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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. This report focuses primarily on biological weapons (rather than chemical weapons) because biological weapons generally are considered the more potent agroterrorism threat. This report also focuses more on the threat of agroterrorism against agricultural production, rather than on food processing and distribution, although the latter is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Manyin, Mark E & Cooper, William H
Description: This report discusses the Japan - U.S. relations. The alliance, with its access to bases in Japan, where about 53,000 U.S. troops are stationed, facilitates the forward deployment of U.S. military forces in the Asia-Pacific, thereby undergirding U.S. national security strategy.
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Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Following years of authoritarian rule and economic sanctions, the United States and the international community agreed in the spring of 2003 that efforts should be made to rehabilitate economic infrastructure and introduce representative government to post-war Iraq, among other objectives. More recently, the Bush Administration has asserted a “victory” strategy composed of eight objectives, five of which are to: transition Iraq to security self-reliance, help Iraqis form a national compact for democratic government, help Iraq build government capacity and provide essential services, help Iraq strengthen its economy, and help Iraq strengthen the rule of law and promote civil rights. To meet these ends, a large-scale assistance program has been undertaken by the United States in Iraq. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
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Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command

Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command

Date: August 18, 2006
Creator: Bowman, Steven R.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM), which was established by the Department of Defense (DOD) to fight terrorism at home. Significant organizational and procedural progress has been made in setting up this organization. However, questions remain concerning interagency relationships and information sharing.
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Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS): Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 18, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans' Affairs, FY2007 Appropriations

Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans' Affairs, FY2007 Appropriations

Date: September 13, 2006
Creator: Else, Daniel H; Graney, Paul J & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Military Quality of Life and Veterans Affairs and Senate Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Subcommittees. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
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Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and Issues for Congress

Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
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Military Service Records and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating Sources

Military Service Records and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating Sources

Date: September 1, 2006
Creator: Gomez-Granger, Julissa & Klarman, Kim Walker
Description: This report is a guide to locating individual service records and military unit histories from the American Revolution to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Research and Development Funding, Organization, and Oversight

Homeland Security Research and Development Funding, Organization, and Oversight

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: The Homeland Security Act consolidated some research and development (R&D) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), whose FY2007 R&D budget (excluding management/procurement) was requested at $1.1 billion, about 10% less than FY2006, and represents the first decline in DHS's R&D funding since the agency started funding R&D in 2002. DHS is mandated to coordinate all federal agency homeland security R&D, which was requested at about $5.1 billion. This report lists related legislation and policy issues relating to DHS's R&D programs.
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Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 12, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) as the Coast Guard’s homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard’s total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
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Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans' Affairs, FY2007 Appropriations

Military Construction, Military Quality of Life and Veterans' Affairs, FY2007 Appropriations

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Else, Daniel H; Graney, Paul J & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Military Quality of Life and Veterans Affairs and Senate Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Subcommittees. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) as the Coast Guard’s homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard’s total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Date: September 8, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry; Veillette, Connie & Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and the Senate Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry; Veillette, Connie & Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report covers funding and policy issues related to Foreign Operations, as addressed in the House and Senate, and State Department programs as debated in the Senate. The discussion and accompanying tables are designed to track the House Foreign Operations Appropriation measure, as well as the broader Senate State, Foreign Operations spending bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: A conference agreement on the FY2007 defense authorization bill, H.R. 5122/S. 2766, is expected soon, and could be voted on in the House as early as September 15. Key issues in the conference have included whether to promote the head of the National Guard to four-star rank and whether to approve multiyear procurement of the F-22 fighter aircraft. On June 22, the Senate passed on its version of the FY2007 defense authorization, S. 2766. The Senate rejected two amendments on Iraq policy, one by Senator Kerry calling for withdrawal of most forces by July 1, 2007, and another by Senator Levin calling for a phased reduction of troops to begin this year. The House passed its version of the authorization, H.R. 5122, on May 11. The House bill authorizes $513 billion for national defense, equal to the request. The Senate bill authorizes $517.7 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: September 5, 2006
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: The Senate began floor debate on the FY2007 defense appropriations bill, H.R. 5631 on August 1, but it did not complete the bill before adjourning for the August recess. The Senate plans to resume action on September 5. As reported by the appropriations committee, the bill provided $453.5 billion for defense, including $50 billion in appropriations for overseas operations. The total is $9.1 billion less than the Administration requested. In floor action, the Senate added substantial amounts to the $50 billion in emergency spending, including $13.1 billion to reequip units returning from abroad and $1.8 billion for border security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: July 27, 2006
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: On July 20, the Senate Appropriations Committee marked up its version of the FY2007 defense appropriations bill, H.R. 5631. Floor action is expected to begin on August 1. The Senate bill provides $453.5 billion defense programs, including $50 billion in appropriations for overseas operations. The total is $9.1 billion less than the Administration requested. Earlier, on June 20, the House passed its version of the bill. It provides $416.3 billion for defense programs, $4.1 billion below the request. The amounts in the House and Senate bills are not directly comparable, since some programs in the Senate bill are covered in the House in the Military Quality of Life/Veterans Affairs appropriations bill, H.R. 5385.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: The Senate began floor debate on the FY2007 defense appropriations bill, H.R. 5631 on August 1, but it did not complete the bill before adjourning for the August recess. The Senate plans to resume action on September 5. As reported by the appropriations committee, the bill provided $453.5 billion for defense, including $50 billion in appropriations for overseas operations. The total is $9.1 billion less than the Administration requested. In floor action, the Senate added substantial amounts to the $50 billion in emergency spending, including $13.1 billion to reequip units returning from abroad and $1.8 billion for border security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2007 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: The Senate began floor debate on the FY2007 defense appropriations bill, H.R. 5631 on August 1, but it did not complete the bill before adjourning for the August recess. The Senate plans to resume action on September 5. As reported by the appropriations committee, the bill provided $453.5 billion for defense, including $50 billion in appropriations for overseas operations. The total is $9.1 billion less than the Administration requested. In floor action, the Senate added substantial amounts to the $50 billion in emergency spending, including $13.1 billion to reequip units returning from abroad and $1.8 billion for border security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
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Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity

Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity

Date: July 10, 2006
Creator: Shea, Dana A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India's Nuclear Separation Plan: Issues and Views

India's Nuclear Separation Plan: Issues and Views

Date: July 21, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: This report provides background on India’s nuclear fuel cycle, a discussion of various issues involved in separating civilian and military nuclear facilities and potential concerns for Congress as it considers whether the United States has adequate assurances that its nuclear cooperation does not assist, encourage, or induce India’s nuclear weapons development, production, or proliferation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department