analysis

Proposals for a Congressional Commission on the Financial Crisis: A Comparative Analysis

Date: April 29, 2009
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E. & Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report provides a comparative analysis of six proposed congressional advisory commissions that would investigate various aspects of the recent financial crisis and economic downturn. The report specifically discusses the membership structure, appointment structure, rules of procedure and operation, duties and reporting requirements, powers of the commission, staffing issues, and funding.
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FDA Tobacco Regulation: The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009

FDA Tobacco Regulation: The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009

Date: May 28, 2009
Creator: Redhead, Stephen C.
Description: This report focuses on the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. It includes a brief discussion of the contrasting views of FDA tobacco regulation held by the public health community and the industry, and provides some analysis of a number of key regulatory issues that the bill raises.
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U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Definition, Patterns and Policy Challenges

U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Definition, Patterns and Policy Challenges

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report provides background information and analysis on U.S. foreign trade in services. It includes an examination of definitions and examples of services to indicate their nature and scope; a review of the importance of services to the U.S. economy including U.S. foreign trade; and an analysis of the policy challenges that confront the United States, especially the challenge of negotiating a set of international rules on trade in services and the challenge of resolving disputes over trade in services with trading partners.
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The Size and Role of Government: Economic Issues

The Size and Role of Government: Economic Issues

Date: March 5, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses some of the arguments surrounding the proper size of government that are economic in nature, including the questions of what role the state plays in economic activity and how the economy is affected by government intervention.
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U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.; Ilias, Shayerah & Donnelly, J. M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status, trends, and forecasts for U.S. import and export flows as well as certain balances. The purpose of this report is to provide current data and brief explanations for the various types of trade flows along with a brief discussion of trends that may require attention or point to the need for policy changes.
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Russia's Economic Performance and Policies and Their Implications for the United States

Russia's Economic Performance and Policies and Their Implications for the United States

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report addresses Russian economic policies and performance raise important policy questions for the United States and the U.S.-Russian relationship.
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U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Definition, Patterns and Policy Challenges

U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Definition, Patterns and Policy Challenges

Date: April 7, 2009
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report provides background information and analysis on U.S. foreign trade in services. It includes an examination of definitions and examples of services to indicate their nature and scope; a review of the importance of services to the U.S. economy including U.S. foreign trade; and an analysis of the policy challenges that confront the United States, especially the challenge of negotiating a set of international rules on trade in services and the challenge of resolving disputes over trade in services with trading partners.
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Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Economic and Social Indicators

Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Economic and Social Indicators

Date: March 2, 2009
Creator: Gomez-Granger, Julissa
Description: This report provides a fact sheet that tracks selected economic and social development indicators for Latin American and Caribbean countries. It also classifies country economies by income.
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American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5): Title V, Medicaid Provisions

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5): Title V, Medicaid Provisions

Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: Binder, Cliff; Baumrucker, Evelyne P.; Grady, April & Herz, Elicia J.
Description: In addition to reducing some taxes and funding infrastructure projects, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) provisions were designed to provide: temporary support to families and individuals by increasing unemployment compensation benefits; financial assistance for individuals to maintain their health coverage under provisions in the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA); temporary increases in Medicaid matching rates; and increases in disproportionate share hospital allotments. This report is a summary of ARRA's Medicaid provisions.
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China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States

China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States

Date: February 9, 2009
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the economy of China and how it is has been affected by the recent economic downturn. China has recently enjoyed one of the world's fastest-growing economies and has been a major contributor to world economic growth, but several Chinese industries have been hard by the crisis, and millions of workers have been laid off.
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China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States

China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States

Date: April 2, 2009
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the economy of China and how it is has been affected by the recent economic downturn. China has recently enjoyed one of the world's fastest-growing economies and has been a major contributor to world economic growth, but several Chinese industries have been hard by the crisis, and millions of workers have been laid off.
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Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Background and Issues

Date: May 27, 2008
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A. & Kruger, Lennard G
Description: This is one part in the series of reports that provide a background and analysis, and most recent developments regarding broadband or high-speed Internet access. The report starts out by answering questions; what is broadband and why is it important? This report also discusses broadband technologies, the status of broadband deployment and the related policy issues, as well as the legislation in congress.
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Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: May 20, 2008
Creator: Gail E. Makinen
Description: This report contains information regarding the Current Economic Conditions, Recent Macroeconomic Developments, Posture of Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Summary of Current Developments, Sources of GDP Growth, Economic Forecasts 2001, and Promotion of Economic Growth.
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Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: July 15, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in the country of Panama, which has made notable political and economic progress since the 1989 U.S. military intervention that ousted the regime of General Manuel Noriega from power. The United States has close relations with Panama, stemming in large part from the extensive linkages developed when the canal was under U.S. control. This report describes the U.S.-Panama relationship at length, including trade relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: Lessons from Japan's Lost Decade of the 1990s

The Global Financial Crisis: Lessons from Japan's Lost Decade of the 1990s

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report reviews the major actions by the Japanese government in dealing with its financial crisis and highlights some of the lessons learned from their experience in the 1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

Date: August 25, 2009
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Weiss, Martin A. & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report analyzes Africa's vulnerability to the global crisis and potential implications for economic growth, poverty alleviation, fiscal balances, and political stability. The report describes channels through which the crisis is affecting Africa, and provides information on international efforts to address the impact, including U.S. policies and those of multilateral institutions in which the United States plays a major role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department