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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Terrorism: Some Legal Restrictions on Military Assistance to Domestic Authorities Following a Terrorist Attack

Terrorism: Some Legal Restrictions on Military Assistance to Domestic Authorities Following a Terrorist Attack

Date: February 6, 2004
Creator: Doyle, Charles & Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ricin: Technical Background and Potential Role in Terrorism

Ricin: Technical Background and Potential Role in Terrorism

Date: February 4, 2004
Creator: Shea, Dana A & Gottron, Frank
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Jacobs, Amanda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005

USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005

Date: January 2, 2004
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Date: December 22, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism in Southeast Asia

Terrorism in Southeast Asia

Date: November 18, 2003
Creator: Manyin, Mark E; Cronin, Richard P; Niksch, Larry A & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, H.R. 1036, S. 659, S. 1805, S. 1806, 108th Congress: Legal Analysis

Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, H.R. 1036, S. 659, S. 1805, S. 1806, 108th Congress: Legal Analysis

Date: November 17, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher; Elias, Bartholomew & Feickert, Andrew
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Attack and Cyber Terrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Computer Attack and Cyber Terrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: This report presents a working definition for the term “cyber terrorism”, plus background information describing how current technology and management processes may leave computers exposed to cyber-attack, and a discussion of possible effects of a cyber-attack. Potential issues for Congress are presented in the second section, including: whether appropriate guidance exists for a DOD information warfare response to a cyber-attack; whether the need to detect possible cyber terrorist activity interferes with individual privacy; whether the roles and responsibilities for protecting against a possible cyber terrorist attack need more clarity for government, industry, and home users; and, whether information sharing on cyber threats and vulnerabilities must be further increased between private industry and the federal government. The final section describes possible policy options for improving protection against threats from possible cyber terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: October 16, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Date: October 15, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: The Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996, P.L. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009- 26, added a definition of “child pornography” that include visual depictions of what appears to be a minor engaging in explicit sexual conduct, even if no actual minor was used in producing the depiction. On April 16, 2002, in Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, the Supreme Court held this provision unconstitutional to the extent that it prohibited pictures that were not produced with actual minors. (This case is discussed under “Section 2256,” below.) In response to Ashcroft, bills were introduced in the House and Senate that would continue to ban some child pornography that was produced without an actual minor; on June 25, 2002, the House passed one such bill: H.R. 4623, 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Date: October 2, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Quality: Implementing the Clean Water Act

Water Quality: Implementing the Clean Water Act

Date: October 2, 2003
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Polygraph Use by the Department of Energy: Issues for Congress

Polygraph Use by the Department of Energy: Issues for Congress

Date: October 1, 2003
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War on Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

War on Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

Date: October 1, 2003
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: September 29, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report provides background information and policy analysis pertinent to proposals to restructure first responder assistance programs. Specifically, this report provides information on existing programs, appropriations, legislation in the 108th Congress, and selected policy issues. This report does not discuss all relevant policy issues, but, rather, those issues that may be germane to any significant restructuring of existing programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Obscenity and Indecency: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Obscenity and Indecency: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Date: September 29, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: September 26, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne; Teasley, David & Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: The Federal Response

Crime Control: The Federal Response

Date: September 23, 2003
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne
Description: Under the federal system in the United States, the states and localities traditionally have held the major responsibility for prevention and control of crime and maintenance of order. For most of the Republic’s history, “police powers” in the broad sense were reserved to the states under the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution. Many still hold that view, but others see a string of court decisions in recent decades as providing the basis for a far more active federal role. Several bills are discussed in this report that address issues related to crime, juvenile justice, and Congress’ evolving role in crime legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft

Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft

Date: September 12, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2003: “Separate Offense” Provisions and Penalties

The Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2003: “Separate Offense” Provisions and Penalties

Date: September 9, 2003
Creator: Mangan, George
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: September 8, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department