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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy DDG-51 Destroyer Procurement Rate: Issues and Options for Congress

Navy DDG-51 Destroyer Procurement Rate: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: April 25, 1994
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Date: June 20, 1994
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report reviews data that the Administration has provided to Congress on the costs of U.S. forces based abroad and on the value of host nation support contributions. It analyzes the data in order to assess potential defense budget savings from measures now under congressional consideration. The report concludes that, because of shortcomings in the data, estimates of savings in the U.S. defense budget from increased host nation contributions are often overstated. Some commonly accepted assertions frequently cited in the congressional burdensharing debate, therefore, are of doubtful validity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Date: June 20, 1994
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: Under an agreement announced in January 1991, the Government of Japan committed itself to increase substantially the amount of support that it provides for U.S. military forces based there. Among other things, Japan agreed by 1995 to absorb 100 percent of the cost of Japanese nationals employed at U.S. military facilities and to pay for all utilities supplied to U.S. bases, to increase the amount of military and family housing construction that it is providing to support U.S. forces, to continue to provide facilities at no charge to the United States and to waive taxes and fees that might otherwise apply to U.S. activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Partnership for Peace

Partnership for Peace

Date: August 9, 1994
Creator: Gallis, Paul E.
Description: NATO's Partnership for Peace program seeks to encourage eligible states, above all the states of the former Warsaw Pact and the former Soviet Union, to build democracy and undertake greater responsibilities in international security. The program could open the door to, but does not promise, NATO membership. U.S. and NATO relations with Russia are likely to be the determining factor in deciding whether states move from Partnership to NATO membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Industry in Transition: Issues and Options for Congress

Defense Industry in Transition: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: January 9, 1997
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: The U.S. government and the defense industry continued to adjust to the post-Cold War era. Complicating the transition was the restructuring of the U.S. and other industrialized economies, and questions concerning the future direction of U.S. defense policy. The 104th Congress grappled with how to ensure that the U.S. retained a smaller, but capable, defense industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOD's Dual-Use Strategy

DOD's Dual-Use Strategy

Date: July 3, 1997
Creator: Moteff, John D.
Description: In an effort to reduce the costs of its military systems and gain greater access to state-of-the-art technologies, the Department of Defense is pursuing what is being called a "dual-use" strategy. This strategy seeks to make greater use of the commercial sector in developing and manufacturing military goods. This report discusses issues raised over the implementation of this strategy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) and Defense Industries

China: Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) and Defense Industries

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congressional interest in the Chinese military, or People’s Liberation Army (PLA), has increased as a result of the March 1996 tensions in the Taiwan Strait, continuing allegations of Chinese proliferation of technology useful in weapons of mass destruction, and reports that some Chinese defense-related corporations have circumvented U.S. export controls to acquire dual-use technology. The Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND), an important, high-level PLA organization, plays a role in China’s weapon programs, sales of civilian goods, acquisition of military technology, and arms sales and export controls. The purpose of this CRS Report is to examine the origins and command, roles, and influence of COSTIND.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?

Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Lockwood, David E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Defense Budget Primer

A Defense Budget Primer

Date: December 9, 1998
Creator: Tyszkiewicz, Mary T & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a primer for those who wish to familiarize themselves with the defense budget process. The report defines basic defense budget-related terms, describes the structure of the defense budget, briefly reviews the budgeting process within the Department of Defense (DOD), and outlines the successive phases of the congressional defense budget process. It also provides a short review of the budget execution process. This report will be updated only in the event of significant changes to the defense budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Defense Research: A Primer on the Department of Defense's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT and E) Program

Date: July 14, 1999
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: This report describes the basic elements and issues of the Department of Defense's (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. It defines basic activities supported by the program, presents budget trends, discusses the management of program, and describes the infrastructure in which the program is implemented. This report is for staff new to the area of defense research and for senior staff interested in historical trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program

Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program

Date: August 13, 1999
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The Administration has requested $34.4 billion for the Department of Defense (DOD) Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) program for FY2000. This is almost $3 billion below what was available for RDT&E in FY1999. In addition, the 6-year budget would maintain RDT&E between $34 billion and $35 billion over the next 6 years. In constant dollars, RDT&E spending will decline.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Where Do We Stand?

Military Base Closures: Where Do We Stand?

Date: February 18, 2000
Creator: Lockwood, David E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Security: The Debate in NATO and the European Union

European Security: The Debate in NATO and the European Union

Date: April 25, 2000
Creator: Donfried, Karen & Gallis, Paul E
Description: This report reviews progress within NATO to develop a European Security and Defense Identity (ESDI), and the initiative within the European Union to create a common European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP). The report considers both European and U.S. perspectives on these developments. It will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?

Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?

Date: June 15, 2000
Creator: Lockwood, David E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Acquisition Reform: Status and Current Issues

Defense Acquisition Reform: Status and Current Issues

Date: September 7, 2000
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: The end of the Cold War and its impact on defense spending has created a strong need to reform Department of Defense’s (DOD) acquisition system. With procurement spending down, DOD expects to depend on savings from acquisition reform to help finance future force modernization. Policymakers believe that DOD should use more commercial products because, in many instances, they cost less and their quality is comparable to products built according to DOD military specifications. Many such reform proposals are based on recognition that DOD regulatory barriers and a Cold War acquisition “culture” have inhibited the introduction of commercial products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?

Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Lockwood, David E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Where Do We Stand?

Military Base Closures: Where Do We Stand?

Date: March 7, 2001
Creator: Lockwood, David E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Spending by Foreign Nations: Data from Selected Public Sources

Military Spending by Foreign Nations: Data from Selected Public Sources

Date: April 6, 2001
Creator: Tyszkiewicz, Mary T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Budget for FY2002: An Overview of Bush Administration Plans and Key Issues for Congress

Defense Budget for FY2002: An Overview of Bush Administration Plans and Key Issues for Congress

Date: May 22, 2001
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: Details of Bush Administration plans for the defense budget have been on hold for several months as senior officials have undertaken a reassessment of defense policy known as the “National Defense Review.” The initial Bush budget outline, A Blueprint for New Beginnings, released on February 28, and the Administration’s official FY2002 budget request, released on April 9, include $325 billion in new budget authority for national defense in FY2002, but that total remains subject to change as the defense review proceeds. Moreover, official Administration defense budget projections beyond FY2002 simply reflect projected growth with inflation in overall annual funding for national defense fromFY2003 through FY2006 rather than the results of any policy assessment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Navy Network-Centric Warfare Concept: Key Programs and Issues for Congress

Date: June 6, 2001
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?

Military Base Closures: Time for Another Round?

Date: June 7, 2001
Creator: Lockwood, David E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Where Do We Stand?

Military Base Closures: Where Do We Stand?

Date: June 7, 2001
Creator: Lockwood, David E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department