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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: May 7, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides updated information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative before delving into its four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider as it continues to fund and oversee the Mérida Initiative and broader U.S.-Mexican security cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marijuana: Medical and Retail-- Selected Legal Issues

Marijuana: Medical and Retail-- Selected Legal Issues

Date: April 8, 2015
Creator: Garvey, Todd; Doyle, Charles & Carpenter, David H.
Description: This report discusses the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) as it pertains to marijuana. The CSA outlaws the possession, cultivation, and distribution of marijuana except for authorized research. More than 20 states have regulatory schemes that allow possession, cultivation, and distribution of marijuana for medicinal purposes. The U.S. Constitution's Supremacy Clause preempts any state law that conflicts with federal law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Drug Control Policy: Background and U.S. Responses

International Drug Control Policy: Background and U.S. Responses

Date: March 16, 2015
Creator: Rosen, Liana W.
Description: The global illegal drug trade represents a multi-dimensional challenge that has implications for U.S. national interests as well as the international community. This report discusses U.S. international policy frameworks and approaches in response to the issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Date: March 6, 2015
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Fourth Amendment in order to effectively evaluate the constitutionality of laws requiring suspicionless drug tests to receive governmental benefits. It then reviews five Supreme Court decisions that have evaluated these programs. The report concludes with a synthesis of the various factors that likely will be important to a future court's assessment of the constitutionality of these laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: April 8, 2014
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report provides a framework for examining the current status and future prospects for U.S.- Mexican security cooperation. It begins with a brief discussion of the threat that drug trafficking and related crime and violence pose to both nations, followed by an analysis of the evolution of the Mérida Initiative. The report then provides an overview of the Peña Nieto government's security strategy and how it is affecting the Mérida Initiative. The report then examines key aspects of the current U.S.-Mexican security strategy and concludes by raising policy issues that may affect bilateral efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marijuana: Medical and Retail -- An Abbreviated View of Selected Legal Issues

Marijuana: Medical and Retail -- An Abbreviated View of Selected Legal Issues

Date: March 25, 2014
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the federal law regarding marijuana that is classified as a Schedule I Controlled Substance. The federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) outlaws the possession, cultivation, or distribution of marijuana except for authorized research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marijuana: Medical and Retail -- Selected Legal Issues

Marijuana: Medical and Retail -- Selected Legal Issues

Date: March 25, 2014
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses state medical marijuana laws that grants registered patients, their doctors, and providers immunity from the consequences of state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Bagalman, Erin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report looks at ways that prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), which maintain statewide electronic databases of prescriptions dispensed for controlled substances, can help to deter prescription drug misuse.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Description: This report gives an overview of the issues related to federal or state laws that condition the initial or ongoing receipt of governmental benefits on passing drug tests. These regulations are vulnerable to constitutional challenge, most often due to issues of personal privacy and Fourth Amendment protections against "unreasonable searches."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Drug Control Policy: Background and U.S. Responses

International Drug Control Policy: Background and U.S. Responses

Date: August 13, 2013
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: The report provides background information on drug cultivation, drug trafficking and the consequences of drug trade. This report discusses challenges created by the global illegal drug trade, including: undermining political and regional stability, bolstering the role and capabilities of transnational criminal organizations in the drug trade, and the burden caused by drug use an addition on local communities and economic development. In addition, this report discusses U.S. policy efforts to thwart illegal drug trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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