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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Mérida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues

Mérida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Beittel, June S.
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a three-year program of U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America to combat drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report provides an overview and discussion of the funding provided for Mérida, and presents several issues that Congress may consider as it oversees implementation of the Initiative and shapes its future direction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis

Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis

Date: March 8, 1994
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: A cigarette excise tax increase of 75 cents per pack has been proposed to finance part of the President's universal health care program. The tax enjoys considerable public support, would raise about $11 billion per year, and would be relatively simple to administer because it would increase an existing manufacturer's excise tax. This report discusses these rationales, as well as other effects of and concerns about the tax, organized into topics of market failure as a justification for the tax (i.e., economic efficiency); potential for revenue; equity; and the job loss the tax might cause in tobacco growing regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: The International Convention Against Doping in Sport seeks to harmonize anti-doping commitments for non-professional sports at the international level. This Convention was adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2005 and entered in force on February 1, 2007. Issues that could arise as the Senate considers the treaty include its relationship to anti-doping regulations in professional sports, potential consequences that non-ratification could pose to the United States, and the legitimacy and effectiveness of current international anti-doping activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

Date: June 26, 2008
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: The International Convention Against Doping in Sport seeks to harmonize anti-doping commitments for non-professional sports at the international level. Issues that could arise as the Senate considers the Convention include its relationship to anti-doping regulations in professional sports, potential consequences that non-ratification could pose to the United States, and the legitimacy and effectiveness of current international anti-doping activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

Date: August 11, 2008
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: The International Convention Against Doping in Sport seeks to harmonize anti-doping commitments for non-professional sports at the international level. Issues that may continue to arise as policymakers evaluate the Convention include its relationship to anti-doping regulations in professional sports and the legitimacy and effectiveness of current international anti-doping activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Cook, Colleen W.; Rush, Rebecca G. & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a multi-year proposal for $1.4 billion in U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America aimed at combating drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report outlines the various appropriations and other foreign aid measures outlined in the Mérida Initiative and what future actions regarding this ongoing effort will include.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Cook, Colleen W. & Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a multi-year proposal for $1.4 billion in U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America aimed at combating drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report outlines the various appropriations and other foreign aid measures outlined in the Mérida Initiative and what future actions regarding this ongoing effort will include.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ATPA Renewal: Background and Issues

ATPA Renewal: Background and Issues

Date: October 27, 2008
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: The Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) extends special duty treatment to certain U.S. imports from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru that meet domestic content and other requirements. The purpose of ATPA is to promote economic growth in the Andean region and to encourage a shift away from dependence on illegal drugs by supporting legitimate economic activities. This report outlines the various aspects of the ATPA, including significant dates and modifications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Date: September 26, 2006
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: In addition to describing the structure and development of the Afghan narcotics trade, this report provides current statistical information, profiles the trade's various participants, explores alleged narco-terrorist linkages, and reviews U.S. and international policy responses since late 2001. The report also considers current policy debates regarding the role of the U.S. military in counternarcotics operations, opium poppy eradication, alternative livelihood development, and funding issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department