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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Date: December 27, 2001
Creator: Apling, Richard N.
Description: This report discusses Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which assists participating states to serve school-age children with disabilities. The state funding formula, which provides a foundation amount based on states’ FY1999 grants and allocates remaining amounts based on states’ shares of school-age children and of school-age poor children, authorizes a maximum allotment per disabled child served of 40% of the national average per pupil expenditure (APPE). Annual appropriations have never been sufficient to provide each state its maximum allotment; in FY2002, states will receive approximately 16.5% of the national APPE per disabled child served. Some advocates for the program have called upon the Congress to fully fund the formula. An estimated $18.2 billion would be required to provide states the maximum allotment allowed per disabled child served in FY2002, about 2.4 times more than the appropriation of $7.5 billion for FY2002.
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Medicaid

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Medicaid

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Apling, Richard N & Herz, Elicia J
Description: This report begins with an overview of Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It then discusses the distinction made in IDEA between medical services and health services. The report then summarizes the provisions in law that link Medicaid funding to IDEA. Next the report provides an overview of the complexities of Medicaid eligibility and covered services. Following that discussion, the report analyzes possible reasons why Medicaid appears to cover relatively little of IDEA health-related costs. Finally the report outlines possible legislative approaches with respect to Medicaid and IDEA.
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Quarantine and Isolation: Selected Legal Issues Relating to Employment

Quarantine and Isolation: Selected Legal Issues Relating to Employment

Date: November 1, 2008
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee & Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report examines the employment-at-will doctrine, possible application of the public policy exception in the case of a potential influenza pandemic, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and possible application of the nondiscrimination mandates of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
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Civil Rights of Individuals with Disabilities: The Opinions of Judge Alito

Civil Rights of Individuals with Disabilities: The Opinions of Judge Alito

Date: December 2, 2005
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: Judge Samuel Alito Jr. was nominated by President Bush to the U.S. Supreme Court on October 31, 2005. This report examines the opinions written by Judge Alito relating to civil rights for individuals with disabilities and includes a discussion of cases relating to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Fair Housing Amendments Act. In addition, Judge Alito’s federalism decisions are briefly analyzed and their potential impact on disability related issues is discussed. Decisions authored by Judge Alito, as well as selected dissents and decisions where he joined the majority are examined.
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Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Medicare: The 24-Month Waiting Period for SSDI Beneficiaries Under Age 65

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Medicare: The 24-Month Waiting Period for SSDI Beneficiaries Under Age 65

Date: July 14, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
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The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report briefly discusses the nondiscrimination provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which are applicable to emergency preparedness and responses to disasters. The ADA does not include provisions specifically for disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina, for example.
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The Americans with Disabilities Act: Legislation Concerning Notification Prior to Initiating Legal Action

The Americans with Disabilities Act: Legislation Concerning Notification Prior to Initiating Legal Action

Date: October 12, 2005
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides broad nondiscrimination protection in employment, public services, and public accommodation and services operated by private entities. Since the 106th Congress, legislation has been introduced to require plaintiffs to provide notice to the defendant prior to filing a complaint regarding public accommodations. In the 109th Congress, H.R. 2804 was introduced by Representative Foley to amend title III of the ADA to require notification.
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Veterans' Benefits: Benefits Available for Disabled Veterans

Veterans' Benefits: Benefits Available for Disabled Veterans

Date: July 31, 2009
Creator: Scott, Christine & Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report provides information on benefits for disabled veterans, including eligibility, history, and the application process. Information regarding spending and the beneficiaries of these benefits is in the Appendix to this report.
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Veterans Affairs: Benefits for Service-Connected Disabilities

Veterans Affairs: Benefits for Service-Connected Disabilities

Date: May 15, 2008
Creator: Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: This report describes disability compensation, which is a benefit Congress provides to American veterans and their dependents through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Disability compensation is a monthly cash benefit program for veterans currently impaired from past service-connected activities.
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Quarantine and Isolation: Selected Legal Issues Relating to Employment

Quarantine and Isolation: Selected Legal Issues Relating to Employment

Date: May 11, 2009
Creator: Jones, Nancy L. & Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report examines the employment-at-will doctrine, possible application of the public policy exception in the case of a potential influenza pandemic, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and possible application of the nondiscrimination mandates of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department