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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 5, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class aircraft carrier program. Congress's decisions on the CVN-78 program could substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 8, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Ohio replacement program (ORP), a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy's current force of 14 Ohio-class SSBNs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 14, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Virginia-class nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) program. Decisions that Congress makes on procurement of Virginia-class boats could substantially affect U.S. Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2017 Defense Budget Request: In Brief

FY2017 Defense Budget Request: In Brief

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: Williams, Lynn M. & Towell, Pat
Description: This report discusses the Obama Administration's FY2017 budget request, which includes $619.5 billion for national defense of which $590.6 billion is for the Department of Defense (DOD). It includes an overview of the defense budget structure including defense and budget caps, the base budget request, funding over overseas contingency operations, and other selected budget issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup

Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Description: This report provides an overview of cleanup requirements for the transfer and reuse of base closure properties, discusses the status of property transfer on bases closed under prior rounds, examines costs to clean up bases closed under these prior rounds, and discusses cleanup costs and issues for the 2005 round.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Virginia-class nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) program. The Navy's proposed FY2017 budget requests $4,955.2 million in procurement and advance procurement (AP) funding for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Issues and Economic Effects of American Wars

Financing Issues and Economic Effects of American Wars

Date: April 27, 2004
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report examines financing and economic issues in World War II, the Korean Conflict, the Vietnam Conflict, the Reagan Military Buildup, and the 1991 and 2003 wars in Iraq. It examines tax policy, non-military outlays, the budget balance, economic growth, inflation, and interest rates during these periods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 16, 2013
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the current moratorium on the conduct of Department of Defense (DOD) public-private competitions under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76 and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Long Can the Defense Department Finance FY2008 Operations in Advance of Supplemental Appropriations?

How Long Can the Defense Department Finance FY2008 Operations in Advance of Supplemental Appropriations?

Date: December 10, 2007
Creator: Belasco, Amy & Towell, Pat
Description: This report analyzes war funding for the Defense Department and tracks funding for USAID and VA Medical funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Continuity of Operations (COOP) in the Executive ranch : Background and Issues for Congress

Continuity of Operations (COOP) in the Executive ranch : Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 31, 2004
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: This report discusses the background of Continuity of Operations (COOP) in planning, discusses elements of an effective COOP plan, and reviews the current policies governing COOP planning in the executive branch. The final two sections address issues and policy questions, including, among other matters, the status of agency preparedness, maintaining COOP preparedness, congressional committee oversight of COOP activity, and funding for contingency planning.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Deepwater program, which is a 20- to 25-year acquisition effort to replace or modernize 93 aging Coast Guard ships and 207 aging Coast Guard aircraft. The program’s estimated total acquisition cost is $19 billion to $24 billion. On March 25, 2005 the Coast Guard submitted to Congress a revised implementation plan for the program that alters the planned capabilities and numbers of Deepwater assets and the schedule for acquiring or modernizing them. Some Members of Congress have criticized the revised implementation plan. The Coast Guard’s proposed FY2006 budget requests $966 million for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Nuclear-Powered Surface Ships: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy Nuclear-Powered Surface Ships: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: September 21, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses congressional interest in expanding the use of nuclear power to a wider array of Navy surface ships, starting with the Navy’s planned CG(X) cruiser. The issue for Congress is whether the CG(X) or other future Navy surface ships should be nuclear-powered. Congress’s decisions on this issue could affect, among other things, future Navy capabilities, Navy funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Date: July 23, 2009
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on issues regarding peacekeeping efforts, as well as stabilization and reconstruction operations. It also discusses proposals and tracks related legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense “Section 1207” Security and Stabilization Assistance: A Fact Sheet

Department of Defense “Section 1207” Security and Stabilization Assistance: A Fact Sheet

Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report discusses Section 1207 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (P.L. 109-163), which provides authority for DOD to transfer to the State Department up to $100 million per fiscal year in defense articles, services, training or other support for reconstruction, stabilization, and security activities in foreign countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy SSBN(X) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy SSBN(X) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 22, 2011
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's plan to develop and design a class of 12 next-generation ballistic missile submarines, or SSBN(X)s, as replacements for the 14 Ohio class SSBNs currently in operation. The report explores certain related issues for Congress, including the affordability of the project and its potential impact on other Navy shipbuilding programs, alternatives to the program, and which shipyard or shipyards will build the proposed ships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA)

The Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA)

Date: November 6, 2013
Creator: Brown, Jared T.
Description: This report discusses the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA, 50 U.S.C. Appx § 2061 et seq.), which confers upon the President a broad set of authorities to influence domestic industry in the interest of national defense.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A. & Ek, Carl
Description: This report discusses how successive U.S. governments have urged the creation of an anti-missile system to protect against long-range ballistic missile threats from adversary states. The proposed U.S. system has encountered resistance in some European countries and beyond.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: December 22, 2006
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Integrated Deepwater Systems (IDS) program, or Deepwater program for short, which is a $24-billion, 25-year project to replace and modernize the Coast Guard’s aging fleet of deepwater-capable ships and aircraft. It is the largest and most complex acquisition effort in Coast Guard history, encompassing 91 new cutters, 124 new small surface craft, and 244 new or converted airplanes, helicopters, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Administration’s annual funding requests and overall approach for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy — Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy — Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report discusses the full funding policy, which is a federal budgeting rule that has been applied to Department of Defense (DOD) procurement programs since the 1950s. In recent years, some DOD weapons — specifically, certain Navy ships — have been procured with funding profiles that do not conform to the policy as it traditionally has been applied to DOD weapon procurement programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Date: September 3, 2008
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A. & Ek, Carl
Description: This report discusses how successive U.S. governments have urged the creation of an anti-missile system to protect against long-range ballistic missile threats from adversary states. The proposed U.S. system has encountered resistance in some European countries and beyond.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 22, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report presents background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Navy's Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) and Zumwalt (DDG-1000) class destroyer programs. The Navy's proposed FY2016 budget requests funding for the procurement of two DDG-51s, including the first of a new DDG-51 design variant called the Flight III design, which is to carry a new and more capable radar called the Air and Missile Defense Radar (AMDR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy LPD-17 Amphibious Ship Procurement: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy LPD-17 Amphibious Ship Procurement: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: October 1, 2008
Creator: Ronald O'Rourke
Description: This report discusses the Navy's FY2009 shipbuilding plan that calls for procuring an 10th San Antonio (LPD-17) class amphibious ship in FY2011. This report discusses the procurement cost estimates of this ship, as well as related issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 22, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class aircraft carrier program. Congress's decisions on the CVN-78 program could substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department