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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Responses to International Conflict and Terrorism: Property Rights Issues

Federal Responses to International Conflict and Terrorism: Property Rights Issues

Date: October 6, 2004
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report reveals that based on case law to date, Takings Clause limits on federal response to international threats appear to be few, but most certainly do exist – chiefly when private property is impressed into military service not in the theater of actual war.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: May 9, 2007
Creator: unknown
Description: This report provides a brief background analysis and recent developments regarding China’s Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles. The report includes topics such as: Recent Proliferation Transfers, chemical, nuclear, and missile technology sales to Iran, Pakistan, Libya, Syria, trade controls, nonproliferation and arms control.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Date: May 31, 2007
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne
Description: This report presents casualty data compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD), as tallied from the agency’s press releases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's homeland security (HLS) and homeland defense (HLD) operations, which raise several potential oversight issues for Congress, including Navy coordination with the Coast Guard in HLS and HLD operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 5, 2004
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses potential Navy homeland security roles include defending the United States against ballistic or cruise missile attack, defending U.S. naval bases and naval computer networks against attack, searching for terrorists at sea, and assisting civil authorities in responding to terrorist attacks. The Navy’s role in homeland security raises several potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's homeland security (HLS) and homeland defense (HLD) operations, which raise several potential oversight issues for Congress, including Navy coordination with the Coast Guard in HLS and HLD operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Long Can the Defense Department Finance FY2008 Operations in Advance of Supplemental Appropriations?

How Long Can the Defense Department Finance FY2008 Operations in Advance of Supplemental Appropriations?

Date: December 10, 2007
Creator: Belasco, Amy & Towell, Pat
Description: This report analyzes war funding for the Defense Department and tracks funding for USAID and VA Medical funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2005
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report discusses legislative initiatives to address the challenges facing the U.S. Intelligence Community in the 21st century. Growing concerns about transnational threats, especially terrorism, are leading to increasingly close cooperation between intelligence and law enforcement agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 3, 2009
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report includes background on the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) program, which is is currently being developed by the Army and the Marine Corps as a successor to the 11 different versions of the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) that have been in service since 1985. It includes a discussion of recent program activities, foreign participants, budgetary issues, and potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Date: January 5, 2007
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.
Description: For some time there has been a growing sense of urgency to develop and deploy effective missile defenses against a range of long and short range ballistic missile threats. Although many might believe this to be relative new to U.S. national security objectives, such interest has been ongoing since the 1960s, and many current technologies being investigated date their start to the early 1980s. This effort has been challenging technically and politically controversial. Some $110 billion has been spent since the mid-1980s; Congress appropriated $9.3 billion in FY2006. Many observers expect that the 110th Congress will review the current technology and BMD test program in 2007. This report provides a brief overview of U.S. efforts to date.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Date: January 28, 2008
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.
Description: For some time now, ballistic missile defense (BMD) has been a key national security priority, even though such interest has been ongoing since the end of World War II. Many current BMD technologies date their start to the 1980s, and even earlier. This effort has been challenging technically and politically controversial. More than $120 billion has been spent on a range of BMD programs since the mid-1980s; Congress appropriated $9.4 billion for FY2007 and $9.9 billion for FY2008. This report provides a brief overview of U.S. BMD efforts to date.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Date: July 9, 2007
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.
Description: For some time there has been a growing sense of urgency to develop and deploy effective missile defenses against a range of long and short range ballistic missile threats. Although many might believe this to be relative new to U.S. national security objectives, such interest has been ongoing since the end of World War II. Many current technologies being investigated date their start to the 1980s, and earlier. This effort has been challenging technically and politically controversial. Some $110 billion has been spent since the mid-1980s; Congress appropriated $9.3 billion in FY2006. For FY2008 the Administration requested $8.9 billion for the Missile Defense Agency. This report provides a brief overview of U.S. efforts to date.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Republic of the Marshall Islands Changed Circumstances Petition to Congress

Republic of the Marshall Islands Changed Circumstances Petition to Congress

Date: March 14, 2005
Creator: Lum, Thomas; Thomas, Kenneth R; Redhead, C. Stephen; Bearden, David M; Holt, Mark & Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report summarizes U.S. nuclear testing on the Marshall Islands, U.S. compensation efforts to date, relevant provisions in the Compact of Free Association, and the Changed Circumstances Petition. It analyzes several issues related to the personal injury, health care, and property damages claims in the Petition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Military Draft and a Possible War with Iraq

The Military Draft and a Possible War with Iraq

Date: December 31, 2002
Creator: Goldich, Robert L.
Description: This report analyzes the possible scenarios under which the resumption of a draft might be militarily necessary, describes some of the social rationales for and against resuming the draft that have been cited (independent of military requirements), and itemizes the current status of the draft and action required for its reinstatement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Operation Iraqi Freedom and the Global War on Terror: Selected Legislation from the 110th Congress

Operation Iraqi Freedom and the Global War on Terror: Selected Legislation from the 110th Congress

Date: September 17, 2007
Creator: Klarman, Kim W.; Mages, Lisa & Towell, Pat
Description: This report consists of a series of tables that summarize the legislation concerning Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) considered to date during the 110th Congress, as well as a select group of amendments to H.R. 1585, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (currently awaiting Senate action), that relate to either OIF or the Global War on Terror (GWOT).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M. & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the two separate FY2006 supplemental appropriations requests submitted on February 16, 2006. The first, totaling $72.4 billion, would fund ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan ($67.9 billion), non-DOD intelligence operations ($0.3 billion), State Department operations in Iraq and various foreign aid programs, including additional assistance for Iraq ($4.2 billion), and other counter-terrorism funding for other agencies ($12 million). The other supplemental would provide $19.8 billion for recovery and reconstruction activities in hurricane affected Gulf Coast areas. Thus, Congress is to consider during the early months of 2006 a combined spending proposal of $92.2 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: A Chronology, FY1970-FY2005

Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: A Chronology, FY1970-FY2005

Date: December 14, 2004
Creator: Carter, Linwood B. & Coipuram Jr., Thomas
Description: This report is a research aid, which lists the Department of Defense (DOD) authorization bills (Table 1) and appropriations bills (Table 2).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Date: July 23, 2009
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on issues regarding peacekeeping efforts, as well as stabilization and reconstruction operations. It also discusses proposals and tracks related legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: January 7, 2009
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses the security problem of China’s role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response since the mid-1990s
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Date: February 15, 2007
Creator: O’Bryant, JoAnne
Description: This report provides statistics on fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: March 6, 2001
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report outlines the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and related legislation. The report discusses a comprehensive test ban treaty, which is the oldest item on the nuclear arms control agenda.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
START II Debate in the Russian Duma: Issues and Prospects

START II Debate in the Russian Duma: Issues and Prospects

Date: April 17, 2000
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The Russian Duma, the lower house of the Russian Parliament approved ratification of the START II Treaty on April 14, 2000, after 7 years of debate and dissension. (The United States Senate approved ratification of the treaty in January 1996.) This report describes key concerns raised by Members of the Duma during their discussions of START II. These include concerns with treaty provisions, such as its ban on multiple warhead ICBMs and its warhead "downloading" provisions, and concerns with Russia's ability to maintain and finance its strategic nuclear forces in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Air Refueling: The KC-X Aircraft Acquisition Program

Air Force Air Refueling: The KC-X Aircraft Acquisition Program

Date: March 4, 2008
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Knight, William
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Air Force in-flight aerial refueling aircraft program. The KC-135, which makes up the preponderance of the Air Force's tanker force, is among the Air Force's oldest aircraft.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Deepwater program, which is a 20- to 25-year acquisition effort to replace or modernize 93 aging Coast Guard ships and 207 aging Coast Guard aircraft. The program’s estimated total acquisition cost is $19 billion to $24 billion. On March 25, 2005 the Coast Guard submitted to Congress a revised implementation plan for the program that alters the planned capabilities and numbers of Deepwater assets and the schedule for acquiring or modernizing them. Some Members of Congress have criticized the revised implementation plan. The Coast Guard’s proposed FY2006 budget requests $966 million for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department