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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

Date: July 11, 2006
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy

Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy

Date: September 1, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy

Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy

Date: July 25, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy

Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy

Date: July 11, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy

Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy

Date: August 4, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India-U.S. Relations

India-U.S. Relations

Date: July 31, 2006
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report discusses issues regarding contemporary relations between India and the U.S. Continuing U.S. interest in South Asia focuses on ongoing tensions between India and Pakistan, a problem rooted in unfinished business from the 1947 Partition and competing claims to the Kashmir region. The United States also seeks to curtail the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles in South Asia. U.S. concerns about human rights issues related to regional dissidence and separatism in several Indian states also continue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The War Crimes Act: Current Issues

The War Crimes Act: Current Issues

Date: September 25, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lebanon

Lebanon

Date: June 29, 2006
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lebanon

Lebanon

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interrogation of Detainees: Overview of the McCain Amendment

Interrogation of Detainees: Overview of the McCain Amendment

Date: September 25, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: Controversy has arisen regarding U.S. treatment of enemy combatants and terrorist suspects detained in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other locations, and whether such treatment complies with U.S. statutes and treaties such as the U.N. Convention Against Torture and Other Forms of Cruel and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) and the 1949 Geneva Conventions. Congress approved additional guidelines concerning the treatment of detainees via the Detainee Treatment Act (DTA), which was enacted pursuant to both the Department of Defense, Emergency Supplemental Appropriations to Address Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico, and Pandemic Influenza Act, 2006 (P.L. 109-148), and the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006 (P.L. 109-163). Among other things, the DTA contains provisions that (1) require Department of Defense (DOD) personnel to employ United States Army Field Manual guidelines while interrogating detainees, and (2) prohibit the “cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment of persons under the detention, custody, or control of the United States Government.” These provisions of the DTA, which were first introduced by Senator John McCain, have popularly been referred to as the “McCain Amendment.” This report discusses the McCain Amendment, as modified and subsequently enacted into law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interrogation of Detainees: Overview of the McCain Amendment

Interrogation of Detainees: Overview of the McCain Amendment

Date: September 20, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.
Description: Controversy has arisen regarding U.S. treatment of enemy combatants and terrorist suspects detained in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other locations, and whether such treatment complies with U.S. statutes and treaties such as the U.N. Convention Against Torture and Other Forms of Cruel and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) and the 1949 Geneva Conventions. Congress approved additional guidelines concerning the treatment of detainees via the Detainee Treatment Act (DTA), which was enacted pursuant to both the Department of Defense, Emergency Supplemental Appropriations to Address Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico, and Pandemic Influenza Act, 2006 (P.L. 109-148), and the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006 (P.L. 109-163). Among other things, the DTA contains provisions that (1) require Department of Defense (DOD) personnel to employ United States Army Field Manual guidelines while interrogating detainees, and (2) prohibit the “cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment of persons under the detention, custody, or control of the United States Government.” These provisions of the DTA, which were first introduced by Senator John McCain, have popularly been referred to as the “McCain amendment.” This report discusses the McCain amendment, as modified and subsequently enacted into law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
East Asian Regional Architecture: New Economic and Security Arrangements and U.S. Policy

East Asian Regional Architecture: New Economic and Security Arrangements and U.S. Policy

Date: September 18, 2006
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: The end of the Cold War, the rise of China, globalization, free trade agreements, the war on terror, and an institutional approach to keeping the peace is causing dramatic shifts in relationships among countries in East Asia. A new regional architecture in the form of trade, financial, and political arrangements among countries of East Asia is developing that has significant implications for U.S. interests and policy. This report examines this regional architecture with a focus on China, South Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia. The types of arrangements include bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs), regional trade pacts, currency and monetary arrangements, and political and security arrangements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: July 27, 2006
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lebanon: The Israel-Hamas-Hezbollah Conflict

Lebanon: The Israel-Hamas-Hezbollah Conflict

Date: September 15, 2006
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M; Blanchard, Christopher M; Katzman, Kenneth; Migdalovitz, Carol; Prados, Alfred; Gallis, Paul E et al.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Date: July 27, 2006
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy

Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy

Date: September 21, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures and the Impact Aid Program for Education

Military Base Closures and the Impact Aid Program for Education

Date: September 7, 2006
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Impact Aid program, including the calculation of Impact Aid payments to local educational agencies (LEA), and an overview of the Base Realignment and Closing (BRAC) recommendations. This is followed by a discussion of the potential effects of the BRAC recommendations on LEAs that will both lose and gain students as a result of the changes. The report concludes with a brief discussion of actions that have been taken by LEAs in anticipation of large influxes of federally connected students.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Democracy in Russia: Trends and Implications for U.S. Interests

Democracy in Russia: Trends and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: U.S. attention has focused on Russia's fitful democratization since Russia emerged in 1991 from the collapse of the Soviet Union. Many observers have argued that a democratic Russia with free markets would be a cooperative bilateral and multilateral partner rather than an insular and hostile national security threat. President Putin's 2004 proposal to restructure the government has been supported by international observers. The U.S. Administration and Congress have welcomed some cooperation with Russia on vital U.S. national security concerns, including the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, among other issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. This report focuses primarily on biological weapons (rather than chemical weapons) because biological weapons generally are considered the more potent agroterrorism threat. This report also focuses more on the threat of agroterrorism against agricultural production, rather than on food processing and distribution, although the latter is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Manyin, Mark E & Cooper, William H
Description: This report discusses the Japan - U.S. relations. The alliance, with its access to bases in Japan, where about 53,000 U.S. troops are stationed, facilitates the forward deployment of U.S. military forces in the Asia-Pacific, thereby undergirding U.S. national security strategy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Following years of authoritarian rule and economic sanctions, the United States and the international community agreed in the spring of 2003 that efforts should be made to rehabilitate economic infrastructure and introduce representative government to post-war Iraq, among other objectives. More recently, the Bush Administration has asserted a “victory” strategy composed of eight objectives, five of which are to: transition Iraq to security self-reliance, help Iraqis form a national compact for democratic government, help Iraq build government capacity and provide essential services, help Iraq strengthen its economy, and help Iraq strengthen the rule of law and promote civil rights. To meet these ends, a large-scale assistance program has been undertaken by the United States in Iraq. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command

Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of the United States Northern Command

Date: August 18, 2006
Creator: Bowman, Steven R.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM), which was established by the Department of Defense (DOD) to fight terrorism at home. Significant organizational and procedural progress has been made in setting up this organization. However, questions remain concerning interagency relationships and information sharing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department