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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress
This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior Department of Defense (DOD) leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc282331/
Defense Surplus Equipment Disposal: Background Information
This report discusses the Department of Defense (DOD) policy for disposing of items via the Defense Utilization and Marketing Service (DRMS); this method is used for government equipment and supplies considered surplus or deemed unnecessary to the agency's currently designated mission. The report focuses on DRMS background, as well as the most recent DRMS policy modifications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc287921/
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress
This report provides background information and presents potential issues (and costs) for Congress concerning the U.S. Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc491584/
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress
Report containing the information regarding the Navy's Ohio replacement program, including its budget and Congressional issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227662/
The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA): An Explanation
This report provides a section-by-section summary of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA), which provides civil protections and rights to individuals based on their service in the Reserve and National Guard military units. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462420/
Afghanistan: Soviet Invasion and U.S. Response
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan has raised a number of serious issues and choices for the United States. The train of events seem likely to have an important influence on overall American foreign policy in the 1980s. Reassessment of Soviet motives and of U.S. roles in the world are already in progress. Emerging American attitudes, in turn, will shape more specific policy decisions on several issues, which this issue brief discusses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8151/
Chemical Warfare: A Primer on Agents, Munitions, and Defensive Measures
The recent Department of Defense proposal to develop a capability to modernize and expand the current U.S. chemical warfare munition stocks with binary nerve agent munitions has focused attention on the subject of chemical warfare. This paper provides a brief introductory discussion of modern chemical warfare, describing the types of agents, delivery methods, and defense against chemical agents. It does not discuss policy, strategy, tactics, or disarmament aspects of chemical warfare. These issues w i l l be covered i n CRS Issue Brief IB 8l08l . digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8160/
Recruiting, Retention, and Quality in the All-Volunteer Force
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8152/
Military Manpower Policy and the All-Volunteer Force
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8406/
U.S./Soviet Military Balance: Statistical Trends, 1970-1980
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8705/
The MX Basing Debate: The Reagan Plan and Alternatives
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8588/
United States/Soviet Military Balance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8606/
Nuclear Weapons Freeze Movement: Issues for National Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8616/
Civil Defense and the Effects of Nuclear War
This Info Pack contains material on nuclear weapons and on the anticipated physical, economic, and social consequences of nuclear attacks on the United States, basic information on the civil defense program, and material discussing some of the arguments, pro and con, surrounding the civil defense issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8603/
President Reagan's START Proposal: Projected U.S./U.S.S.R. Ballistic Missile Forces
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8618/
The START Proposal: Verification Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8617/
Technology Transfer And National Security Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9232/
U.S.-Soviet Negotiations to Limit Intermediate-Range Nuclear Weapons
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8501/
Women in the Armed Forces
Women have become an integral part of the armed forces, but several issues remain. One is whether to reduce, maintain, or expand the number of women in the services as the total forces are being reduced. A second question is to what extent women should continue to be excluded from some combat positions by policy. A third question is whether or not women should be included if the draft is reinstated? Would national security be jeopardized or enhanced by increasing reliance on women in the armed forces? Should women have equal opportunities and responsibilities in national defense? Or do role and physical differences between the sexes, the protection of future generations, and other social norms require limiting the assignments of women in the armed forces? Opinion in the United States is deeply divided on the fundamental issues involved. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8513/
Nuclear Freeze: Arms Control Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8795/
Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8796/
Martial Law in Poland
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8807/
NATO Nuclear Forces: Modernization and Arms Controls
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8822/
Selected Articles and Bibliography on the Military Uses of Space
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9177/
Yellow Rain and Related Issues: Implications for the United States
The United States has charged that the Soviet Union is implicated in the use of chemical weapons in Afghanistan and of chemical and toxin weapons, including the toxin known as "Yellow Rain," in Laos and Kampuchea (Cambodia). These charges raise two significant sets of issues: First, issues surrounding the evidence that has been presented to show: (a) that such weapons have been used and (b) that the Soviet Union is implicated in this use. Second, issues connected with the implications of Soviet involvement, if proven, in chemical and toxin warfare. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8829/
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8619/
The War Powers Resolution: A Decade of Experience
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8088/
Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9190/
Standby Draft Registration
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9236/
The Strategic Defense Initiative: Program Description and Major Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8416/
Arms Shipments to Iran
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9063/
Terrorism: U.S. Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9247/
The Strategic Defense Initiative: Program Facts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9591/
The Strategic Defense Initiative: Program Facts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9601/
The Persian Gulf and the U.S. Naval Presence: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9600/
The Reagan Administration Posture Toward the ABM Treaty - Possible Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9593/
The Reagan Administration Posture Toward the ABM Treaty - Possible Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9603/
The Iran-Iraq War: Implications for U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9596/
Persian Gulf and the War Powers Debate: Issue Summary and Review of Events
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8428/
Strategic Defense Initiative: Selected References, 1986-1988
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9249/
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Military Manpower Policy
This issue brief will discuss issues dealing with military manpower policy and the AIDS virus, including the level of the AIDS infection or HIV infection rates in the military; efforts to control the spread of AIDS to and among military personnel; and AIDS in the context of military personnel stationed overseas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8172/
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): Mission Objectives for Directing the Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9248/
The Strategic Defense Initiative: Issues for Phase 1 Deployment
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9617/
The Strategic Defense Initiative: Issues for Phase 1 Deployment
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9608/
Military and Civilian Satellites in Support of Allied Forces in the Persian Gulf War
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7996/
Desert Shield and Desert Storm Implications for Future U.S. Force Requirements
This preliminary assessment summarizes U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps performances during recent war, then relates it to past experience and potential threats in ways that might help decisionmakers determine the most suitable characteristics of U.S. armed forces for the rest of this decade. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6962/
National Emergency Powers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8844/
Persian Gulf War: Defense-Policy Implications for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6963/
Japan's Response to the Persian Gulf Crisis: Implications for U.S. -Japan Relations
This report provides information and analysis for use by Members of Congress as they deliberate on the Japanese response to the Gulf crisis and, perhaps more important, what it may mean for future U.S.-Japanese relations. The first chapter briefly reviews Japanese government actions in response to the crisis, from August 1990 to February 1991. A second section examines in detail the various factors and constraints that affected Japanese policy. The final section offers conclusions and examines implications of the episode for future U.S.-Japanese relations. Published sources for the report are cited in footnotes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8/
Women in the Armed Forces
Women have become an integral part of the armed forces, but they are excluded from most combat jobs. Several issues remain. One is whether to reduce, maintain, or expand the number of women in the services as the total forces are being reduced. A second question is to what extent women should continue to be excluded from some combat positions by policy. Would national security be jeopardized or enhanced by increasing reliance on women in the armed forces? Should women have equal opportunities and responsibilities in national defense? Or do role and physical differences between the sexes, the protection of future generations, and other social norms require limiting the assignments of women in the armed forces? Opinion in the United States is deeply divided on the fundamental issues involved. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8521/
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