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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Reauthorizing the Office of National Drug Control Policy: Issues for Consideration

Reauthorizing the Office of National Drug Control Policy: Issues for Consideration

Date: August 21, 2012
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N. & Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: Report discussing the National Drug Control Strategy, the National Drug Control Budget, and the Office of National Drug Control Policy's (ONDCP) evaluation of the National Drug Control Strategy implementation. It also provides an analysis of selected legislative and oversight issues that Congress may consider when debating the reauthorization of ONDCP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Date: July 10, 2012
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Bagalman, Erin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report looks at ways that prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), which maintain statewide electronic databases of prescriptions dispensed for controlled substances, can help to deter prescription drug misuse.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Laws Relating to the Control of Narcotics and Other Dangerous Drugs, Enacted 1961-1985: Brief Summaries

Federal Laws Relating to the Control of Narcotics and Other Dangerous Drugs, Enacted 1961-1985: Brief Summaries

Date: January 15, 1986
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: This report contains summaries of enactments, treaties, and reorganization plans, passed from 1961 through 1985, that have some clearly indicated relationship-- either by specific reference or by virtue of legislative history--to the Federal effort to prevent drug misuse through control of the supply of narcotics and other dangerous drugs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Heroin: Legalization for Medical Use

Heroin: Legalization for Medical Use

Date: March 14, 1984
Creator: Blanchard, Randall, IV
Description: This report discusses the limited legalization of diacetylmorphine (heroin) for use in the medical treatment of intractable pain. The report attempts to present pros and cons on the issue as well as information on pending legislation. The report also provides a comparison of heroin's analgesic qualities to those of currently available and equivalent pharmaceutical alternatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Drug Problem: UNGA Convenes for a Special Session

The World Drug Problem: UNGA Convenes for a Special Session

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Rosen, Liana W.
Description: This report briefly discusses the United Nations General Assembly's (UNGA) 2016 special session on "The World Drug Problem." It is the third time the UNGA will convene such a session on global drug issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War on Drugs: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

War on Drugs: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: This report discusses the Office of National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization Act of 2005 , which would reauthorize ONDCP for five years, through FY2010, and authorize funding in specific annual amounts for the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) Program, the media campaign, a Southwest Border violence study, and several anti-methamphetamine initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Description: This report discusses the President's FY1988 budget, focusing on the $3 billion set aside for Federal programs to control or prevent the use of narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The report includes various key documents illustrating the positions taken by Congressional critics of the request as well as the Administration's defenses. Finally, for a longer term perspective, there are graphs and a table showing drug budget trends since FY 1981.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Description: This report discusses the President's FY1988 budget, focusing on the $3 billion set aside for Federal programs to control or prevent the use of narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The report includes various key documents illustrating the positions taken by Congressional critics of the request as well as the Administration's defenses. Finally, for a longer term perspective, there are graphs and a table showing drug budget trends since FY 1981.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Cocaine Sentencing Disparity: Sentencing Guidelines, Jurisprudence, and Legislation

Federal Cocaine Sentencing Disparity: Sentencing Guidelines, Jurisprudence, and Legislation

Date: August 5, 2010
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report discusses legislation and several court cases to examine the changing nature of Crack Cocaine penalties in comparison to powder cocaine. Until 2005, the Guidelines were binding on federal courts: the judge had discretion to sentence a defendant, but only within the narrow sentencing range that the Guidelines provided. In its 2005 opinion United States v. Booker, the Supreme Court declared that the Guidelines must be considered advisory rather than mandatory, in order to comply with the Constitution. Instead of being bound by the Guidelines, sentencing courts must treat the federal guidelines as just one of a number of sentencing factors (which include the need to avoid undue sentencing disparity).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Offenses: Maximum Fines and Terms of Imprisonment for Violation of the Federal Controlled Substances Act and Related Laws

Drug Offenses: Maximum Fines and Terms of Imprisonment for Violation of the Federal Controlled Substances Act and Related Laws

Date: December 13, 2012
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report is a chart of the maximum fines and terms of imprisonment that may be imposed as a consequence of conviction for violation of the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and other drug supply and drug demand related laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Testing and Crime-Related Restrictions in TANF, SNAP, and Housing Assistance

Drug Testing and Crime-Related Restrictions in TANF, SNAP, and Housing Assistance

Date: May 13, 2013
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Falk, Gene; Aussenberg, Randy Alison & Carpenter, David H.
Description: This report describes and compares the drug- and crime-related policy restrictions contained in selected federal programs that provide assistance to low-income individuals and families: the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly Food Stamps), and the three primary federal housing assistance programs (the public housing program, the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program, and the project-based Section 8 rental assistance program).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Drug Control Policy

International Drug Control Policy

Date: March 8, 2010
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. international drug control policy. It describes major international counternarcotics initiatives and evaluates the broad array of U.S. drug control policy tools currently in use. The report also considers alternative counterdrug policy approaches to current initiatives and raises several counterdrug policy issues and considerations for policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control

Drug Control

Date: September 30, 1988
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: How to prevent the non-medical use of dependency-producing drugs has been a public policy concern for at least a century. A large part of the responsibility for controlling such substances has been assumed by the Federal Government. Historically based on decision to restrict availability through a system of close regulation, including selective prohibition, the current Federal anti-drugs strategy lives on activities and programs in five major areas: 1) regulation and other “enforcement” efforts; 2) support for international control and for control efforts of individual drug-producing and drug-transiting countries; 3) education and other prevention activities; 4 ) treatment and rehabilitation for drug-dependent persons; and ( 5 ) research on drugs , drug dependency, and prevention and treatment methods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: February 2, 2006
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Offenses: Maximum Fines and Terms of Imprisonment for Violation of the Federal Controlled Substances Act and Related Laws

Drug Offenses: Maximum Fines and Terms of Imprisonment for Violation of the Federal Controlled Substances Act and Related Laws

Date: December 12, 2011
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This is a chart of the maximum fines and terms of imprisonment that may be imposed as a consequence of conviction for violation of the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and other drug supply and drug demand related laws. It lists the penalties for: heroin, cocaine, crack, PCP, LSD, marihuana (marijuana), amphetamine, methamphetamine, listed (precursor) chemicals, paraphernalia, date rape drugs, rave drugs, designer drugs, ecstasy, drug kingpins, as well as the other substances including narcotics and opiates assigned to Schedule I, Schedule II, Schedule III, Schedule IV, and Schedule V of the Controlled Substances Act and the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (Title II and Title III of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Control Act).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

International Convention Against Doping in Sport: Issues for Congress

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: The International Convention Against Doping in Sport seeks to harmonize anti-doping commitments for non-professional sports at the international level. This Convention was adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2005 and entered in force on February 1, 2007. Issues that could arise as the Senate considers the treaty include its relationship to anti-doping regulations in professional sports, potential consequences that non-ratification could pose to the United States, and the legitimacy and effectiveness of current international anti-doping activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War on Drugs: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

War on Drugs: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Date: November 23, 1983
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: This report discusses how best to coordinate the Federal government's multi-agency efforts to curb illicit traffic in dangerous drugs has once again become an issue of major interest to the Congress. Critics of the Reagan Administration's anti-drug program contend that it lacks an overall strategy and that it suffers from the absence of a central mechanism for the formulation of general policy as well as for the broad direction of operations
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs

Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs

Date: January 20, 1984
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: Suppression of illicit traffic is only one aspect of the general Federal Government effort to prevent the abuse of narcotics and other dangerous drug;, but in political significance it is undoubtedly paramount. Various approaches to the problem have been suggested and tried since the first explicitly anti-opium law was enacted in 1887.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: June 7, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: April 13, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans and Smoking-Related Illnesses: Congress Enacts Limits to Compensation

Veterans and Smoking-Related Illnesses: Congress Enacts Limits to Compensation

Date: August 13, 1998
Creator: Snook, Dennis W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: December 12, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department