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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Military Housing Privatization Initiative: Background and Issues

Military Housing Privatization Initiative: Background and Issues

Date: July 2, 2001
Creator: Else, Daniel H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: August 30, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report addresses defense transformation from a DOD-wide perspective. The Bush Administration identified transformation as a major goal for the Department of Defense (DOD) soon after taking office and has since worked to refine and implement its plans for defense transformation. Defense transformation can be defined as large-scale, discontinuous, and possibly disruptive changes in military weapons, concepts of operations (i.e., approaches to warfighting) and organization. The issue for the 109th Congress is how to take the concept of defense transformation into account in assessing and acting on Administration proposals for DOD.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy DDG-1000 (DD(X)), CG(X), and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Navy DDG-1000 (DD(X)), CG(X), and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy DDG-1000 (DD(X)), CG(X), and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Navy DDG-1000 (DD(X)), CG(X), and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy DDG-1000 (DD(X)), CG(X), and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Navy DDG-1000 (DD(X)), CG(X), and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Post-War Iraq: Foreign Contributions to Training, Peacekeeping, and Reconstruction

Post-War Iraq: Foreign Contributions to Training, Peacekeeping, and Reconstruction

Date: July 7, 2006
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M & Blanchard, Christopher M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure

U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure

Date: August 10, 2006
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: July 25, 2006
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: March 10, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: July 17, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: August 2, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: June 21, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administrative Separations for Misconduct: An Alternative or Companion to Military Courts-Martial

Administrative Separations for Misconduct: An Alternative or Companion to Military Courts-Martial

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Velez Pollack, Estela I.
Description: The recent reports of abuse of prisoners held by U.S. military personnel have raised questions about how the armed forces control servicemembers. Congress, under the authorities vested in it by the U.S. Constitution, has enacted procedures for addressing misconduct by servicemembers. One such procedure is an administrative separation under which a member’s continued suitability for service is determined. Administrative separations are non-punitive and can be initiated for a number of reasons, including misconduct or criminal offenses. They may be used in place of or after the servicemember has been subject to a court-martial or nonjudicial punishment. This report provides an overview of administrative separations as an alternative or companion to courts-martial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: International Attitudes to Operation Iraqi Freedom and Reconstruction

Iraq: International Attitudes to Operation Iraqi Freedom and Reconstruction

Date: December 18, 2003
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A; Sharp, Jeremy; Caesar, Melanie; Frost, Adam & Machart, Helene
Description: Although there was widespread international disagreement in the period leading up to the U.S.-led war in Iraq, forty-nine countries demonstrated support for the coalition’s actions in Iraq by publicly agreeing to be included in the Bush Administration’s “coalition of the willing." This report tracks countries’ current political stances on the postwar situation, as well as major foreign monetary and military contributions to postwar Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency committee that serves the President in overseeing the national security implications of foreign investment in the economy. Since it was established by an Executive Order of President Ford in 1975, the committee has operated in relative obscurity.1 According to a Treasury Department memorandum, the Committee originally was established in order to placate Congress, which had grown concerned over the rapid increase in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) investments in American portfolio assets (Treasury securities, corporate stocks and bonds), and to respond to concerns of some that much of the OPEC investments were being driven by political, rather than by economic, motives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: U.S. Policy Options

Terrorism: U.S. Policy Options

Date: June 8, 1987
Creator: Wootten, James P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terminal Operators and Their Role in U.S. Port and Maritime Security

Terminal Operators and Their Role in U.S. Port and Maritime Security

Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Frittelli, John F & Lake, Jennifer E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer And National Security Issues

Technology Transfer And National Security Issues

Date: July 1, 1982
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Defense Initiative: Selected References, 1986-1988

Strategic Defense Initiative: Selected References, 1986-1988

Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Leskovsek, Valentin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): Mission Objectives for Directing the Program

Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): Mission Objectives for Directing the Program

Date: March 2, 1988
Creator: DiMaggio, Cosmo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Standby Draft Registration

Standby Draft Registration

Date: May 29, 1984
Creator: Goldich, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space

Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space

Date: May 4, 1984
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department