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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior Department of Defense (DOD) leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Surplus Equipment Disposal: Background Information

Defense Surplus Equipment Disposal: Background Information

Date: unknown
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the Department of Defense (DOD) policy for disposing of items via the Defense Utilization and Marketing Service (DRMS); this method is used for government equipment and supplies considered surplus or deemed unnecessary to the agency's currently designated mission. The report focuses on DRMS background, as well as the most recent DRMS policy modifications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues (and costs) for Congress concerning the U.S. Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Navy's irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) operations. The Navy's IW and CT activities pose a number of potential oversight issues for Congress, including the definition of Navy IW activities and how much emphasis to place on IW and CT activities in future Navy budgets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Report containing the information regarding the Navy's Ohio replacement program, including its budget and Congressional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA): An Explanation

The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA): An Explanation

Date: 201-08-27
Creator: Mason, Chuck R.
Description: This report provides a section-by-section summary of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA), which provides civil protections and rights to individuals based on their service in the Reserve and National Guard military units.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The MX Basing Debate: The Reagan Plan and Alternatives

The MX Basing Debate: The Reagan Plan and Alternatives

Date: November 2, 1981
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the Reagan MX basing plan, and the FY82 Defense authorization bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Emergency Powers

National Emergency Powers

Date: April 29, 1991
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: This report the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601-1651) that eliminated or modified some statutory grants of emergency authority, required the President to declare formally the existence of a national emergency and to specify what statutory authority, activated by the declaration, would be used, and provided Congress a means to countermand the President's declaration and the activated authority being sought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Date: June 3, 1996
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is the product of legislative efforts stretching back well over a decade and stimulated to passage in part by the tragedies in Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. This report summarizes the six titles of the Act, its sources, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peacekeeping Options: Considerations for U.S. Policymakers and the Congress

Peacekeeping Options: Considerations for U.S. Policymakers and the Congress

Date: April 10, 1997
Creator: Collier, Ellen & Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides a frame of reference for considering the relative merits of using these organizations in peace and security operations. It first reviews the types of actions and activities available to deal with situations ranging from low-level tension to open conflict to post-conflict transition. It then examines, for each of the organizations, the major considerations, i.e., effectiveness, advantages, and disadvantages, and other important issues for U.S. policy makers in their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long Beach: Proposed Lease by China Ocean Shipping Co. (COSCO) at Former Naval Base

Long Beach: Proposed Lease by China Ocean Shipping Co. (COSCO) at Former Naval Base

Date: June 3, 1998
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Technicians: The Issue of Mandatory Retirement for Non-Dual-Status Technicians

Military Technicians: The Issue of Mandatory Retirement for Non-Dual-Status Technicians

Date: March 28, 2000
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence
Description: This report describes the mandatory retirement provisions for certain “non-dual-status” military technicians contained in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (P.L. 106-65), discusses the stated rationale behind the policy, and quantifies the impact it will likely have on individual technicians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
START II Debate in the Russian Duma: Issues and Prospects

START II Debate in the Russian Duma: Issues and Prospects

Date: April 17, 2000
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The Russian Duma, the lower house of the Russian Parliament approved ratification of the START II Treaty on April 14, 2000, after 7 years of debate and dissension. (The United States Senate approved ratification of the treaty in January 1996.) This report describes key concerns raised by Members of the Duma during their discussions of START II. These include concerns with treaty provisions, such as its ban on multiple warhead ICBMs and its warhead "downloading" provisions, and concerns with Russia's ability to maintain and finance its strategic nuclear forces in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: March 6, 2001
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report outlines the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and related legislation. The report discusses a comprehensive test ban treaty, which is the oldest item on the nuclear arms control agenda.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Operation Enduring Freedom: Potential Air Power Questions for Congress

Operation Enduring Freedom: Potential Air Power Questions for Congress

Date: November 21, 2001
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses questions Congress may have concerning the effective use of air power during operation Enduring Freedom, including which aircraft are likely to be involved and how they are used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Effects of Spending on Homeland Security

The Economic Effects of Spending on Homeland Security

Date: November 27, 2001
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: One direct result of the terrorist attacks of September 11 is that the cost of domestic security has risen. That increased cost is likely to be in the form of increased outlays on the military, as well as increases in spending for domestic law enforcement, public safety, and private security services. This report briefly discusses the economic effects of this increased cost looks into how security affects GDP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arms Control and Strategic Nuclear Weapons: Unilateral vs. Bilateral Reductions

Arms Control and Strategic Nuclear Weapons: Unilateral vs. Bilateral Reductions

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: This report discusses changing U.S. policy and priorities in regards to arms control. The report compares the various strengths and weaknesses of unilateral and bilateral approaches to arms reduction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts

Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts

Date: January 30, 2002
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report compares selected procedural safeguards employed in criminal trials in federal criminal court with parallel protective measures in military general courts-martial, military commissions as authorized under the Military Order of November 13, and, as a possible benchmark of international standards, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation

Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation

Date: April 10, 2002
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides background on the purpose, structure, and other aspects of the new Institute for Security Cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Disaster Policies After Terrorists Strike: Issues and Options for Congress

Federal Disaster Policies After Terrorists Strike: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: June 24, 2002
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report is intended to assist Congress as it considers options for consequence management legislation. It provides information on federal policies that would be implemented in the event that terrorist attacks in an attempt to answer the question: Based on experiences gained thus far, should Congress consider changes in federal consequence management policies to address the effects of possible future attacks? The report explores two types of issues--selected administrative issues pertinent to the delivery of assistance, and selected policy issues about the assistance provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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