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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail E.
Description: This report discusses two of the four major responsibilities of the Federal Reserve (Fed) as the nation's central bank: execution of monetary policy and ensuring financial stability through the lender of last resort function. This report provides an overview of these mandates and activities, recent developments, and the role of Congressional oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

Date: September 11, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides background on China's economic rise; describes its current economic structure; identifies the challenges China faces to maintain economic growth; and discusses the challenges, opportunities, and implications of China's economic rise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Emergency Lending

Federal Reserve: Emergency Lending

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides a review of the history of Section 13(3) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the Dodd-Frank Act; P.L. 111-203), including its use in 2008. It discusses the Federal Reserve's (Fed's) authority under Section 13(3) before and after the Dodd-Frank Act. It then discusses policy issues and legislation to amend Section 13(3).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Gail E. Makinen
Description: This report contains information about the economy including an overview of the current economic conditions, fiscal and monetary policies, forecasts for 2008-2009, and other topics related to economic growth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses the current state of Puerto Rico's public finances. Puerto Rico faces several fiscal hurdles in 2015. Concerns regarding the sustainability of Puerto Rico's public finances have intensified over the past year, despite several measures taken by the island's government to reduce spending, increase revenues, and restructure its obligations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Global Growth Slowing?

Is Global Growth Slowing?

Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses concerns about a slowdown in the global economy, particularly in China and other emerging markets. Some projections indicate that global economic growth in 2016 could be slightly weaker for emerging markets, primarily Latin America, and developed economies, except the United States and the United Kingdom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Financial Crisis: Impact on and Response by The European Union

The Financial Crisis: Impact on and Response by The European Union

Date: March 9, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the global financial crisis and resulting geopoligical situation in detail. It also discusses individual efforts by both the U.S. and European Union (EU) to combat the effects of the crisis by attempting to resolve the financial crisis while stimulating domestic demand to stem the economic downturn.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Powering Africa: Challenges of and U.S. Aid for Electrification in Africa

Powering Africa: Challenges of and U.S. Aid for Electrification in Africa

Date: September 14, 2015
Creator: Cook, Nicolas; Campbell, Richard J.; Brown, Phillip & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the Power Africa initiative; policy problems and challenges related to power sector development in Africa; long-term perspectives on energy poverty, need, and future development; and raises some possible oversight questions and issues for Congress.
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Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: July 17, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
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Globalized Supply Chains and U.S. Policy

Globalized Supply Chains and U.S. Policy

Date: January 16, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report discusses the challenges and opportunities raised by the globalized world of business, in which production becomes fragmented into discrete activities that can be spread geographically within and across national borders while remaining integrated organizationally within a multinational company or network of companies. Such globalized production networks are called supply chains or value-added networks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Date: July 7, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses the current state of Puerto Rico's public finances. Puerto Rico faces several fiscal hurdles in 2015. Concerns regarding the sustainability of Puerto Rico's public finances have intensified over the past year, despite several measures taken by the island's government to reduce spending, increase revenues, and restructure its obligations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report provides information and analysis on Moldova, including its political and economic situation, foreign policy, and on U.S. policy toward Moldova.
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How Would Medicare Part B Premiums Be Affected If There Is No Social Security COLA?

How Would Medicare Part B Premiums Be Affected If There Is No Social Security COLA?

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Romig, Kathleen & Hahn, Jim
Description: This report outlines how Medicare Part B premiums and Social Security cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) are calculated, and how the COLA affects Part B premiums. The report also examines a scenario in which Medicare Part B premiums rise but Social Security benefits do not.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: Increasing IMF Resources and the Role of Congress

The Global Financial Crisis: Increasing IMF Resources and the Role of Congress

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report provides information on the role the IMF has played in the financial crisis, international agreement to increase the financial resources of the IMF, and the role of Congress in increasing the Fund's resources. As will be discussed in detail at the end of the report, congressional authorization, and perhaps appropriation, would be required to increase U.S. contributions to the IMF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
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Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: March 26, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in the country of Panama, which has made notable political and economic progress since the 1989 U.S. military intervention that ousted the regime of General Manuel Noriega from power. The United States has close relations with Panama, stemming in large part from the extensive linkages developed when the canal was under U.S. control. This report describes the U.S.-Panama relationship at length, including trade relations.
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The Global Financial Crisis: Foreign and Trade Policy Effects

The Global Financial Crisis: Foreign and Trade Policy Effects

Date: April 7, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the major non-financial effects of the global crisis of 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals for a Congressional Commission on the Financial Crisis: A Comparative Analysis

Proposals for a Congressional Commission on the Financial Crisis: A Comparative Analysis

Date: April 29, 2009
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E. & Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report provides a comparative analysis of six proposed congressional advisory commissions that would investigate various aspects of the recent financial crisis and economic downturn. The report specifically discusses the membership structure, appointment structure, rules of procedure and operation, duties and reporting requirements, powers of the commission, staffing issues, and funding.
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FDA Tobacco Regulation: The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009

FDA Tobacco Regulation: The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009

Date: May 28, 2009
Creator: Redhead, Stephen C.
Description: This report focuses on the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. It includes a brief discussion of the contrasting views of FDA tobacco regulation held by the public health community and the industry, and provides some analysis of a number of key regulatory issues that the bill raises.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Definition, Patterns and Policy Challenges

U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Definition, Patterns and Policy Challenges

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report provides background information and analysis on U.S. foreign trade in services. It includes an examination of definitions and examples of services to indicate their nature and scope; a review of the importance of services to the U.S. economy including U.S. foreign trade; and an analysis of the policy challenges that confront the United States, especially the challenge of negotiating a set of international rules on trade in services and the challenge of resolving disputes over trade in services with trading partners.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Size and Role of Government: Economic Issues

The Size and Role of Government: Economic Issues

Date: March 5, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses some of the arguments surrounding the proper size of government that are economic in nature, including the questions of what role the state plays in economic activity and how the economy is affected by government intervention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.; Ilias, Shayerah & Donnelly, J. M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status, trends, and forecasts for U.S. import and export flows as well as certain balances. The purpose of this report is to provide current data and brief explanations for the various types of trade flows along with a brief discussion of trends that may require attention or point to the need for policy changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia's Economic Performance and Policies and Their Implications for the United States

Russia's Economic Performance and Policies and Their Implications for the United States

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report addresses Russian economic policies and performance raise important policy questions for the United States and the U.S.-Russian relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Definition, Patterns and Policy Challenges

U.S. Foreign Trade in Services: Definition, Patterns and Policy Challenges

Date: April 7, 2009
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report provides background information and analysis on U.S. foreign trade in services. It includes an examination of definitions and examples of services to indicate their nature and scope; a review of the importance of services to the U.S. economy including U.S. foreign trade; and an analysis of the policy challenges that confront the United States, especially the challenge of negotiating a set of international rules on trade in services and the challenge of resolving disputes over trade in services with trading partners.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department