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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Transnational Organized Crime: Principal Threats and U.S. Responses

Transnational Organized Crime: Principal Threats and U.S. Responses

Date: March 20, 2006
Creator: Wagley, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy

Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: December 5, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: At least 50 documented incidents in more than 20 countries around the world, many involving arrest or detention of North Korean diplomats, link North Korea to drug trafficking. Such events, in the context of credible, but unproven, allegations of large scale state sponsorship of drug production and trafficking, raise important issues for the United States and its allies in combating international drug trafficking. The challenge to policy makers is how to pursue an effective counter drug policy and comply with U.S. law which may require cutting off aid to North Korea while pursuing other high-priority U.S. foreign policy objectives including (1) limiting possession and production of weapons of mass destruction; (2) limiting ballistic missile production and export; (3) curbing terrorism, counterfeiting, and international crime; and (4) addressing humanitarian needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report describes the structure and development of the narcotics trade in Afghanistan and explores its relevance to Afghan, U.S., and international security interests, including the 9/11 Commission’s recommendation that the United States make a long term commitment to the stability and security of Afghanistan. The report provides current statistical information on the opium trade, profiles its various participants, explores alleged narco-terrorist linkages, and reviews the U.S. and international policy response since late 2001. The report also considers current policy debates regarding the role of the U.S. military in future counternarcotics operations in Afghanistan; planned opium poppy eradication; and funding issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Date: June 18, 2009
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: Opium poppy cultivation and drug trafficking have eroded Afghanistan's fragile political and economic order over the last 30 years. This report provides current statistical information, profiles the narcotics trade's participants, explores linkages between narcotics, insecurity, and corruption, and reviews U.S. and international policy responses since late 2001. The report also considers ongoing policy debates regarding the counternarcotics role of coalition military forces, poppy eradication, alternative livelihoods, and funding issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ATPA Renewal: Background and Issues

ATPA Renewal: Background and Issues

Date: October 27, 2008
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: The Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) extends special duty treatment to certain U.S. imports from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru that meet domestic content and other requirements. The purpose of ATPA is to promote economic growth in the Andean region and to encourage a shift away from dependence on illegal drugs by supporting legitimate economic activities. This report outlines the various aspects of the ATPA, including significant dates and modifications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Cook, Colleen W.; Rush, Rebecca G. & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a multi-year proposal for $1.4 billion in U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America aimed at combating drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report outlines the various appropriations and other foreign aid measures outlined in the Mérida Initiative and what future actions regarding this ongoing effort will include.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Cook, Colleen W. & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a multi-year proposal for $1.4 billion in U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America aimed at combating drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report outlines the various appropriations and other foreign aid measures outlined in the Mérida Initiative and what future actions regarding this ongoing effort will include.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

Date: June 3, 2003
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

Date: June 3, 2003
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Veillette, Connie & Navarrete-Frías, Carolina
Description: The United States has supported drug crop eradication and alternative development programs in the Andes for decades. Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru collectively produce nearly the entire global supply of cocaine. In addition, Colombia has become a producer of high quality heroin, most of it destined for the United States and Europe. The United States provides counternarcotics assistance through the Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI). The program supports a number of missions, including interdiction of drug trafficking, illicit crop eradication, alternative development, and rule of law and democracy promotion. From FY2000 through FY2005, the United States has provided a total of about $4.3 billion in ACI funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department