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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 5, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate program, a program to procure a large number of LCSs and modified LCSs. Congress's decisions on the LCS/Frigate program will affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 5, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Ohio replacement program (ORP), a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy's current force of 14 Ohio-class SSBNs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance and Cooperation: Shared Responsibility of the Departments of State and Defense

Security Assistance and Cooperation: Shared Responsibility of the Departments of State and Defense

Date: April 4, 2016
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. assistance to and engagement with foreign military and other security forces, focusing on Department of State and DOD roles. It lays out the historical evolution and current framework of the Department of State-DOD shared responsibility. It concludes with a brief overview of salient issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities--Background and Issues for Congress

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities--Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 31, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on China's naval modernization effort and its implications for U.S. Navy capabilities. Decisions that Congress reaches on this issue could affect U.S. Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the U.S. defense industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Date: March 30, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report briefly describes the shift in the international security environment that some observers believe has occurred, and identifies some defense related issues for Congress that could arise from it. Congress's decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Date: March 29, 2016
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J. & Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report addresses common questions regarding Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR)--the military campaign to counter the Islamic State (IS)--which has three primary components: coordinated air strikes, training and equipping local security forces, and targeted special operations based out of northern Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 25, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Navy's irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) operations. Congress's decisions regarding Navy IW and CT operations can affect Navy operations and funding requirements, and the implementation of the nation's overall IW and CT strategies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Chinese Military: Overview and Issues for Congress

The Chinese Military: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: March 24, 2016
Creator: Rinehart, Ian E.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Chinese military. In order to cover a wide range of issues in a concise format, the report does not go into great depth on many topics and omits other topics that might be considered germane.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on three potential new weapons that could improve the ability of Navy surface ships to defend themselves against enemy missiles--solid state lasers (SSLs), the electromagnetic railgun (EMRG), and the hypervelocity projectile (HVP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 17, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report presents background information and issues for Congress concerning the Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans. Decisions that Congress makes on Navy shipbuilding programs can substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy John Lewis (TAO-205) Class Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy John Lewis (TAO-205) Class Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 15, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the John Lewis (TAO-205) class oiler shipbuilding program, a program to build a new class of 17 fleet oilers for the Navy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 14, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate program, a program to procure a large number of LCSs and modified LCSs. Congress's decisions on the LCS/Frigate program will affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Burial Benefits and National Cemeteries

Veterans' Benefits: Burial Benefits and National Cemeteries

Date: March 11, 2016
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report provides a descriptive analysis of both nonmonetary and monetary burial benefits and national cemeteries. It addresses congressional and constituent issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 8, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Ohio replacement program (ORP), a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy's current force of 14 Ohio-class SSBNs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress

The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress

Date: February 26, 2016
Creator: Lucas, Nathan J. & McInnis, Kathleen J.
Description: This report discusses the National Security Strategy (NSS), a document released by the Obama Administration which states that its purpose is to "set out the principles and priorities to guide the use of American power and influence in the world." This update emphasizes a shift away from the U.S. role in the world being largely a catalyst for action by international institutions to one that reflects more involved leadership both inside those institutions and between nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress

The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress

Date: February 26, 2016
Creator: Lucas, Nathan J. & McInnis, Kathleen J.
Description: This report discusses the National Security Strategy (NSS), a document released by the Obama Administration which states that its purpose is to "set out the principles and priorities to guide the use of American power and influence in the world."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 26, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses issues surrounding the funding for development of Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC). The Marines are required by law to have the necessary equipment to conduct amphibious operations and land operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General and Flag Officers in the U.S. Armed Forces: Background and Considerations for Congress

General and Flag Officers in the U.S. Armed Forces: Background and Considerations for Congress

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence
Description: This report provides an overview of active duty general and flag officers (GFOs) in the United States Armed Forces-- including authorizations, duties, and compensation--historical trends in the proportion of GFOs relative to the total force, criticisms and justifications of GFO to total force proportions, and statutory controls. National Guard and Reserve GFOs are not addressed in this report, unless they are serving on active duty in a manner that counts against the active duty caps on GFOs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV), which is an Army-led, multi-service initiative to develop a family of light tactical vehicles as a successor to the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs). It includes background information; a description of the JLTV program, program history, and program activities; information about the JLTV contract, Lockheed Martin's protest to the program, budgetary issues, and potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J. & Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report briefly discusses various arguments regarding the introduction of additional ground forces to secure territory once it has been taken back from the Islamic State.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2016 Changes to DOD's 1033 Program

FY2016 Changes to DOD's 1033 Program

Date: February 16, 2016
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report briefly discusses the current status of the Department of Defense's (DOD's) 1033 Program, under which excess DOD property -- such as personal computers, vehicles, and firearms -- are made available to qualified federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Virginia-class nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) program. The Navy's proposed FY2017 budget requests $4,955.2 million in procurement and advance procurement (AP) funding for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers civil works program, including congressional authorization and appropriations. Its civil works responsibilities are principally to support navigation, reduce flood and storm damage, and protect and restore aquatic ecosystems. The report also covers the standard project development process for Corps projects and other Corps activities and authorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-Japan Alliance

The U.S.-Japan Alliance

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Rinehart, Ian E.
Description: This report focuses on the political and military partnership between the United States and Japan. The U.S.-Japan alliance, forged in the U.S. occupation of Japan after its defeat in World War II, provides a platform for U.S. military readiness in Asia. Under the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security, about 53,000 U.S. troops are stationed in Japan, providing the major U.S. forward logistics base in the Asia-Pacific.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department