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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Military Technicians: The Issue of Mandatory Retirement for Non-Dual-Status Technicians

Military Technicians: The Issue of Mandatory Retirement for Non-Dual-Status Technicians

Date: March 28, 2000
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence
Description: This report describes the mandatory retirement provisions for certain “non-dual-status” military technicians contained in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (P.L. 106-65), discusses the stated rationale behind the policy, and quantifies the impact it will likely have on individual technicians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Date: February 10, 2005
Creator: Burrelli, David F & Dale, Charles V
Description: This report discusses policy towards homosexuals in the U.S. military service. In 1993, new laws and regulations pertaining to homosexuals and U.S. military service came into effect reflecting a compromise in policy. This compromise, colloquially referred to as “don’t ask, don’t tell,” holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. Service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their homosexuality. This compromise notwithstanding, the issue has remained politically contentious.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Date: June 3, 1996
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is the product of legislative efforts stretching back well over a decade and stimulated to passage in part by the tragedies in Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. This report summarizes the six titles of the Act, its sources, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long Beach: Proposed Lease by China Ocean Shipping Co. (COSCO) at Former Naval Base

Long Beach: Proposed Lease by China Ocean Shipping Co. (COSCO) at Former Naval Base

Date: June 3, 1998
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arms Control and Strategic Nuclear Weapons: Unilateral vs. Bilateral Reductions

Arms Control and Strategic Nuclear Weapons: Unilateral vs. Bilateral Reductions

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: This report discusses changing U.S. policy and priorities in regards to arms control. The report compares the various strengths and weaknesses of unilateral and bilateral approaches to arms reduction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Navy Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Navy Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 17, 2004
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's homeland security (HLS) and homeland defense (HLD) operations, which raise several potential oversight issues for Congress, including Navy coordination with the Coast Guard in HLS and HLD operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Glenda
Description: This report presents casualty data compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD), as tallied from the agency’s press releases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A.
Description: To address the challenges facing the U.S. Intelligence Community in the 21st Century, congressional and executive branch initiatives have sought to improve coordination among the different agencies and to encourage better analysis. This report examines various issues faced by the Intelligence Community and relevant policy in the 109th Congress.
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Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: October 1, 2002
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Intelligence Community's status and priorities in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq:  Summary of U.S. Casualties

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents casualty data compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD), as tallied from the agency’s press releases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ballistic Missile Defense:  Historical Overview

Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Description: In recent years there has been a growing sense of urgency to develop and deploy effective missile defenses against a range of long and short range ballistic missile threats. Although many might believe this to be relative new to U.S. national security objectives, such interest been ongoing since the 1960s, and current technologies being investigated date to the early 1980s. This effort has been challenging technically and politically controversial. Some $100 billion has been spent since the mid-1980s. This report provides a brief overview of U.S. efforts to date.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Navy Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Navy Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 2, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses potential Navy homeland security roles include defending the United States against ballistic or cruise missile attack, defending U.S. naval bases and naval computer networks against attack, searching for terrorists at sea, and assisting civil authorities in responding to terrorist attacks. The Navy’s role in homeland security raises several potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: October 11, 2002
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Intelligence Community's status and priorities in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts

Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts

Date: January 30, 2002
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report compares selected procedural safeguards employed in criminal trials in federal criminal court with parallel protective measures in military general courts-martial, military commissions as authorized under the Military Order of November 13, and, as a possible benchmark of international standards, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Humanitarian Issues in Post-War Iraq: An Overview for Congress

Potential Humanitarian Issues in Post-War Iraq: An Overview for Congress

Date: March 18, 2003
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Bockman, Johanna
Description: This report discusses the Oil For Food Program (OFFP) has alleviated some of the worst effects of the 1991 Gulf-War international sanctions regime. While some improvements have been seen in nutrition, health services, water supply and sanitation, there is greater dependence on government services, and observers of the Iraq situation have identified disturbing health and nutrition problems affecting the civilian population.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Architecture and Ship Acquisition: Selected FY2006 Issues for Congress

Navy Force Architecture and Ship Acquisition: Selected FY2006 Issues for Congress

Date: March 15, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report is based on CRS testimony at a March 10, 2005, hearing on Navy force structure and ship acquisition before the Projection Forces Subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee. Since February 2003, if not earlier, there has been no current, officially approved, unambiguous plan for the future size and structure of the Navy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation

Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation

Date: April 10, 2002
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides background on the purpose, structure, and other aspects of the new Institute for Security Cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Operation Enduring Freedom: Potential Air Power Questions for Congress

Operation Enduring Freedom: Potential Air Power Questions for Congress

Date: November 21, 2001
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses questions Congress may have concerning the effective use of air power during operation Enduring Freedom, including which aircraft are likely to be involved and how they are used.
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Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Date: December 23, 2004
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report provides statistics on fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003, as well as on the number of fatalities since May 1, 2003, plus statistics on those wounded, but not killed, since March 19, 2003.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missile Defense: The Current Debate

Missile Defense: The Current Debate

Date: December 21, 2005
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Description: This report discusses the missile defense programs, elimination of the distinction between national and theater missile defense and the deployment options for a “layered” capability to intercept missiles aimed at U.S. territory across the whole spectrum of their flight path.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: November 25, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This report discusses the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS, formerly SBIRS-Low), managed by the Missile Defense Agency, which performs missile tracking and target discrimination for missile defense objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Turkey, the Deployment of U.S. Forces, and Related Issues

Iraq: Turkey, the Deployment of U.S. Forces, and Related Issues

Date: May 2, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: On March 1, 2003, the Turkish parliament, in a close vote, failed to pass a resolution authorizing the United States to deploy troops to Turkish territory to open a northern front in a war against Iraq. The vote surprised the U.S. government and its Turkish counterpart. Both governments may have greatly overestimated their understanding of the Turkish political situation that contributed to the defeat of the resolution. This report focuses on that political scene, Turkish concerns about an Iraq conflict, the tentative, but unfulfilled, bargain struck between the U.S. and Turkish governments to authorize the U.S. deployment - to the extent that it is known, the final arrangements for U.S. access to Turkish airspace, and attendant issues. This report also reviews the implications of parliament’s actions for the bilateral U.S.- Turkish relationship, regional relations, Turkey’s domestic politics, its economy, and broader issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Middle East Peace Talks

The Middle East Peace Talks

Date: January 13, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses the Middle East peace talks, including the new peace process with the most recent developments,and the war against terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Aviation: Issues and Options for Combating Terrorism and Counterinsurgency

Military Aviation: Issues and Options for Combating Terrorism and Counterinsurgency

Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides background on terrorism and non-state actor challenges, and how military aviation may contribute to operations against these actors. The report discusses issues associated with the use of military aviation against non-state actors, and potential options for consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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