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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Illicit Drugs and the Terrorist Threat: Causal Links and Implications for Domestic Drug Control Policy

Illicit Drugs and the Terrorist Threat: Causal Links and Implications for Domestic Drug Control Policy

Date: April 20, 2004
Creator: Kleiman, Mark A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy

Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: December 5, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: At least 50 documented incidents in more than 20 countries around the world, many involving arrest or detention of North Korean diplomats, link North Korea to drug trafficking. Such events, in the context of credible, but unproven, allegations of large scale state sponsorship of drug production and trafficking, raise important issues for the United States and its allies in combating international drug trafficking. The challenge to policy makers is how to pursue an effective counter drug policy and comply with U.S. law which may require cutting off aid to North Korea while pursuing other high-priority U.S. foreign policy objectives including (1) limiting possession and production of weapons of mass destruction; (2) limiting ballistic missile production and export; (3) curbing terrorism, counterfeiting, and international crime; and (4) addressing humanitarian needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Proposed Congressional Modifications in 2001

Drug Certification Requirements and Proposed Congressional Modifications in 2001

Date: November 6, 2001
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Date: October 22, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Date: April 30, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001

Date: January 10, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drunk Driving: Should Each State Be Required to Enact a 0.08 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Law?

Drunk Driving: Should Each State Be Required to Enact a 0.08 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Law?

Date: March 27, 1998
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F
Description: At the 0.08 BAC level of alcohol, braking, steering, lane changing, and judgment are degraded and the driving performance of virtually all drivers is substantially impaired. During the debate on reauthorization of the federal surface transportation programs, an amendment that would require each state either to enact a 0.08 BAC law or face the loss of a portion of its Federal Highway Trust Fund monies passed the Senate and will likely be considered in the House. This proposal raises questions about the effectiveness and impacts of a 0.08 BAC law, the rights of states versus the federal government, and alternative ways to encourage the states to adopt stronger impaired driving countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-2002

Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-2002

Date: October 22, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-2001

Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-2001

Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-1998

Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-1998

Date: April 9, 1998
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Narcotics Certification of Drug Producing Trafficking Nations: Questions and Answers

Narcotics Certification of Drug Producing Trafficking Nations: Questions and Answers

Date: March 27, 2000
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colombia: The Problem of Illegal Narcotics and U.S. - Colombian Relations

Colombia: The Problem of Illegal Narcotics and U.S. - Colombian Relations

Date: May 11, 1998
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: The United States has long been concerned with Colombia as a major producer and trafficker of the illegal narcotics entering this country: first marijuana, then cocaine, and now also heroin. Colombia's drug trafficking business has been dominated by two cartels during the two decades in which cocaine trafficking became a major activity: first the Medellin cartel, which dominated during the 1980s and then the Cali cartel, which dominated during the early 1990s. With the arrests of the major Cali cartel leaders in the mid-1990s, independent traffickers have filled the void.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to October 2004

Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to October 2004

Date: November 10, 2004
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to April 2002

Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to April 2002

Date: May 8, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Zedillo and Fox, December 1994-March 2001

Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Zedillo and Fox, December 1994-March 2001

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: December 11, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: September 3, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: July 10, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: June 21, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: June 5, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: May 8, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: March 18, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: January 31, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: December 12, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department