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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Air Force Bomber Sustainment and Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Air Force Bomber Sustainment and Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 23, 2013
Creator: Miller, Michael A.
Description: This report addresses potential congressional oversight and appropriations concerns for the sustainment and modernization of the U.S. Air Force's bomber force.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marine Corps Drawdown, Force Structure Initiatives, and Roles and Missions: Background and Issues for Congress

Marine Corps Drawdown, Force Structure Initiatives, and Roles and Missions: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 9, 2014
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides background information regarding the Marine Corps that characterizes itself as a crisis response expeditionary force, which is task organized and able to conduct operations across the entire spectrum of military operations. The report discusses the force reduction and shaping programs, force structure initiatives, marine corps roles, missions, and force structure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Shipboard Lasers for Surface, Air, and Missile Defense: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Shipboard Lasers for Surface, Air, and Missile Defense: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 1, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report focuses on potential Navy shipboard lasers for countering surface, air, and ballistic missile threats. It does not discuss the use of lasers on Navy aircraft or submarines, or the use of lasers by other military services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 5, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior Department of Defense (DOD) leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Date: January 2, 2013
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which bans all nuclear explosion and was in 1996 adopted by the U.N. General Assembly but rejected by the U.S. Senate in 1997. This report discusses the Obama Administration's stated goal of pursuing U.S. ratification of the CTBT, although the Administration has mainly focused on securing Senate consent to ratification of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START). This report also discusses other nuclear weapons-related issues as well as the long history of nuclear testing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 20, 2012
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Navy's irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) operations. The Navy's IW and CT activities pose a number of potential oversight issues for Congress, including the definition of Navy IW activities and how much emphasis to place on IW and CT activities in future Navy budgets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

Date: May 3, 2013
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Dale, Catherine & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report discusses the establishment of no-fly zones and several related issues for Congress surrounding the strategy, including international authorization, congressional authorization, operations, and costs of establishing and maintaining no-fly zones.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy TAO(X) Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy TAO(X) Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the TAO(X) oiler shipbuilding program, a program to build a new class of fleet oilers for the Navy. The Navy wants to procure the first TAO(X) in FY2016. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Navy's funding requests and acquisition strategy for the TAO(X) program. Decisions that Congress makes regarding the program could affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Detention of U.S. Persons as Enemy Belligerents

Detention of U.S. Persons as Enemy Belligerents

Date: December 4, 2012
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides a background to the legal issues presented, followed by a brief introduction to the law of war pertinent to the detention of different categories of individuals. An overview of U.S. practice during wartime to detain persons deemed dangerous to the national security is presented. The report concludes by discussing Congress's role in prescribing rules for wartime detention as well as legislative proposals in the 112th Congress to address the detention of U.S. persons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy

Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy

Date: June 6, 2008
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses issues related to peace in the Middle East, including post-Gulf War negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon; U.S. interest in these and continuing negotiations and peacetalks between Middle Eastern countries; and the role of the U.S., the U.N., the European Union, and Russia in Middle Eastern relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department