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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Ace: Final Part B Regulations

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Ace: Final Part B Regulations

Date: December 11, 2008
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee & Lordeman, Ann
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) provides federal funding for the education of children with disabilities and requires, as a condition for the receipt of such funds, the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE). The statute also contains detailed due process provisions to ensure the provision of FAPE. On December 1, 2008, the Department of Education (ED) issued a final regulation to "clarify and strengthen current regulations" promulgated under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The regulations take effect on December 31, 2008. This report looks at the issues raised by changes from the regulations.
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Public Transportation Providers’ Obligations Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Public Transportation Providers’ Obligations Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Date: November 7, 2008
Creator: Toland, Carol
Description: This report discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101 et seq., which is a broad nondiscrimination statute that includes a prohibition of discrimination in public transportation.
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The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Proposed Regulations

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Proposed Regulations

Date: January 6, 2009
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) has often been described as the most sweeping nondiscrimination legislation since the Civil Rights Act of 1964. As stated in the act, its purpose is “to provide a clear and comprehensive national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities.” This report discusses recently proposed regulations that would adopt accessibility standards consistent with the minimum guidelines and requirements issued by the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board.
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The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Pending Supreme Court Decisions 2002-2003

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Pending Supreme Court Decisions 2002-2003

Date: December 31, 2002
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: None
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The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Issues in the U.S. Ratification Debate

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Issues in the U.S. Ratification Debate

Date: January 21, 2015
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Brown, Cynthia
Description: This report discusses the United Nations Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities; its purpose is to promote, protect, and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons with disabilities.
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Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Requirements Concerning the Provision of Interpreters by Hospitals and Doctors

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Requirements Concerning the Provision of Interpreters by Hospitals and Doctors

Date: July 8, 2004
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report briefly discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities by places of public accommodation. This report specifically discusses a common question of whether or not the ADA requires medical doctors and hospitals to provide an interpreter when they have a patient with a hearing disability.
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The Americans with Disabilities Act: Toyota Motor Manufacturing v. Williams

The Americans with Disabilities Act: Toyota Motor Manufacturing v. Williams

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Jones, Nancy L.
Description: The Supreme Court, in Toyota Motor Manufacturing v. Williams, held that to be an individual with a disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) an individual must have substantial limitations on abilities that are central to daily life,rather than only to those abilities used in the workplace. In an unanimous opinion written by Justice O’Connor, the Court interpreted the definition of individual with disability narrowly to exclude individuals who are limited only in the performance of manual tasks associated with their job. This report will briefly discuss Williams and its implications for the ADA.
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Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Date: April 28, 2003
Creator: Panangala, Sidath V.
Description: This report discusses the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which is the nation's major program providing comprehensive vocational rehabilitation (VR) services to help persons with physical and mental disabilities become employable and achieve full integration into society.
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Section 811 and Other HUD Housing Programs for Persons with Disabilities

Section 811 and Other HUD Housing Programs for Persons with Disabilities

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report describes how federal funds are used to develop housing designated for persons with disabilities. It also discusses current issues surrounding housing for persons with disabilities.
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Amendments Relating to the Discipline of Children with Disabilities in H.R. 1 and S.1, 107th Congress

Amendments Relating to the Discipline of Children with Disabilities in H.R. 1 and S.1, 107th Congress

Date: June 22, 2001
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report discusses the Better Education for Students and Teachers Act, which would eliminate the requirement for educational services to children with disabilities in certain situations.
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Access to Paper Currency by Visually Impaired Individuals: The American Council of the Blind v. Paulson

Access to Paper Currency by Visually Impaired Individuals: The American Council of the Blind v. Paulson

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Toland, Carol
Description: In May 2008, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia issued a decision in The American Council of the Blind v. Paulson. The court held that under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Treasury Department of the U.S. government discriminates against blind and visually impaired individuals through the issuance of currency in denominations which are not readily distinguishable by touch. The Treasury Department did not file an appeal of the decision, and the case was remanded to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia to address the American Council of the Blind’s request for injunctive relief. The House Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Trade, and Technology held a hearing on this issue on July 30, 2008. This report discusses the court of appeals’ decision and factors and viewpoints by affected parties that may have implications for a proposed remedy.
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Services in Private Schools under P.L. 108-446

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Services in Private Schools under P.L. 108-446

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report examines the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, P.L. 108-446, which makes several changes to the previous law regarding children with disabilities in private schools. Generally, children with disabilities enrolled by their parents in private schools are to be provided special education and related services to the extent consistent with the number and location of such children in the school district served by a LEA pursuant to several requirements. These requirements include new provisions relating to direct services to parentally placed private school children with disabilities, the calculation of the proportionate amount of funds, and a requirement for record keeping.
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Medicaid and Schools

Medicaid and Schools

Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Herz, Elicia J.
Description: This report discusses the recent history and current issues facing Medicaid funding for certain health related costs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: House and Senate Amendments to Juvenile Justice Legislation

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: House and Senate Amendments to Juvenile Justice Legislation

Date: August 20, 1999
Creator: Jones, Nancy L.
Description: This report discusses legislative issues regarding the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which provides federal funds to the states to assist them in providing an education for children with disabilities.
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Rehabilitation Act: Summary of 1998 Reauthorization Legislation

Rehabilitation Act: Summary of 1998 Reauthorization Legislation

Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: O’Shaughnessy, Carol
Description: This report discusses the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which provides comprehensive vocational rehabilitation (VR) services designed to help individuals with physical and mental disabilities become employable and to facilitate independence and integration into society.
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The Use of Seclusion and Restraint in Public Schools: The Legal Issues

The Use of Seclusion and Restraint in Public Schools: The Legal Issues

Date: October 14, 2010
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee & Feder, Jody
Description: Seclusion and restraint have been used in various situations to deal with violent or noncompliant behavior. Because of congressional interest in the use of seclusion and restraint in schools, including passage of H.R. 4247 and the introduction of S. 2860, 111th Congress, first session, this report focuses on the legal issues concerning the use of these techniques in schools, including their application both to children covered by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and to those not covered by IDEA.
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Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals

Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals

Date: February 8, 1984
Creator: Smith, Mary F.
Description: This report discusses the final rule regarding handicapped infants published in the Federal register by HHS on January 12, 1984. Legislative action in response to the Infant Doe issue is also discussed.
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The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

Date: June 30, 2010
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which provides broad nondiscrimination protection for individuals with disabilities in employment, public services, and public accommodations and services operated by private entities. Although the ADA does not include provisions specifically discussing its application to disasters, its nondiscrimination provisions are applicable to emergency preparedness and responses to disasters.
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The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Emergency Preparedness and Response

Date: January 5, 2010
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which provides broad nondiscrimination protection for individuals with disabilities in employment, public services, and public accommodations and services operated by private entities. Although the ADA does not include provisions specifically discussing its application to disasters, its nondiscrimination provisions are applicable to emergency preparedness and responses to disasters.
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Military Support to the Severely Disabled: Overview of Service Programs

Military Support to the Severely Disabled: Overview of Service Programs

Date: March 29, 2007
Creator: Henning, Charles A.
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) and each of the military services have established new programs to care for the severely disabled, ensuring rehabilitative assistance and easing the transition back to civilian life. Congress has followed these initiatives with interest and recently directed DOD to develop policies and procedures to standardize these programs. This report examines the background for the new initiatives and provides a status of each program, including contact information.
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The Americans with Disabilities Act: Supreme Court Decisions

The Americans with Disabilities Act: Supreme Court Decisions

Date: December 12, 2007
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides broad nondiscrimination protection for individuals with disabilities in employment, public services, public accommodations and services operated by private entities, transportation, and telecommunications. Enacted in 1990, the ADA is a civil rights statute that has as its purpose “to provide a clear and comprehensive national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities.” It has been the subject of numerous lower court decisions, and the Supreme Court has decided 20 ADA cases, most recently United States v. Georgia. This report examines the Supreme Court decisions on the ADA.
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Alert Systems for Missing Adults in Eleven States: Background and Issues for Congress

Alert Systems for Missing Adults in Eleven States: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 7, 2009
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L. & Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report discusses the emerging development of nationwide alert systems to recover missing adults, such as those with mental impairment (such as Alzheimer's disease), developmental disabilities, or suicidal tendencies. This report provides an overview of such alert systems in 11 states: Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Texas, and Virginia. This report also provides a discussion of issues for Congress to consider with respect to the federal role, if any, in developing state alert programs for missing adults.
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Possible Voucher Issues

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Possible Voucher Issues

Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Apling, Richard N.; Jones, Nancy L. & Smole, David P
Description: Congress is considering reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) program (the main federal program providing special education and related services to children with disabilities). Among the options being discussed is increasing parental choice under IDEA. This report provides background on current federal choice programs and on the Florida McKay Scholarship program, which provides scholarships for children with disabilities enrolled in the state’s public schools to attend other public schools or to attend participating private schools. The report concludes with a discussion of possible issues that a federal special education voucher program might raise.
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The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Overview of P.L. 108-446

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Overview of P.L. 108-446

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Jones, Nancy L. & Apling, Richard N.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the main federal program concerning the education of children with disabilities. It authorizes state and local aid for special education and related services for children with disabilities and contains detailed due process protections for children with disabilities and their parents. On December 3, 2004, President Bush signed “the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Improvement Act” (P.L. 108-446), a major reauthorization and revision of IDEA. The new law preserves the basic structure and civil rights guarantees of IDEA but also makes significant changes in the law. Most provisions of P.L. 108-446 go into effect on July 1, 2005. This report will briefly discuss several of the major changes made by the reauthorization.
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