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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Afghanistan Casualties: Military Forces and Civilians
This report collects statistics from a variety of sources on casualties sustained during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), which began on October 7, 2001, and is ongoing. OEF actions take place primarily in Afghanistan, but OEF casualties also include American casualties in other countries, listed within this report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29580/
Afghanistan Casualties: Military Forces and Civilians
This report collects statistics from a variety of sources on casualties sustained during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), which began on October 7, 2001, and is ongoing. OEF actions take place primarily in Afghanistan, but OEF casualties also include American casualties in other countries, listed within this report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33012/
Afghanistan Casualties: Military Forces and Civilians
This report collects statistics from a variety of sources on casualties sustained during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), which began on October 7, 2001, and is ongoing. OEF actions take place primarily in Afghanistan, but OEF casualties also include American casualties in other countries, listed within this report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40087/
Afghanistan Casualties: Military Forces and Civilians
This report collects statistics from a variety of sources on casualties sustained during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), which began on October 7, 2001, and is ongoing. OEF actions take place primarily in Afghanistan; however, OEF casualties also includes American casualties in Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, the Philippines, Seychelles, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Yemen. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40086/
U.S. Military Casualty Statistics: Operation New Dawn, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Enduring Freedom
This report presents statistics regarding U.S. military casualties in Operation New Dawn (OND, Iraq), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF, Iraq), and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF, Afghanistan), including those concerning post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), traumatic brain injury (TBI), amputations, evacuations, and the demographics of casualties. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98128/
Afghanistan Casualties: Military Forces and Civilians
This report collects statistics from a variety of sources on casualties sustained during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), which began on October 7, 2001, and is ongoing. OEF actions take place primarily in Afghanistan, but OEF casualties also include American casualties in other countries, listed within this report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87150/
Countering Violent Extremism in the United States
In August 2011, the Obama Administration announced its counter-radicalization strategy. It is devised to address the forces that influence some people living in the United States to acquire and hold radical or extremist beliefs that may eventually compel them to commit terrorism. This is the first such strategy for the federal government, which calls this effort “combating violent extremism” (CVE). This report provides examples of recent Administration CVE activity and examines some of the risks and challenges evident in the SIP's three objectives. The report also diagrams and briefly discusses the “future activities and efforts” outlined in the SIP for each of these three objectives. A number of areas may call for oversight from Congress. These include the following: picking partners and establishing "rules of the road," intervention with at-risk individuals, identifying programs to assist grassroots CVE efforts, countering extremist ideas, the lack of a lead agency, and transparency. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87235/
Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers
This report addresses the role of military pay in manning the Armed Forces, the types of pay increases used in the past, recent reforms in managing pay, and the role of the Employment Cost Index in determining basic pay increases. The report also reviews the compensation benefits specifically available to military personnel participating in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF)/Operation New Dawn (OND) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40205/
U.S. Military Casualty Statistics: Operation New Dawn, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Enduring Freedom
This report presents difficult-to-find statistics regarding U.S. military casualties in Operation New Dawn (OND), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF, Afghanistan), including those concerning post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), traumatic brain injury (TBI), amputations, evacuations, and the demographics of casualties. Some of these statistics are publicly available at the Department of Defense's (DOD's) website, while others have been obtained through contact with experts at DOD. Daily updates of total U.S. military casualties in OND, OIF, and OEF can be found at the DOD's website, at http://www.defenselink.mil/news/casualty.pdf. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29744/
Arms Control and Strategic Nuclear Weapons: Unilateral vs. Bilateral Reductions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1590/
Army Aviation: The RAH-66 Comanche Helicopter Issue
Although it has been a high priority Army program, a number of factors have complicated the RAH-66 Comanche program. Since its inception, the program has been restructured several times–postponing the initial operational capability (IOC) and increasing overall program costs. Presently, there is debate within the Army regarding whether the program should be reduced significantly to make funds available to pursue other modernization priorities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1146/
Army Aviation: The RAH-66 Comanche Helicopter Issue
Although it has been a high priority Army program, a number of factors have complicated the RAH-66 Comanche program. Since its inception, the program has been restructured several times–postponing the initial operational capability (IOC) and increasing overall program costs. Presently, there is debate within the Army regarding whether the program should be reduced significantly to make funds available to pursue other modernization priorities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4305/
Army Aviation: The RAH-66 Comanche Helicopter Issue
Although it has been a high priority Army program, a number of factors have complicated the RAH-66 Comanche program. Since its inception, the program has been restructured several times–postponing the initial operational capability (IOC) and increasing overall program costs. Presently, there is debate within the Army regarding whether the program should be reduced significantly to make funds available to pursue other modernization priorities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4306/
Army Transformation and Modernization: Overview and Issues for Congress
The U.S. Army has begun an ambitious program intended to transform itself into a strategically responsive force dominant in all types of ground operations. As planned, its Objective Force will eventually meld all ongoing initiatives into a force based on a high-tech Future Combat System. This short report briefly describes the program and discusses issues of feasibility, viability, and affordability of potential interest to Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1598/
Army Transformation and Modernization: Overview and Issues for Congress
The U.S. Army has begun an ambitious program intended to transform itself into a strategically responsive force dominant in all types of ground operations. As planned, its Objective Force will eventually meld all ongoing initiatives into a force based on a high-tech Future Combat System. This short report briefly describes the program and discusses issues of feasibility, viability, and affordability of potential interest to Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4309/
Recruiting and Retention: An Overview of FY2005 and FY2006 Results for Active and Reserve Component Enlisted Personnel
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9810/
Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9727/
Nuclear Freeze: Arms Control Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8795/
Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers
In the late 1990s, the military services were facing considerable recruiting and career retention problems. In responding, Congress was mindful of how inadequate pay had contributed to decreased recruit quality in the late 1970s. It authorized larger pay raises, increased special pays and bonuses, provided more recruiting resources, and repealed planned military retired pay reductions for future retirees. Debate continues over what kinds of pay and benefit increases are best for improving recruiting and retention. Of particular interest is the balance between across-the-board pay raises on the one hand, and ones targeted by grade, years of service, and occupational skill, on the other; and between cash compensation on the one hand and improvements in benefits such as housing, health care, and installation services on the other. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10340/
Recruiting and Retention: An Overview of FY2005 and FY2006 Results for Active and Reserve Component Enlisted Personnel
This report provides a brief overview of the recruiting and retention rates for Active and Reserve Component enlisted personnel during FY2005 and the first nine months of FY2006. Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the U.S. has launched several major military operations which have dramatically increased the operations tempo of the military services, required the large scale mobilization of reservists, and resulted in significant battle casualties. These factors have been particularly applicable to the Army, Army Reserve, and Army National Guard, which have shouldered the bulk of the manpower burden associated with the occupation of Iraq. Many observers have expressed concern that these factors might lead to lower recruiting and retention rates, thereby jeopardizing the vitality of today's all-volunteer military. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10373/
Naval Transformation: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8984/
Naval Transformation: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8949/
Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9889/
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8695/
FY2010 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Policy Issues
Military personnel issues typically generate significant interest from many Members of Congress and their staffs. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) selected a number of the military personnel issues considered in deliberations on the House-passed version of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2010. This report provides a brief synopsis of sections that pertain to personnel policy. This report focuses exclusively on the annual defense authorization process. It does not include appropriations, veterans' affairs, tax implications of policy choices or any discussion of separately introduced legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26193/
U.S. Military Dispositions: Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10172/
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process
For years, the British and Irish governments have sought to facilitate a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Northern Ireland. After many ups and downs, the two government and the parties participating in the peace talks announced an agreement on April 10, 1998. The implementation of the resulting Good Friday Agreement continues to be difficult. A political stalemate in Northern Ireland since 2002 has halted the peace process and forced London to suspend the devolved government and to resume governance of the province. British and Irish leaders have set a November 24, 2006, deadline to revive talks on governance in Northern Ireland. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10256/
Iraq Casualties: U.S. Military Forces and Iraqi Civilians, Police, and Security Forces
This report presents U.S. military casualties as well as governmental and nongovernmental estimates of Iraqi civilian, police, and security forces casualties. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31345/
Military Helicopter Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7383/
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7210/
Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8449/
Recruiting, Retention, and Quality in the All-Volunteer Force
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8152/
Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6855/
Naval Transformation: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6948/
Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6803/
Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6802/
Nuclear Nonproliferation Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6520/
Nuclear Nonproliferation Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6624/
Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6729/
Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2547/
Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4332/
Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4331/
Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4330/
Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2549/
Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2548/
NATO Enlargement: Pro and Con Arguments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs614/
NATO Enlargement: Pro and Con Arguments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs613/
NATO's Evolving Role and Missions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs612/
NATO Expansion: Cost Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs611/
NATO Enlargement: The Process and Allied Views
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs421/