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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Military Recruitment Provisions Under the No Child Left Behind Act: A Legal Analysis

Military Recruitment Provisions Under the No Child Left Behind Act: A Legal Analysis

Date: January 6, 2006
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans' Affairs, FY2007 Appropriations

Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans' Affairs, FY2007 Appropriations

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Else, Daniel H; Graney, Paul J & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Military Quality of Life and Veterans Affairs and Senate Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Subcommittees. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kinetic Energy Kill for Ballistic Missile Defense: A Status Overview

Kinetic Energy Kill for Ballistic Missile Defense: A Status Overview

Date: January 18, 2006
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Iraq's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments

Date: April 12, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: This report discusses suspicions of an Iranian nuclear weapons program, and Iran’s current plans — to construct seven nuclear power plants (1000 MW each) by 2025.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Date: April 21, 2006
Creator: Weiss, Martin A
Description: This report proceeds in three parts. The first provides a snapshot of the Iraq debt situation following the ouster of the Saddam regime. The second discusses subsequent debt relief negotiations and their resolution. The third presents three possible implications for future debt relief cases that arise from Iraq’s experience. They are: (1) a willingness by the international community to grant a stay on the enforcement of creditor rights, (2) an increased flexibility in Paris Club debt relief decisions, and (3) an unwillingness by successor regimes to claim that their debt is odious and repudiate it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi Civilian, Police, and Security Forces Casualty Estimates

Iraqi Civilian, Police, and Security Forces Casualty Estimates

Date: May 8, 2006
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents various estimates of Iraqi civilian, police, and security forces casualties. The Department of Defense (DOD) regularly updates total U.S. military deaths and wounded statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom, as reflected in CRS Report RS21578, Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties. However, no Iraqi or U.S. government office regularly releases statistics on Iraqi civilian deaths, Iraqi police deaths, or Iraqi security forces deaths. Statistics on these topics are sometimes available through alternative sources, such as nonprofit organizations, or through statements made by officials to the press.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India's Nuclear Separation Plan: Issues and Views

India's Nuclear Separation Plan: Issues and Views

Date: March 3, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: This report provides background on India’s nuclear fuel cycle, a discussion of various issues involved in separating civilian and military nuclear facilities and potential concerns for Congress as it considers whether the United States has adequate assurances that its nuclear cooperation does not assist, encourage, or induce India’s nuclear weapons development, production, or proliferation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arms Shipments to Iran

Arms Shipments to Iran

Date: April 3, 1987
Creator: Preece, Richard M
Description: This report provides background and examines key questions in regards to the shipments of arms to Iran and the subsequent diversion of funds to Nicaraguan guerrillas by the Reagan Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Future Combat System (FCS): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Future Combat System (FCS): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: The Future Combat System (FCS) is the U.S. Army’s multiyear, multibillion dollar program at the heart of the Army’s transformation efforts. The FCS program exists in a dynamic national security environment which could significantly influence the program’s outcome. The FCS is experiencing a number of program development issues - with some technologies advancing quicker than anticipated, others progressing along predicted lines, while still others not meeting the Army’s expectations. Congress, in its authorization, appropriation, and oversight roles may wish to review the FCS program in terms of its capabilities and program costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Naval Transformation: Background and Issues for Congress

Naval Transformation: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: U.S. Military Operations

Iraq: U.S. Military Operations

Date: May 9, 2006
Creator: Bowman, Steven
Description: The major challenges to coalition forces are now quelling a persistent Iraqi resistance movement and training sufficient Iraqi forces to assume responsibility for the nations domestic security. This report discusses military planning and operations in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Date: May 18, 2006
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne
Description: This report provides casualty data compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD), as tallied from the agency’s press releases. Table 1 provides statistics on fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003, and is ongoing, as well as on the number of fatalities since May 1, 2003, plus statistics on those wounded, but not killed, since March 19, 2003. Statistics may be revised as circumstances are investigated and as all records are processed through the U.S. military’s casualty system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy - Issues and Options for Congress

Date: May 24, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: April 3, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Army's Modular Redesign: Issues for Congress

U.S. Army's Modular Redesign: Issues for Congress

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Armed Forces Abroad: Selected Congressional Votes Since 1982

U.S. Armed Forces Abroad: Selected Congressional Votes Since 1982

Date: April 28, 2006
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight

Federal Counter-Terrorism Training: Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report is an overview of the major training activities and facilities of the federal departments and agencies that provide counter-terrorism training. It identifies some of the issues associated with the training, including the possible duplication of federal counter-terrorism training programs; determination of Department of Homeland Security counterterrorism training priorities; and possible redundancy and coordination of DHS counter-terrorism training programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

FY2006 Supplemental Appropriations: Iraq and Other International Activities; Additional Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: May 23, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses FY2006 supplemental appropriations for Iraq and other international activities, as well as Katrina hurricane relief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authorization for Use of Military Force in Response to the 9/11 Attacks (P.L. 107-40): Legislative History

Authorization for Use of Military Force in Response to the 9/11 Attacks (P.L. 107-40): Legislative History

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides a legislative history of the legislation, S.J.Res. 23 , the “Authorization for Use of Military Force” (AUMF), which, as Congress stated in its text, constitutes the legislative authorization for the use of U.S. military force contemplated by the War Powers Resolution. It also is the statute which the President and his attorneys have subsequently cited as an authority for him to engage in electronic surveillance against possible terrorists without obtaining authorization of the special Court created by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978, as amended.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security and Military Support: Legal Authorizations and Restrictions

Border Security and Military Support: Legal Authorizations and Restrictions

Date: May 23, 2006
Creator: Vina, Stephen R
Description: The military generally provides support to law enforcement and immigration authorities along the southern border. Reported escalations in violence and illegal immigration, however, have prompted some lawmakers to reevaluate the extent and type of military support that occurs in the border region. President Bush has reportedly announced an interest in sending National Guard troops to support the Border Patrol. Addressing domestic laws and activities with the military, however, might run afoul of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits use of the armed forces to perform the tasks of civilian law enforcement unless explicitly authorized. There are alternative legal authorities for deploying the National Guard, and the precise scope of permitted activities and funds may vary with the authority exercised.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security and Military Support: Legal Authorizations and Restrictions

Border Security and Military Support: Legal Authorizations and Restrictions

Date: May 15, 2006
Creator: Vina, Stephen R
Description: The military generally provides support to law enforcement and immigration authorities along the southern border. Reported escalations in violence and illegal immigration, however, have prompted some lawmakers to reevaluate the extent and type of military support that occurs in the border region. President Bush has reportedly announced an interest in sending National Guard troops to support the Border Patrol. Addressing domestic laws and activities with the military, however, might run afoul of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits use of the armed forces to perform the tasks of civilian law enforcement unless explicitly authorized. There are alternative legal authorities for deploying the National Guard, and the precise scope of permitted activities and funds may vary with the authority exercised. This report will be updated as warranted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department