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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Mérida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues

Mérida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues

Date: June 1, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Beittel, June S.
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a three-year proposal for $1.4 billion in U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America aimed at combating drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report provides an overview and discussion of the funding provided for Mérida, and presents several issues that Congress may consider as it oversees implementation of the Initiative.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mérida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues

Mérida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Beittel, June S.
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a three-year program of U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America to combat drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report provides an overview and discussion of the funding provided for Mérida, and presents several issues that Congress may consider as it oversees implementation of the Initiative and shapes its future direction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drunk Driving and the National Driver Register

Drunk Driving and the National Driver Register

Date: August 5, 1985
Creator: Segal, Migdon
Description: At the 0.08 BAC level of alcohol, braking, steering, lane changing, and judgment are degraded and the driving performance of virtually all drivers is substantially impaired. During the debate on reauthorization of the federal surface transportation programs, an amendment that would require each state either to enact a 0.08 BAC law or face the loss of a portion of its Federal Highway Trust Fund monies passed the Senate and will likely be considered in the House. This proposal raises questions about the effectiveness and impacts of a 0.08 BAC law, the rights of states versus the federal government, and alternative ways to encourage the states to adopt stronger impaired driving countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colombia: The Problem of Illegal Narcotics and U.S. - Colombian Relations

Colombia: The Problem of Illegal Narcotics and U.S. - Colombian Relations

Date: May 11, 1998
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: The United States has long been concerned with Colombia as a major producer and trafficker of the illegal narcotics entering this country: first marijuana, then cocaine, and now also heroin. Colombia's drug trafficking business has been dominated by two cartels during the two decades in which cocaine trafficking became a major activity: first the Medellin cartel, which dominated during the 1980s and then the Cali cartel, which dominated during the early 1990s. With the arrests of the major Cali cartel leaders in the mid-1990s, independent traffickers have filled the void.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans and Smoking-Related Illnesses: Congress Enacts Limits to Compensation

Veterans and Smoking-Related Illnesses: Congress Enacts Limits to Compensation

Date: August 13, 1998
Creator: Snook, Dennis W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification of Mexico in 1999: Arguments For and Against Congressional Resolutions of Disapproval

Drug Certification of Mexico in 1999: Arguments For and Against Congressional Resolutions of Disapproval

Date: March 30, 1999
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report presents arguments for and against congressional resolutions to disapprove President Clinton’s February 26, 1999 certification of Mexico as a fully cooperative country in efforts to control illicit narcotics.1 These resolutions (H.J.Res. 35--Bachus, and H.J.Res. 43--Mica and Gilman) would disapprove the President’s certification, but would permit him to avoid withholding of assistance to Mexico if he determined that vital national interests required such assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001

Date: January 10, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Date: April 30, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Date: October 22, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Proposed Congressional Modifications in 2001

Drug Certification Requirements and Proposed Congressional Modifications in 2001

Date: November 6, 2001
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-1998

Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-1998

Date: April 9, 1998
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-2001

Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-2001

Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-2002

Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-2002

Date: October 22, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to April 2002

Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to April 2002

Date: May 8, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to October 2004

Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to October 2004

Date: November 10, 2004
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Zedillo and Fox, December 1994-March 2001

Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Zedillo and Fox, December 1994-March 2001

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts Under Zedillo, December 1994 to March 1998

Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts Under Zedillo, December 1994 to March 1998

Date: March 4, 1998
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: May 1, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. & Beittel, June S.
Description: This report explores the relationship between the United States and Mexico in terms of trade, drug trafficking, and cooperative disease control and management. Specifically, the report discusses the Mérida Initiative, the trade dispute involving the implementation of NAFTA trucking provisions, Secretary of State Clinton's March 2009 visit to Mexico, and the April 2009 outbreak of the H1N1 "swine flu" virus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Smokeless Tobacco: Snuff and Chewing Tobacco; Bibliography-in-Brief, 1983-1987

Smokeless Tobacco: Snuff and Chewing Tobacco; Bibliography-in-Brief, 1983-1987

Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Sutterlin, Edith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Smokeless Tobacco: Snuff and Chewing Tobacco; Bibliography-in-Brief, 1983-1987

Smokeless Tobacco: Snuff and Chewing Tobacco; Bibliography-in-Brief, 1983-1987

Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Sutterlin, Edith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Efforts to Restore President Aristide, 1991-1994

Haiti: Efforts to Restore President Aristide, 1991-1994

Date: May 11, 1995
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report tracks the efforts to restore to office President Aristide of Haiti between the years 1991-1994. During this period, the main U.S. foreign policy concern was the restoration of the democratic process to Haiti. Closely related to this was the issue of Haitians attempting to flee to the United States by boat. Congressional concerns focused on human rights, Haitian migration, socioeconomic conditions, and drug trafficking.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2005 Assistance

Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2005 Assistance

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the funds and material support the U.S. has contributed to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2006 Assistance

Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2006 Assistance

Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the funds and material support the U.S. has contributed to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2007 Assistance

Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2007 Assistance

Date: April 18, 2006
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the funds and material support the U.S. has contributed to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department