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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Mérida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues

Mérida Initiative for Mexico and Central America: Funding and Policy Issues

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Beittel, June S.
Description: In October 2007, the United States and Mexico announced the Mérida Initiative, a three-year program of U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America to combat drug trafficking, gangs, and organized crime. This report provides an overview and discussion of the funding provided for Mérida, and presents several issues that Congress may consider as it oversees implementation of the Initiative and shapes its future direction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drunk Driving and the National Driver Register

Drunk Driving and the National Driver Register

Date: August 5, 1985
Creator: Segal, Migdon
Description: At the 0.08 BAC level of alcohol, braking, steering, lane changing, and judgment are degraded and the driving performance of virtually all drivers is substantially impaired. During the debate on reauthorization of the federal surface transportation programs, an amendment that would require each state either to enact a 0.08 BAC law or face the loss of a portion of its Federal Highway Trust Fund monies passed the Senate and will likely be considered in the House. This proposal raises questions about the effectiveness and impacts of a 0.08 BAC law, the rights of states versus the federal government, and alternative ways to encourage the states to adopt stronger impaired driving countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colombia: The Problem of Illegal Narcotics and U.S. - Colombian Relations

Colombia: The Problem of Illegal Narcotics and U.S. - Colombian Relations

Date: May 11, 1998
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: The United States has long been concerned with Colombia as a major producer and trafficker of the illegal narcotics entering this country: first marijuana, then cocaine, and now also heroin. Colombia's drug trafficking business has been dominated by two cartels during the two decades in which cocaine trafficking became a major activity: first the Medellin cartel, which dominated during the 1980s and then the Cali cartel, which dominated during the early 1990s. With the arrests of the major Cali cartel leaders in the mid-1990s, independent traffickers have filled the void.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans and Smoking-Related Illnesses: Congress Enacts Limits to Compensation

Veterans and Smoking-Related Illnesses: Congress Enacts Limits to Compensation

Date: August 13, 1998
Creator: Snook, Dennis W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification of Mexico in 1999: Arguments For and Against Congressional Resolutions of Disapproval

Drug Certification of Mexico in 1999: Arguments For and Against Congressional Resolutions of Disapproval

Date: March 30, 1999
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report presents arguments for and against congressional resolutions to disapprove President Clinton’s February 26, 1999 certification of Mexico as a fully cooperative country in efforts to control illicit narcotics.1 These resolutions (H.J.Res. 35--Bachus, and H.J.Res. 43--Mica and Gilman) would disapprove the President’s certification, but would permit him to avoid withholding of assistance to Mexico if he determined that vital national interests required such assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001

Date: January 10, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Date: April 30, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Drug Certification Requirements and Congressional Modifications in 2001-2002

Date: October 22, 2002
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Proposed Congressional Modifications in 2001

Drug Certification Requirements and Proposed Congressional Modifications in 2001

Date: November 6, 2001
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-1998

Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-1998

Date: April 9, 1998
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department