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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1761 - 1784 of 2,904
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Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations: Issues of U.S. Military Involvement

Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations: Issues of U.S. Military Involvement

Date: May 18, 2006
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans' Affairs, FY2007 Appropriations

Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans' Affairs, FY2007 Appropriations

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Else, Daniel H; Graney, Paul J & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Military Quality of Life and Veterans Affairs and Senate Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Subcommittees. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security and Military Support: Legal Authorizations and Restrictions

Border Security and Military Support: Legal Authorizations and Restrictions

Date: May 15, 2006
Creator: Vina, Stephen R
Description: The military generally provides support to law enforcement and immigration authorities along the southern border. Reported escalations in violence and illegal immigration, however, have prompted some lawmakers to reevaluate the extent and type of military support that occurs in the border region. President Bush has reportedly announced an interest in sending National Guard troops to support the Border Patrol. Addressing domestic laws and activities with the military, however, might run afoul of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits use of the armed forces to perform the tasks of civilian law enforcement unless explicitly authorized. There are alternative legal authorities for deploying the National Guard, and the precise scope of permitted activities and funds may vary with the authority exercised. This report will be updated as warranted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: May 15, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

Date: May 11, 2006
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: U.S. Military Operations

Iraq: U.S. Military Operations

Date: May 9, 2006
Creator: Bowman, Steven
Description: The major challenges to coalition forces are now quelling a persistent Iraqi resistance movement and training sufficient Iraqi forces to assume responsibility for the nations domestic security. This report discusses military planning and operations in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi Civilian, Police, and Security Forces Casualty Estimates

Iraqi Civilian, Police, and Security Forces Casualty Estimates

Date: May 8, 2006
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents various estimates of Iraqi civilian, police, and security forces casualties. The Department of Defense (DOD) regularly updates total U.S. military deaths and wounded statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom, as reflected in CRS Report RS21578, Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties. However, no Iraqi or U.S. government office regularly releases statistics on Iraqi civilian deaths, Iraqi police deaths, or Iraqi security forces deaths. Statistics on these topics are sometimes available through alternative sources, such as nonprofit organizations, or through statements made by officials to the press.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Future Combat System (FCS): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Future Combat System (FCS): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: The Future Combat System (FCS) is the U.S. Army’s multiyear, multibillion dollar program at the heart of the Army’s transformation efforts. The FCS program exists in a dynamic national security environment which could significantly influence the program’s outcome. The FCS is experiencing a number of program development issues - with some technologies advancing quicker than anticipated, others progressing along predicted lines, while still others not meeting the Army’s expectations. Congress, in its authorization, appropriation, and oversight roles may wish to review the FCS program in terms of its capabilities and program costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Large-scale assistance programs are being undertaken by the United States following the war with Iraq. To fund such programs, in April 2003, Congress approved a $2.48 billion Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) in the FY2003 Supplemental Appropriation. In November 2003, the FY2004 Supplemental Appropriation provided an additional $18.4 billion for the IRRF. Many reconstruction efforts on the ground are underway, but security concerns have slowed progress considerably. Of the nearly $29 billion in appropriated funds from all accounts directed at reconstruction purposes, close to 40% is targeted at infrastructure projects -- roads, sanitation, electric power, oil production, etc. About 38% is used to train and equip Iraqi security forces. A range of programs -- accounting for roughly 22% of appropriations -- are in place to offer expert advice to the Iraqi government, establish business centers, rehabilitate schools and health clinics, provide school book and vaccinations, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Army's Modular Redesign: Issues for Congress

U.S. Army's Modular Redesign: Issues for Congress

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs and Issues

Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs and Issues

Date: May 3, 2006
Creator: Critchlow, Robert D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: May 2, 2006
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Emergency Powers

National Emergency Powers

Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: This report the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601-1651) that eliminated or modified some statutory grants of emergency authority, required the President to declare formally the existence of a national emergency and to specify what statutory authority, activated by the declaration, would be used, and provided Congress a means to countermand the President's declaration and the activated authority being sought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Periods of War

Periods of War

Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Armed Forces Abroad: Selected Congressional Votes Since 1982

U.S. Armed Forces Abroad: Selected Congressional Votes Since 1982

Date: April 28, 2006
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: April 27, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight

Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report is an overview of the major training activities and facilities of the federal departments and agencies that provide counter-terrorism training. It identifies some of the issues associated with the training, including the possible duplication of federal counter-terrorism training programs; determination of Department of Homeland Security counterterrorism training priorities; and possible redundancy and coordination of DHS counter-terrorism training programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Date: April 21, 2006
Creator: Weiss, Martin A
Description: This report proceeds in three parts. The first provides a snapshot of the Iraq debt situation following the ouster of the Saddam regime. The second discusses subsequent debt relief negotiations and their resolution. The third presents three possible implications for future debt relief cases that arise from Iraq’s experience. They are: (1) a willingness by the international community to grant a stay on the enforcement of creditor rights, (2) an increased flexibility in Paris Club debt relief decisions, and (3) an unwillingness by successor regimes to claim that their debt is odious and repudiate it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Date: April 21, 2006
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department