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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy

Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: March 4, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: At least 50 documented incidents in more than 20 countries around the world, many involving arrest or detention of North Korean diplomats, link North Korea to drug trafficking. Such events, in the context of credible, but unproven, allegations of large scale state sponsorship of drug production and trafficking, raise important issues for the United States and its allies in combating international drug trafficking. The challenge to policy makers is how to pursue an effective counter drug policy and comply with U.S. law which may require cutting off aid to North Korea while pursuing other high-priority U.S. foreign policy objectives including (1) limiting possession and production of weapons of mass destruction; (2) limiting ballistic missile production and export; (3) curbing terrorism, counterfeiting, and international crime; and (4) addressing humanitarian needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sentencing Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines: An Abridged Controlled Substance Example

Sentencing Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines: An Abridged Controlled Substance Example

Date: April 5, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: April 13, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report describes the structure and development of the narcotics trade in Afghanistan and explores its relevance to Afghan, U.S., and international security interests, including the 9/11 Commission’s recommendation that the United States make a long term commitment to the stability and security of Afghanistan. The report provides current statistical information on the opium trade, profiles its various participants, explores alleged narco-terrorist linkages, and reviews the U.S. and international policy response since late 2001. The report also considers current policy debates regarding the role of the U.S. military in future counternarcotics operations in Afghanistan; planned opium poppy eradication; and funding issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War on Drugs: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

War on Drugs: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: June 7, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricanes Katrina

Hurricanes Katrina

Date: October 5, 2005
Creator: Williams, Erin D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Methamphetamine: Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress

Methamphetamine: Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Franco, Celinda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Veillette, Connie & Navarrete-FrĂ­as, Carolina
Description: The United States has supported drug crop eradication and alternative development programs in the Andes for decades. Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru collectively produce nearly the entire global supply of cocaine. In addition, Colombia has become a producer of high quality heroin, most of it destined for the United States and Europe. The United States provides counternarcotics assistance through the Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI). The program supports a number of missions, including interdiction of drug trafficking, illicit crop eradication, alternative development, and rule of law and democracy promotion. From FY2000 through FY2005, the United States has provided a total of about $4.3 billion in ACI funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department